Pesticide Label Requirements Horticulture II
Big Brother is Watching • In order for a chemical, any chemical, to be sold in the United States is MUST have an EPA Registration number. • Most states, including NC, also require state registration • Some chemicals are legal in some states but not in others
What’s on the Label • Name and address of manufacturer • Who’s responsible for the contents of the package • Trade name • Like the common name of a plant • Examples- RoundUp, Pine Sol, etc
Label • Active Ingredient • What makes the pesticide work • Must include official common or chemical name of each active ingredient • Type of Pesticide • Herbicides, insecticide, fungicide, etc
Label • Form of Substance • Dust (D) • Wettable Powder (WP) • Fumigant (F) • Soluble (S) • Granule (G) • Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) • Ready-to-use (RTU) • Many more forms available
Label • Storage and Disposal Precautions • Temperature to store at, shelf life, etc • Hazard Statement • Must include “Keep Out of Reach of Children” • Directions for Use • How to mix (1 oz./ gallon, etc) • How to apply (Spray, avoid, broadcast, etc)
Label • Net Contents • How much is in the container
Safety on the Label • Statement of Practical Treatment • What to do if a person swallows or is poisoned by spilling the chemical on the skin • Basically First Aid • Worker Protection Procedures • Includes Reentry time (how long before a person can enter the treated area) • Also includes Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) needs for applicators
Signal Words • Represent Toxicity Levels for Humans • Danger (Tox Level IV) • Most toxic, represented by skull and crossbones • Warning (Tox Level III) • Moderately toxic • Caution (Tox Level II) • Slightly toxic • Tox Level I has no warning word, essentially harmless
Most Important Safety Rule • Read and Follow Label Directions • All other safety rules are included in this one rule
Disclaimer • The following “Trimec Classic” label is incomplete. • Use of the “Trimec Classic” label for instructional purposes does not constitute endorsement by the North Carolina Dept. of Agriculture & Consumer Services.
Active ingredients: What’s in the container? • Dimethylamine Salt of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid……….25.93% • Dimethylamine Salt of 2-(2-methyl- 4 -chlorophenoxy propionic acid)…13.85% • Dimethylamine Salt of Dicamba, 3,6 dichloro-o- anisic acid…………...………….2.76% • Inert Ingredients…………………...57.46%
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) • Found under heading “Precautionary Statements” • Indicates what PPE a mixer/loader must wear when handling the concentrated product. • Indicates what PPE an applicator must wear when using the diluted product.
PPE for using Trimec • Long-sleeved shirt • Long pants • Shoes plus socks • Chemical resistant gloves • Eye protection (safety glasses, goggles, faceshield) • Container > 1 < 5 gallons must wear coveralls
Environmental Precautions • Avoid drift or runoff since product toxic to aquatic invertebrates • Do not apply directly to water • Do not contaminate water when disposing of equipment wash-water • Do not contaminate domestic or irrigation waters • Do not apply when conditions favor drift away from target area • Observe groundwater precautions
The label is the law • “It is a violation of federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling”
What Laws? • “Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act” (FIFRA) • The North Carolina Pesticide Law of 1971 and attending Regulations. (G.S. 143 Article 52)
Storage and Disposal • “Do not contaminate water, food, or feed by storage or disposal” • Where and how to store the product ? “Store in original container in a lockedstorage area” “Keep from freezing” • Where and how to dispose of excess product? ...Use excess on a labeled site • Where and how to dispose of container? …Triple rinse (or equivalent)
Use Precautions • Specific chemical and physical hazards associated with the use of the product. • Drift and volatilization • Targets • Chemigation allowance or prohibition • Environmental conditions to avoid such as temperature and wind
Directions for Use • Labeled sites • When to apply for best results • Maximum rate per application / season • Rate of application and carriers • Application methods • Pests controlled
Chemical Label Assignment • You will use Microsoft Word or Publisher to create a realistic pesticide label. Be sure to include all of the parts listed below on your label. Your completed label should be no more than one sheet of 8x11 paper. You will have to reduce the font size to fit everything on one sheet. Layout of the label is important, use google for examples if you need to. • Brand name of pesticide • % Active ingredient(s) • EPA reg. number and establishment number • Keep Out Of The Reach Of Children • Signal word (Caution, Warning, Danger) • Precautionary statements - “Hazards to Humans and Domestic Animals “ • Statement of practical treatment • Physical and environmental hazards, including drift issues • Directions for use • Storage and disposal • Worker protection information • Manufacturer Information (Name, address, etc) • You may use the preceding slides as GUIDES for what should be on your label. • Each component of the label (12 above) is worth 5 points. Your label will also be graded for how it looks and how functional it is (10 points). The entire assignment is worth 70 points.