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Adoptions. “There are no unwanted children, just unfound families.”— The National Adoption Center. Values and Assumptions Exercise. Learning Outcomes. Describe the legal requirements for adoptions Understand the key elements of the adoption process, including the unified home study

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“There are no unwanted children, just unfound families.”—The National Adoption Center

Values and Assumptions Exercise

learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes
  • Describe the legal requirements for adoptions
  • Understand the key elements of the adoption process, including the unified home study
  • Prepare the child and family
  • Explore the open adoption arrangement
laws that apply to adoptions
Laws that Apply to Adoptions


  • ASFA
  • ICWA
  • ICPC


  • RCW 26.33
  • WAC 388-27
children available for adoption
Children Available for Adoption
  • 1,667 foster children ready for adoption (as of 9/2013)
  • Range in age
  • May be part of a sibling group (2 or more)
  • Represent diverse ethnic and cultural populations
  • May have medical, mental and/or physical health issues
  • May have developmental delays
  • May have developmental disabilities
  • May have been exposed to drug and alcohol use/abuse
when adoption becomes a goal
When Adoption becomes a Goal
  • Parents unable to reach case plan objectives
  • Relinquishment of parental rights
  • Termination of parental rights
transferring the case
Transferring the Case

Make sure to provide comprehensive assessment information:

  • Relative search
  • Medical/social history
  • Cultural history
  • Conduct a shared planning staffing
  • Activities to help the child cope with loss and manage change
matching a family and child
Matching a Family and Child



unified home study
Unified Home Study

Pair n Share:

  • What do you believe to be the most pertinent and informative questions that need to be asked of potential adoptive parents?
  • How do you believe all of the information is going to be used to determine the eligibility of a potential adoptive family?
  • Are there answers to any of the questions that you believe would immediately disqualify a family interested in adoption? Why?

To keep an eye on the

preparing the child and adoptive family
Preparing the Child and Adoptive Family

Stages of the Adoption Process

  • Placement
  • Honeymoon
  • Pre-Finalization
  • Post Finalization

Common themes to be addressed:

  • Answering the child’s questions - based on developmental stage
  • Signs of grief, loss, and trauma - by developmental stage
  • Creating permanent connections and an identity of belonging
  • Creating a family identity that celebrates the child’s adoption journey
don t forget the family of origin
Don’t Forget the Family of Origin
  • We partner throughout
  • Adoptive planning
  • Opportunities for involvement
  • Services for birth parents
open adoptions agreement
Open Adoptions Agreement

Are beneficial to:

  • Maintain positive relationships
  • Maintain and celebrate all the important people in a child’s life
  • Allow the child to resolve losses with truth rather than fantasies
adoption support
Adoption Support
  • Offsets some costs related to:
    • Adoption process
    • Child’s special needs
  • Eligibility and amount determined prior to adoption
  • Family must apply
  • May be amended post adoption
the adoption legal process
The Adoption Legal Process
  • Match family and child
  • Adoption support settled
  • Adoptive parents obtain lawyer to submit Petition for Adoption
  • Adoption hearing takes place
  • Decree of Adoption issued – Parent/Child relationship legal
  • Adoptive parents submit Decree to DOH (new birth certificate) and SSA (new ss number)