Benjamin Franklin America’s Renaissance Man
SSUSH2c Identify Benjamin Franklin as a symbol of social mobility and individualism.
Key Concepts • individualism • a theory suggesting political and economic independence of the individual and stressing individual initiative, action, and interests; • social mobility • the change in an individual's social class position (upward or downward)
Enlightenment • Benjamin Franklin was a major figure in the Enlightenment. • The Enlightenment was a period of time that took scientific reasoning and applied it to human nature and society. • was a shift from God-centered thinking to human being centered
A Man of Many Talents • author and printer • politician • inventor • statesman • diplomat
Life Story • Born in January 17, 1706 in Boston Massachusetts. • Father was a candle and soap maker. • 15th of 17 children • youngest son • Benjamin went to school to become a minister. • Parents could not afford it so they pulled him out of school. • He continued with his reading. • Continued with his education until he was 10.
Life Story (continued) • Benjamin parents were Puritans. • He (just like his parents) believed that it was important to be honest and diligent, to work hard and to always try to be a good person.
Learning the Trade • He was apprenticed to his brother James at age 12 to learn the business of printing. • By 17, Ben was able to work in any print shop. • As a result, Ben was able to leave Boston and find work in Philadelphia and London.
Success as a Printer • At age 22, Ben Franklin opened his own printing office in Philadelphia. • Pennsylvania Gazette • became the most popular newspaper in the colonies. • first newspaper to print political cartoons • submitted writings regularly • Poor Richard’s Almanack
Poor Richard’s Almanack • Poor Richard was a pseudonym used by Franklin. • Poor Richard’s Almanac was wildly popular in the colonies. • The Almanac contained the calendar, weather, poems, and astronomical and astrological information.
Poor Richard’s Almanack • In the spaces that occurred between noted calendar days, Franklin included proverbial sentences about industry and frugality. • People in the colonies used almanacs for a mixture of seasonal weather forecasts, practical household hints, puzzles, and other amusements they offered.
“There will be sleeping enough in the grave.” B. Frank Quotes from Poor Richard’s Almanac • “Sleeping is forbidden!” • -Diddy
Interpret The Following Proverbs • The sleeping fox catches no poultry. • God helps them that help themselves. • Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. • There are no pains without gains.
Additional Accomplishments • Considered one of the “Founding Fathers” in American history. • signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution • First postmaster general of the United States Postal Service • Established the first fire department • Established the first insurance company