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Dr Alan J Murphy School of Marine Science and Technology. Shipping’s GHG challenge. Globalisation = Trade = Shipping. Our aims. The relationship between transport logistics and future ship designs Future demand for shipping

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Dr Alan J Murphy School of Marine Science and Technology


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    1. Dr Alan J Murphy School of Marine Science and Technology

    2. Shipping’s GHG challenge • Globalisation = Trade = Shipping

    3. Our aims • The relationship between transport logistics and future ship designs • Future demand for shipping • The impacts of technical and policy solutions on future shipping scenarios • Implementation barriers to low carbon shipping • Shipping GHG measurement and apportionment

    4. Project scope Global with high resolution for UK centric flows Commodities (first focus) Energy products Major bulks Containers Transporter type Ship (first focus) Containers Tankers - Crude, Product Dry Bulkers Other modes Pipe/Rail/Road etc

    5. Subject Matter Experts Professor James Corbett (Delaware) Professor Henry Marcus (MIT)

    6. A systems approach • WP1 - Shipping modelling • WP2 - Technologies for low carbon shipping • WP3 - Shipping, ports and logistics • WP4 - Shipping economics • WP5 - Regulations, policy and incentives • WP6 - Ship operations

    7. WP1 - The Model

    8. WP2 - Technologies Integrate Are these numbers correct? What would a 20%,40%,60% CO2 reduced container,tanker,bulker look like?

    9. WP3 - Shipping ports and logistics • Map the current and projected transport network • Model the impacts of network reconfiguration • Assess the environmental impact of port activities

    10. Routes around the UK by vessel type Map freight flows – CO2 Consequences? Route Decision making – CO2 Consequences? Port Activity – CO2 Consequences? Source: MCA

    11. WP4 - Shipping economics • Environmental/life cycle shipping costing • Macro/micro shipping analysis • Characteristics of shipping markets

    12. H&M Manufacturer Management company Ship financiers Captain/crew Consignee Ship yard Bunker supplier Ship owner Final consumer Classification society Insurer Ship broker Flag state Shareholders Charterer IMO Port state control WP5 - Regulation, policy and incentives • Analyseincentivisation across the stakeholder space • Analyse regulation scenarios • Aviation vs. shipping • Relative to criteria (e.g. legality, abatement, trade impacts)

    13. WP6 - Human factors & ship operations • Develop knowledge regarding energy efficient operation • Develop onboard monitoring and decision support systems • Research efficiency optimised maintenance regimes

    14. This work is intended to answer: How much can shipping contribute to the 80%? Will I still be buying cheap electronics from China? How much can we regulate without stifling economic growth? What is optimum regulatory vehicle? How can I still be in business in 20 year’s time? What sort of technologies will be most important? Concluding remarks A transition to a low carbon economy will challenge: • Society • Governments • Industry

    15. www.lowcarbonshipping.co.uk a.j.murphy@ncl.ac.uk