Body temperature and blood glucose. Control of body temperature. The hypothalamus of the brain monitors temperature of the blood and compares it with a set point, usually close to 37 ºC. Blood near the skin exchanges heat with the environment to preserve the temperature.
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- dehydration: lose excessive water from urination, blood pressure problems
- starvation: body cannot use glucose
Onset is usually during childhood
Beta cells do not produce a sufficient amount of insulin (degeneration)
Insulin injections are used to control blood sugar levels
Type II Diabetes (Non-insulin dependent)
Onset is usually after childhood, usually caused by obesity
Target cells become insensitive to insulin
Controlled by regulating dietary glucose (low-carbohydrate diet)