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Pigs Rule!. Evaluating an Argument Power, Corruption and Language Title credit: Dr. K. Rowlands, CSUN Material adapted from Holt Literature & Language Arts, Fourth Course. Introduction. Discuss Lord Acton’s view: power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.

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pigs rule

Pigs Rule!

Evaluating an Argument

Power, Corruption and Language

Title credit: Dr. K. Rowlands, CSUN

Material adapted from Holt Literature & Language Arts, Fourth Course

Animal Farm

introduction
Introduction
  • Discuss Lord Acton’s view: power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.
  • Language has connotative and denotative meaning.
  • Language may be used to persuade and control.
  • Determining the credibility of an argument is an important skill.

Animal Farm

state a claim or opinion
State a Claim or Opinion
  • The major thrust or idea of the author.
  • Often the claim is stated in the form of a generalization, a broad statement that covers many situations.

Animal Farm

supporting the claim
Supporting the Claim
  • Logical appeals- convincing reasons and evidence.
  • Emotional appeals- appeals to the heart rather than to the intellect.
  • Ethical appeals- appeals to one’s sense of right and wrong.

Animal Farm

logical appeals
Logical Appeals
  • Facts
  • Statistics
  • Examples
  • Quotations or expert opinion

Animal Farm

emotional appeals
Emotional Appeals
  • Loaded words, emotional connotations
  • Anecdotes, brief stories or personal accounts of an event

Animal Farm

ethical appeals
Ethical Appeals
  • Appeal to one’s sense of right and wrong.
  • Are they credible? What is their motive?

Animal Farm

how comprehensive is the support
How Comprehensive Is the Support?
  • The author or speaker must provide sufficient evidence to back up generalizations.
  • If the argument is filled with emotional appeals but no relevant evidence, it is possible that no evidence exists to support the claim.

Animal Farm

author s intent or purpose
Author’s Intent or Purpose
  • Does the author present a reasoned, objective argument?
  • Does the author have a biased interest in the topic?

Animal Farm

slide10
Tone
  • The author’s intent affects tone.
  • Tone filled with anger may indicate an argument based on more emotion than evidence.

Animal Farm

practice analyze a speech for appeals to logic emotion and ethics
Practice! Analyze a Speech for Appeals to Logic, Emotion and Ethics
  • List all the appeals in Chief Tecumseh’s address to General William Henry Harrison

Reading by Arthur S. Junaluska

Artist Unknown

Animal Farm