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Achieving Connectivity from the Edge Bob Frankston. Changing the Horse you Rode in on. Dagnabit: 15 minute vs. “reality”. So many stakeholders in the status quo! Silos are barriers to entry, you need it to be difficult! Real opportunity comes from decoupling

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dagnabit 15 minute vs reality
Dagnabit: 15 minute vs. “reality”
  • So many stakeholders in the status quo!
  • Silos are barriers to entry, you need it to be difficult!
  • Real opportunity comes from decoupling
  • You need to understand the technology to transcend it
  • The Post Office has mastered routing, why can’t we?
  • Yet we think the Internet is just another TV channel



preparing to understand
Preparing to understand
  • What is the value of a bit such as this one “1”?
  • What is the capacity of this piece of wire?
  • If you can answer these questions you don’t get it!
    • The value is in using the network, not the network itself.
    • Once you’ve defined a service you’ve locked in your assumptions.
    • Moore’s law: based on decoupling marketplaces
    • If we didn’t know better …
  • But we do – the Internet is a very effective demo!
it s so darn easy to network
It’s so darn easy to network☺☻☺☻!
  • Home Networks
    • They are not networks – just copper and radios (rarely fiber)
    • The devices use physical transports to facilitate networking
    • As a result:
      • The speed has gone from 2kbps  1Gbps, Gbps switch $50!
      • It costs very little to install and essentially nothing to operate
    • Caveat
      • It should be far easier and will be!
    • In 1995 home networking was never going happen.
      • We are supposed to be getting it via the STB n-tuple plays
    • I made sure home networks were not a profit center.
and it scales i 90 routing
And it scales “I-90” routing
  • Interconnecting neighborhoods is trivial and V1’s been done
    • We already do it the hard way – home run connectivity
    • Without path dependence all access points add to coverage
  • Distance is easy
    • My House to Boston “peering” point (AKA I-90 entrance)
    • Thence Seattle (AKA I-90 exit)
    • That’s it folks. Done. More provisioning than routing.
  • And cheap
    • We already have the copper, fiber and radios! 300× in Newton!
  • The Post Office has been routing for thousands of years!
    • They don’t confuse naming with addressing!
government vs us erment
Government vs. Userment
  • We must stakeholders, not indentured tenants.
  • Positive Sum Ownership (of the Bit Commons)
    • Nonexclusive!
    • Contribute and get even more in return (network effect)
  • Ownership at scale
    • Your home network is yours
    • Your community network is done by the community
    • Spanning connectivity may be national or global
  • Simplicity at scale
    • At the edge: Complex policy decisions about relationships
    • Avoid policy for spanning connection: Just provision
key idea 1 networking not networks
Key Idea 1: Networking not networks
  • Networking is something we do – Andy Lippmann (MIT)
    • We can use any means available
    • We can innovate in any way
  • The power of decoupling – assume relationships and paths
  • Telecom is now about little except creating billable events
    • Redundant broadband for containing bits
    • Phone companies do not create phone calls
    • Cable: 2Mbps HDTV over IP is better than over “cable”!
    • Makes promise it cannot keep – it doesn’t control the network!
  • Devices can do telephony but they aren’t telephones!
key idea 2 the opportunity dynamic
Key Idea 2: The Opportunity Dynamic
  • The Internet is about discovering what is possible
    • If you don’t rely on promises, you can’t be charged for them
    • Demand creates supply
      • If we aren’t constrained by the past perfect
      • Digital is a great facilitator
  • Telecom is about delivering only what we already have
    • Every bit has an pre-assigned value without context
    • Depends on the myth that bits and ideas are scarce!
    • We already know better!
telecom is a failed idea
Telecom is a Failed idea
  • Based on
    • The accidental properties of analog signaling
    • The notions that monopolies are smarter than markets
  • We keep it alive
    • The FCC’s Regulatorium fights reality
    • People still think phone calls come from a phone company
    • A myriad of stakeholders including many at this conference
  • Mostly ignorance
    • The idea that we can’t drive or do our own networking
    • A failure to understand the Internet beyond YouTube
    • Malthusian zero sum economics
telecom is not sustainable
Telecom is not sustainable
  • Routing is hard because it is about managing scarcity!
  • The bit commons has effectively unlimited abundance
    • The Internet is not a consumable, we create capacity
    • Network effect means commons is far greater than slivers
  • Abundance means you can’t tax services to fund transport
    • Incremental cost of email, VoIP etc is effectively zero.
  • End-to-End constraint means you can’t charge for better
    • Provider doesn’t control the path
  • It’s a canal across an ocean of bits – not a viable business!
telecom connectivity
Telecom Connectivity
  • Telecom as a Service isthe problem
    • If you fund the infrastructure out of service revenue
      • Abundance is a threat – More “Internet” less revenue
      • You have to monetize the network, not the use of the
    • Telecom defines and limits our ability to communicate!
  • It’s not about fiber, it’s about market structure
      • The service model is inherently dysfunctional.
      • Muni-bells are bells – it’s not about FTTH, it’s about opportunity!
      • Infrastructure funding aligns incentives and gives us abundance
      • Why are we fixated on speed and not connectivity?
the fcc can play a positive role
The FCC can play a positive role
  • Remove legacy barriers to local ownership
    • Recognize that we don’t need to support carriers
    • Benign neglect – don’t extend the Regulatorium
    • Remove business restrictions such as “cable content” rules
    • Understand connectivity and fund research
    • Don’t accept “Stole it fair and square”
    • Don’t give us “broadband”, give us Internet Opportunity.
  • And benign Neglect: Most problems will solve themselves
    • “Spectrum” will not have value if we have connectivity
    • Complex routing and telco control is self-defeating
    • Monetizing bits is a failed idea
we have met the enemy
We have met the enemy …
  • And it is us – Pogo
  • Example: If you have copper you have DSL 24×7
    • And 100% wireless coverage to boot
    • It’s not about speed – it’s about our lives & our ec
  • But instead we beg for more broadband
    • We mean “More of that there Internet Channel”
    • Carriers hear – more delivery pipes with a 1% tithe
    • Or they think they can monetize bits a la Genuity.
    • And we get more Bells & Muni-Bells
  • It’s not about just watching TV
    • It’s about mundane use of connectivity for our day to day lives!
the biggest problem
The Biggest Problem
  • We have a perfect usable Internet yet
    • We think it’s about YouTube
    • Cities have multiple special infrastructures and private fiber
    • They pay for phone calls and all sorts of special services
    • They have toy cable TV stations and rather than video servers
    • They don’t expect to use the abundant gigabit connectivity
    • And we are disconnected everywhere but in our own homes!!
  • Something is very very wrong.
    • We have a perfectly good Internet but we ignore it!
    • We’ve paid for it and yet think we have to pay again and again
    • We think freedom is a faster broad band.
let s stop being stupid
Let’s stop being stupid!
  • Telecom is not viable so why try so hard to preserve it
  • The infrastructure(V1) exists but is unused! Cost is <<$0
    • It’s not just a TV channel, it’s infrastructure!
  • So let’s make a deal
    • We get infrastructure and can align incentives
    • The shareholders escape with their hides and some money
    • Like Divestiture 1 but done right.
    • Like Divestiture 1 – changes happens when it must
  • Or we can deny ourselves trillion dollars in value
  • But it’s also about our lives and safety (9/11 and 911)
and on with the show
And on with the show
  • Apologies for the interruption.
  • You may now resume monetizing Ptolemy's telecom.
  • Back to the past already in progress …