Education By: Kayla Merrell and Alecia Page
First years • Petty School • Open to most • Bishop licensed teachers based on religious orthodoxy • Focus on reading and writing so they could read the Bible • Used an absey book/horn to learn to write
Side note: Math was bananas. Europe hadn’t completely shifted to the Arabic system we used today—you know, the one that makes sense. They used Roman numerals and counted on charts with tokens as a calculator.. It was a complex process.
Merchant Taylor School (1561) Open to everyone Maintained a system with rich vs. poor students: 100 rich 100 poor (free) 50 poor (small fee) No food and drinks, four hour long prayers
If you think the students’ lives were rough, consider the lives of the professors:The school was run by four people, and those four people were in charge of 250 students. The Highmaster was the head of the school. He had a Chief Usher and two Under Ushers.Richard Mulcaster became the first Highmaster and maintained his position for twenty-five years.
St. Paul’s A school was attached to St. Paul’s around the 12th century, and John Colet restored it in the late 14th century.
John Colet Colet became the Dean of St. Paul’s in 1510. The school admitted 153 boys Students paid a small admission that went to a boy who cleaned the school
Westminster abbey Founded by Henry VIII in 1540 120+ students 40 were Queen’s Scholars (free tuition, tutoring provided) Students who needed to apply for scholarships had to be at least eight years old and must have attended school for at least one year The day began at five, prayers started at six, the master arrived at seven, and Latin translations began at eight. Students could only speak in Latin at dinner.
Meanwhile, a few citizens decided to start some schools of their own.Nicholas Gibson, for instance, started a school in 1536 that admitted about sixty boys. He then opened two more schools in Southwark that was run by parishioners; the first school held one hundred students, and the next school was built specifically for children and toddlers nine years later.Claudius Hollyband, well known for writing a book for teaching French, ran a school for the “sons of citizens.”
Edward VI Asked the Lord Mayor to help the orphans and men overburdened with children 30 aldermen raised funds They found over 300 fatherless children, 350 overburdened fathers, and over 500 kids were sent to the hospital. Blankets, mattresses, and sheets were donated 50 workers, 5 administrators, multiple teachers Fed wheat bread, drank beer
Christ hospital grammar school Students only had bread on Friday. If they didn’t have a name, they were given one. Girls became domestic servants and boys apprenticed to trades. 800+ dropped out or died.
Lincoln inn Lawyers and law students stayed in these “Inns of court” They lived the “collegiate” life Women weren’t admitted If female servants were hired, they had to be younger than twelve or older than forty. Members had to attend chapel. Imagine that: pious lawyers.
Middle Temple Another Inn of Court
Works cited • http://www.skidmore.edu/~lopitz/KRII/Hornbook.GIF • http://minerdescent.com/2010/08/03/ephraim-kempton/ • http://www.hberlioz.com/London/StPaul2B.jpg • http://www.ldysinger.com/@texts2/1510_colet/John_Colet.jpg • http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-VnsXdzYo_pk/TdU8dmNqygI/AAAAAAAABLc/ErITugk4gJ8/s1600/westminster-abbey-london.jpg • http://thumbs2.modthesims.info/img/6/5/5/0/3/7/MTS2_Ahlaam21_1083768_henry_viii_1.jpg • http://heraldictimes.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/edward-vi.jpg?w=427&h=540 • http://www.fotosearch.com/IST530/1619134/ • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_Nf5FfHNth64/Sfou1mLa9RI/AAAAAAAAE9k/a7LkQ0Rq94c/s400/Great+Hall+Lincoln's+Inn.jpg • http://londonthouhts.blogspot.com/2009/11/middle-temple-london.html
Discussion questions • If you had to attend one of the schools we discussed, which would it be and why? • London seemed to value offering educational opportunities to the wealthy and the poor. How do you think this affected their class system?