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Aggressors on the March

Aggressors on the March

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Aggressors on the March

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  1. Aggressors on the March

  2. 1931 – Japan Invades Manchuria

  3. March 9, 1935 • Hitler announces the creation of a new Air Force and begins a military draft • Army is expanded from 100,000 to 500,000 • European nations grumble, but are distracted by own problems

  4. March 7, 1935 • German troops occupy the Rhineland “demilitarized zone” • Great Britain and France respond with a policy of “Appeasement” – satisfy Hitler’s demand and he will be content = stability & peace will be maintained

  5. Invasion of Rhineland

  6. Appeasement • Britain & France allow Hitler to speed up military & territorial expansion • France & Belgium open to attack • Strengthens Hitler’s power and prestige

  7. October 1935 • With Hitler’s support, Fascist Italian dictator invades Ethiopia

  8. 1936 – The Spanish Civil War • Hitler and Mussolini assist Francisco Franco in becoming dictator of Spain

  9. Pablo Picasso’s Guernica -1937

  10. October 1936: Rome Berlin Axis • Hitler and Mussolini form a political and economic pact

  11. November 1936 Anti-Comintern Pact • Germany & Japan agree to a common front against communism

  12. Green 1933Orange 1941

  13. 1938 – Germany & Austria denounce the Treaty of Versailles • Britain and France do nothing…

  14. March 13, 1938 • Hitler annexes Austria – “Anchluss” = Union

  15. September 13, 1938 • Hitler demands the Sudetenland (German speaking NW Czechoslovakia)

  16. The Munich Conference – September 1938 • Britain, France, Italy, & Germany meet in Munich. Britain’s Neville Chamberlain caves to Hitler’s demands allowing Hitler’s troops of occupy area – peak of “Appeasement” • Hitler promises no more demands

  17. March 1939 - Czechoslovakia • Hitler invades the rest of Czechoslovakia • Demands the Port of Danzig in Poland

  18. Hitler Demands Port of Danzig

  19. August 23,1939 Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact • Hitler wants to invade Poland so offers Stalin control of eastern Poland and the Baltic states in exchange to not to attack each other – • September 1, 1939 Hitler invades Poland • Two days later Britain & France declare war on Germany

  20. Blitzkrieg

  21. Invasion of Poland

  22. Western Democracies • Fail to stop aggression • U.S. – Policy of ISOLATIONISM: avoid political ties in Europe! • 1935 – U.S. Congress passes Neutrality Acts banning loans & arms sales to nations at war