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Dezső Sima Fall 2007

Dezső Sima Fall 2007

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Dezső Sima Fall 2007

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  1. Multicore Processors (2) Dezső Sima Fall 2007 (Ver. 2.1)  Dezső Sima, 2007

  2. 10. MC repository • 10.1 Intel’s MC processors • 10.2 AMD’s MC processors • 10.3 IBM’s MC processors • 10.4 Sun’s MC processors • 10.5 Fujitsu’s MC processors • 10.6 HP’s MC processors • 10.7 RMI’s MC processors

  3. 10.1 Intel’s MC processors • 10.1.1 Dual-core mobile processor lines • 10.1.2 Dual/quad-core desktop processor lines • 10.1.3 Dual/quad-core server processor lines • 10.1.4 Dual-core Itanium processor lines

  4. 10.1 Overview Figure: The move to Intel multi-core Source: A. Loktu: Itanium 2 for Enterprise Computing http://h40132.www4.hp.com/upload/se/sv/Itanium2forenterprisecomputing.pps

  5. 10.1 Intel’s MC processors 10.1.1 Dual-core mobile processor lines • Core Duo (32-bit) Yonah Duo 65 nm 1/2006 (Pentium M based, monolithic) Merom 65 nm • Core 2 Duo (64-bit) 7/2006 (Core based, monolithic)

  6. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (1) Figure: Heritage of Intel’s Yonah Duo [1.1]

  7. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (2) Figure: Block diagram and basic floor plan of Yonah Duo [1.5]

  8. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (3) Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller Figure: Block diagram of the Yonah Duo Source: Korner R., IDF, Fall 2005, http://www.edn.com/media/IDFFall2005/Yonah/YonahArchitectureInANutshell.JPG

  9. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (4) Figure: Core Duo (Yonah Duo) with a unified 2 MB L2, consisting of 151 mtrs on a die area of 90 mm2 Source: - „Intels „Core Solo“ und „Core Duo,“ http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/hardware/prozessoren/2006/bericht_intels_core_solo_core_duo/1/

  10. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (5) Dothan 90 mm (L2: 2MB) Yonah Duo 65 nm (L2: 2 MB) (enlarged) Figure: Contrasting the die shots of Dothan and Yonah Duo [1.16] Sorce: - „Intels „Core Solo“ und „Core Duo,“ http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/hardware/prozessoren/2006/bericht_intels_core_solo_core_duo/1/

  11. 10.1.1 Core Duo line (6) Table: Main features of the dual-core mobile Core Duo (Yonah Duo) line [1.8], [1.9]

  12. 10.1.1 Core 2 Duo line (1) Figure: Block diagram of the Merom, Conroe and Woodcrest processors Source: Inkley B. and Tetrick S., „Intel Multi-core Architecture and implementations,” IDF, March 2006, http://download.intel.com/pressroom/kits/press/core2/Multicore%20MATS002%20999%20pct.pdf

  13. 10.1.1 Core 2 Duo line (2) Merom Figure: Die shot of the Merom processor (L2: 4 MB) Source: Kubicki K., „Intel 2006 Mobile CPU Roadmap Update,” Mai 2006, http://www.dailytech.com/Article.aspx?newsid=2546

  14. 10.1.1 Core 2 Duo line (3) Merom Woodcrest Conroe Figure: Contrasting the die shots of Merom, Conroe and Woodcrest Sources: Kubicki K., „Intel 2006 Mobile CPU Roadmap Update,” Mai 2006, http://www.dailytech.com/Article.aspx?newsid=2546 Hübner, T., „Intel Core 2 Duo E6700 und E6600,” July 2006, http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/hardware/prozessoren/2006/test_intel_core_2_duo_e6700/6600/1/ http://www.intelstartyourengines.com/images/Woodcrest%20Die%20Shot%202.jpg

  15. 10.1.1 Core 2 Duo line (4) Table: Main features of the dual-core mobile Core 2 Duo (Merom) line [1.8], [1.9]

