Bihar tourism Presented by:- Ratnesh Raman Pathak Roll no-B37
Gol ghar • The golghar located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna and it is built by captain John garstin in 1786. • Built for the purpose of storing grains for the British Army • It’s storage capacity is 140000 tons, it construction was completed on 20 July 1786. • Built in the native Stupa architecture, the building has a foundation of 125m, and a height of 29 m. • It is pillarless with a wall of thickness of 3.6 m at the base. • The top of the Golghar presents a wonderful panoramic view of the city and the Ganges flowing nearby.
Gol ghar • One interesting fact about the Golghar is that never in its existence has it been filled to its maximum capacity and there are no plans in future as well. The reason for this is that due to oversight while designing and construction of the Golghar, the doors were designed to open inside. Thus, if it is filled to its maximum capacity, then the doors will not open. • It creates a wonderful echo effect from inside. • Two spiraling stairways, rising from the opposing sides, reach to the top, which has a small hole at the centre (2'-7").
Takht sri patna sahib • The Gurdwara at Patna Sahib was in remembrance of the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh. • He was born there on December 22, 1666. • This Gurdwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, on the banks of Ganges river, in Patna, Bihar,in year 1839. • It is situated in one of the old quarters of Patna city, once known as KuchaFarrukh Khan, now known as Harmandir Gali. • There are five takhts are in india in which three takht are in punjab and two of them are located outside punjab.
Takht sri patna sahib • One are in patna and another in maharshtra . • It is totally builted by white marble. • Its architecture is also beautiful • Five takhts in india :-. • Takht sri harmandir sahib at Patna in Bihar. • Takht sri hazoor sahib at nanded in Maharashtra. • Akal takht at amritsar in punjab. • Keshgarh sahib at anandpur in punjab. • Sri Damdama Sahib at Talwandi Sabo Bhatinda district in punjab.
Sher-sah suri tomb sasaram
Sher-sah suri tomb sasaram • Sher sah suri tomb is a tomb situated at sasaram in rohtas district of bihar. • It was built in memory of Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri who ruled Delhi Northern India for five years, after defeating Humayun, the 2nd Mughal Emperor. • It was built between 1540-1545 with red sandstones. • Situated in the centre of a huge pond of dimension 345m X 263m. • Tomb is octagonal in shape and having a fine architecture with 122ft high dome. .
Sher-sah suri tomb sasaram • A bridge is a link to go there, entrance gate has similar but small dome. • Pond is surrounding with a garden that makes a beauty of tomb. There are many domes are attached to the tomb with different size. • So it is also known as second taj-mahal of india. • Now it is under the archeological survey of india. • The present government invest 94 crore for the development of tomb. • It about 101 km from the varanasi and 148km from patna. • So once visit there to see the beuty of tomb.
Other attraction in sasaram Hasan sah suri tomb Rohtas garh fort Rohtas garh fort
Bodh gaya • Bodhgaya is located in the central part of the state of Bihar. • The life of Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is associated with the small town of Bodhgaya. • It is one of the four holiest cities of Buddhist faith. • The Mahabodhi temple is the main attraction of this town and is located near the spot where Lord Buddha attained spiritual enlightenment. • Bodhgaya is not only an important Buddhist pilgrim center, but it is also an important center for the study of Buddhism.
Tourist attraction • The main tourist attraction in Bodhgaya is the Mahabodhi temple. • At the western side of the Mahabodhi Stupa in Bodhgaya stands the large and historic Bodhi Tree under which Shakyamuni Buddha, then known as Gautama, attained enlightenment some 2540 years ago. • The Mahabodhi Temple stands east to the Bodhi Tree. Its architectural effect is superb. its basement is 48 square feet and it rises in the form of a slender pyramid, till it reaches its neck, which is cylindrical in shape. The total height of the temple is 170 feet and on the top of the temple are Chatras which symbolise sovereignty of religion. • Except these vajrasana,ancientrailing,chankramana,animeshlochan,ratnagar,lotustank,are also there and increases the beuty of bodhgaya.
Mahabodhi temple 80 feet high statue
How to reach ? • Air: The nearest airport is at Gaya 7 Kms and Patna 135 kms. Indian Airlines and Sahara Airlines connect Patna to Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Ranchi, Lucknow and various other cities. • Rail: The nearest railway station is Gaya (17km). • Road:Bodhgaya is well connected by road to Gaya (17km), Nalanda (101 km), Rajgir (78 km), Patna (135km), Varanasi (252 km), Calcutta (495km) • Local Transport: Taxis, Tongas, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws are available. • Bus : Regular direct bus services are available from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna- Bodhgaya route twice a day.
What to see? Mahabodhi tree museum
Nalanda university • Nalanda is the name of an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India. • It was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 to 1197 CE. • Nalanda was one of the world's first residential universities in indian state of bihar. • It was the first international university in india. • In this first residential international university of the world, 2,000 teachers and 10,000 monks students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied here. • Nalanda had eight separate compounds and ten temples, along with many other meditation halls and classrooms. • The library was located in a nine storied building where meticulous copies of texts were produced. The subjects taught at Nalanda University covered every field of learning, and it attracted pupils and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey.
Nalanda university • This university was established by kumargupt in 450th BC and burnt by a turk ruler bakhtiyarkhalji in 12th century. • And again it’s remains was discovered by alexenderkaningham and its ruins are founded in 14hectare in which all building was constructed by red sandstones. • There are so many remains of buddha and mahavira statue are present here in the nalanda museum. • The temple no 3 is the main temple of the university,from which you can see all the university and this temple are surrounded by small stupa which contains buddha statue in different style. • There is a museum,in which you can see the coins of 12thcentury,copperplate,burnt rice and books and different types of budhha statue.
Nalanda university Ruins of the nalanda university
What to see? and How to reach? • Nalanda University Ruins Archaeological Complex. • Nalanda Archaeological Museum. • Nava NalandaMahavihara. • How to reach? • Air: The nearest airport is at Patna 89 km. