Fuels Quality Scenario in Pakistan Muhammad Azam Director Refining Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources (September 13-14, 2006, Karachi)
OBJECTIVE • This presentation aims at briefly covering the existing fuel quality in the country and various measures adopted by Pakistan to move forward for cleaner fuels.
Oil Consumption Per Capita BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2005
Current Energy Mix 55.5 Million TOE
Refining Capacity (Million Tons) RefineryLocationCapacity p.a • Pak Arab Kot Addu 4.50 • NRL Karachi 2.80 • PRL Karachi 2.15 • ARL Rawalpindi 1.66 • Dhodak D.I.Khan 0.12 • Bosicar Hub,Balochistan 1.50 • Enar Petrotec Karachi 0.13 Total 12.86
Specification in Pakistan • Motor gasoline • Research octane number (RON)= 87 min • Lead content gm per ltr = zero • Sulfur content wt % = 0.1 • HSD • Sulfur content wt % = 1.0 • Furnace oil • Sulfur content wt % = 3.5
EnvironmentalPollution: Sources Major Sources of man made sources include • Industrial and Power Generation wastes • Vehicular emission • Agricultural Wastes • Municipal Wastes • Oil Spills For vehicles, the important considerations are • Vehicle Technology • Fitness/maintenance/tuning • Fuel Quality
Initiative for Clean Fuels • Various steps have been taken phase wise to improve the specification of petroleum products . • Mono grade 87 RON Gasoline was introduced in the country with effect from 1st October 2000.
Unleaded gasoline was introduced in the country with effect from 1st July 2002, which has brought tremendous benefits to public, as lead was highly injurious to health especially to children. More than 50% gasoline being produced and marketed in the country w.e.f. March, 2003 is 90 RON, unleaded This motor gasoline meets most of EURO II Standards
A new Coastal Refinery of 9-13 mill ton capacity is planned to set up at Khalifa point near Hub Baluchistan by the year 2010. • The proposed Refinery would produce Euro III standard products. • A pilot project has been launched to introduce 10 % ethanol in Motor gasoline which is more environment friendly
Conclusions • Most major urban centers experience significant and persistent air quality problems • Air quality improvement efforts incorporates fuel reformulation due to the large contribution of mobile sources • Control on pollution can be achieved when the bulk engine technology matches fuel, is properly tuned and fuel quality is good.
Each country follows its own path (to suit its own ground realities) and in different phases Fuel quality improvement requires mega-investments and long lead times to implement A home grown plan for clean fuels is more likely to be realistic and achievable. Conclusions (contd.)
Conclusions (contd.) • Refineries have been given target to start production of Euro II specs. HSD from 1st Jan. 2008 • Refineries are upgrading their existing configurations to meet the targets of Clean Environment friendly Fuels