  16. 10.1.2 Dual/quad-core desktop processors(monolithic) Pentium D/EE 800lines (Netburst-,Prescott-based) • Pentium D 8xx Smithfield 90 nm 5/2005 Smithfield 90 nm • Pentium EE 840 5/2005 Pentium D/EE 900 lines (Netburst-,Cedar Mill-based) • Pentium D 9xx Presler 65 nm 1/2006 Presler 65 nm • Pentium EE 955/965 1/2006 Core 2 Duolines (Core based) • Core 2 Duo E6xxx Core 65 nm 7/2006 Core 65 nm • Core 2 Duo X6xxx 7/2006 Core 2 Extremeline (Core based) • QX6700 Core 65 nm 11/2006

  17. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 800 (1) Figure: Block diagram of the Pentium D 8xx and Pentium EE 840 processors Sources: Kirsch N., „Intel Dual Core: Pentium EE Arrives,” Legit Reviews, Apr. 2005, http://www.legitreviews.com/article/184/1/ Inkley B. and Tetrick S., „Intel Multi-core Architecture and implementations,” IDF, March 2006, http://download.intel.com/pressroom/kits/press/core2/Multicore%20MATS002%20999%20pct.pdf

  18. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 800 (2) Smithfield (two modified Prescott cores on the same die) Prescott (original core) 5/2005 90 nm 2 x 103 mm2 2 x 115 mtrs L2: 2x1 MB Pentium D 8xx Pentium EE 840 2/2004 90 nm 112 mm2 125 mtrs L2: 1 MB Pentium 4 A/E/F series Pentium 4 5xx series Figure: Genealogy of the Smithfield processor

  19. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 800 (3) Smithfield die Original Prescott die (Two modified Prescott cores on the same die) 2x103 mm2/2x115 mtrs 112 mm2/125 mtrs Figure: Contrasting the original Prescott and the Smithfield dies Sources: http://www.hothardware.com/viewarticle.aspx?articleid=262 and http://www.pcper.com/article.php?aid=131&type=expert

  20. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 800 (4) Figure: Pentium D 8xx/840 (Smithfield) (Both cores are modified Prescott cores placed on the same die) Source: Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, 2006 http://www.computerlanguage.com/techweb.html

  21. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 800 (5) Series Pentium D(Smithfield) Pentium EE(Smithfield) Models 805 - 840 840 Introduced 5/20051 5/2005 Technology 90 nm 90 nm Die size 2*103 mm2 2*103 mm2 Nr. of transistors 2*115 mtrs 2*115 mtrs Microarchitekture Netburst Netburst fc [GHz] 2.67-3.2 3.2 L2 2*1 MB 2*1 MB FSB [MT/s] 533 (805) 800 (else) 800 TDP [W] 95 (920)130 (else) 130 Socket LGA775 LGA775 HT ED EIST (except 805/820) VT La Grande AMT2 1 The Pentium D 805 was introduced 12/2005 2 The Core 2 Duo 6900 is expected to be released 12/2006 Table: Main features of the dual/quad-core desktop lines [1.8], [1.9]

  22. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (1) Intel’s first 64 –bit x86 desktop processor Prescott1 (original core) Prescott 2M (L2 enhanced to 2 MB) Presler (2 x Cedar Mill) Cedar Mill (65 nm shrink) 1/2006 65 nm 2 x 81 mm2 2 x 188 mtrs Pentium D 9xx Pentium EE 955/965 1/2006 65 nm 81 mm2 188 mtrs Pentium 4 6x1 series 2/2004 90 nm 112 mm2 125 mtrs Pentium 4 A/E/F series Pentium 4 5xx series 2/2005 90 nm 135 mm2 169 mtrs Pentium 4 6x0/6x2 series Pentium 4 EE 3.73 1 The original Prescott core did not support EM64T and used an mPGA 439 socket. EM64T support was released later, about 6/2004 while changing the socket to LGA 775. Figure: Genealogy of the Presler core

  23. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (2) Figure: Block diagram of the Pentium D 9xx and Pentium EE 955/965 processors (Presler) Source: Inkley B. and Tetrick S., „Intel Multi-core Architecture and implementations,” IDF, March 2006, http://download.intel.com/pressroom/kits/press/core2/Multicore%20MATS002%20999%20pct.pdf

