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Dr Alan J Murphy School of Marine Science and Technology. Shipping’s GHG challenge. Globalisation = Trade = Shipping. Our aims. The relationship between transport logistics and future ship designs Future demand for shipping
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Dr Alan J Murphy School of Marine Science and Technology
Shipping’s GHG challenge • Globalisation = Trade = Shipping
Our aims • The relationship between transport logistics and future ship designs • Future demand for shipping • The impacts of technical and policy solutions on future shipping scenarios • Implementation barriers to low carbon shipping • Shipping GHG measurement and apportionment
Project scope Global with high resolution for UK centric flows Commodities (first focus) Energy products Major bulks Containers Transporter type Ship (first focus) Containers Tankers - Crude, Product Dry Bulkers Other modes Pipe/Rail/Road etc
Subject Matter Experts Professor James Corbett (Delaware) Professor Henry Marcus (MIT)
A systems approach • WP1 - Shipping modelling • WP2 - Technologies for low carbon shipping • WP3 - Shipping, ports and logistics • WP4 - Shipping economics • WP5 - Regulations, policy and incentives • WP6 - Ship operations
WP2 - Technologies Integrate Are these numbers correct? What would a 20%,40%,60% CO2 reduced container,tanker,bulker look like?
WP3 - Shipping ports and logistics • Map the current and projected transport network • Model the impacts of network reconfiguration • Assess the environmental impact of port activities
Routes around the UK by vessel type Map freight flows – CO2 Consequences? Route Decision making – CO2 Consequences? Port Activity – CO2 Consequences? Source: MCA
WP4 - Shipping economics • Environmental/life cycle shipping costing • Macro/micro shipping analysis • Characteristics of shipping markets
H&M Manufacturer Management company Ship financiers Captain/crew Consignee Ship yard Bunker supplier Ship owner Final consumer Classification society Insurer Ship broker Flag state Shareholders Charterer IMO Port state control WP5 - Regulation, policy and incentives • Analyseincentivisation across the stakeholder space • Analyse regulation scenarios • Aviation vs. shipping • Relative to criteria (e.g. legality, abatement, trade impacts)
WP6 - Human factors & ship operations • Develop knowledge regarding energy efficient operation • Develop onboard monitoring and decision support systems • Research efficiency optimised maintenance regimes
This work is intended to answer: How much can shipping contribute to the 80%? Will I still be buying cheap electronics from China? How much can we regulate without stifling economic growth? What is optimum regulatory vehicle? How can I still be in business in 20 year’s time? What sort of technologies will be most important? Concluding remarks A transition to a low carbon economy will challenge: • Society • Governments • Industry