  24. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (3) Prescott 2M Prescott 90 nm, 112 mm2, 125 mtrs, L2 : 1 MB 90 nm, 135 mm2, 169 mtrs, L2: 2 MB Figure: Contrasting the Prescott and the Prescott 2M cores [1.6]

  25. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (4) Cedar Mill (65 nm/81 mm2/188 mtrs) Prescott 2M (90 nm/135 mm2/169 mtrs) Figure. Contrasting the Prescott and Cedar Mill dies (the latter enlarged to 90 nm) [1.6] Further source: Huynh T., „Pressler: Intel Extreme Edition 955,” Dec. 2005, http://www.sudhian.com/index.php?/articles/show/pressler_intel_extreme_edition_955_prescotts_last_hurrah/,

  26. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (5) Figure: The Pentium D 9xx (Presler) processor package Source: Chainbolt, „Intel Pentium D 920 and 955 Extreme Edition,” Febr. 2006, http://www.overclockers.com.au/article.php?id=452447

  27. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (6) 1 The Pentium D 805 was introduced 12/2005 Table: Main features of the dual/quad-core desktop lines [1.8], [1.9]

  28. 10.1.2 Pentium D/EE 900 (7) Pentium D 8xx Pentium EE 840 Pentium Core Duo Pentium D 9xx Pentium EE 955/965 (side by side arrangement) (symmetrical arrangement) (side by side arrangement) Figure: Basic layout of Intel’s first dual core processors [1.8]

  29. 10.1.2 Core 2 Duo (1) 10.1 Figure: Block diagram of the Merom, Conroe and Woodcrest processors Source: Inkley B. and Tetrick S., „Intel Multi-core Architecture and implementations,” IDF, March 2006, http://download.intel.com/pressroom/kits/press/core2/Multicore%20MATS002%20999%20pct.pdf

  30. 10.1.2 Core 2 Duo (2) Figure: Core 2 die shot and package (L2: 4 MB) Source: Hübner T., „Intel Core 2 Duo E6700 und E6600,” 2006 July, http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/hardware/prozessoren/2006/test_intel_core_2_duo_e6700_e6600/1/

  31. 10.1.2 Core 2 Duo (3) Merom Woodcrest Conroe Figure: Contrasting the die shots of Merom, Conroe and Woodcrest Sources: Kubicki K., „Intel 2006 Mobile CPU Roadmap Update,” Mai 2006, http://www.dailytech.com/Article.aspx?newsid=2546 Hübner, T., „Intel Core 2 Duo E6700 und E6600,” July 2006, http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/hardware/prozessoren/2006/test_intel_core_2_duo_e6700_e6600/1/ http://www.intelstartyourengines.com/images/Woodcrest%20Die%20Shot%202.jpg

  32. 10.1.2 Core 2 Duo (4) Table: Main features of the dual/quad-core desktop lines [1.8], [1.9] 1 The Pentium D 805 was introduced 12/2005 2 The Core 2 Duo 6900 is expected to be released 12/2006

  33. 10.1.2 Core 2 Extreme (1) Conroe (die) Kentsfield (two Conroe dies in the same package) 7/2006 65 nm 143 mm2 167/291 mtrs Core 2 Duo E 6x00 series Core2 Extrem X6x00 series 11/2006 65 nm 2 x 143 mm2 2 x 167/291 mtrs Core 2 Extrem QX6x00 series Figure: Genealogy of the Kentsfield processor [1.8]

  34. 10.1.2 Core 2 Extreme (2) Integrated Heat Spreader (to spread more heat from the dies) Figure: Intel’s Kentsfield buit up of two Conroe’s in a single package [1.8]

  35. 10.1.2 Core 2 Extreme (3) 1 The Pentium D 805 was introduced 12/2005 2 The Core 2 Duo X6900 is expected to be released 12/2006 Table: Main features of the dual/quad-core desktop lines [1.8], [1.9]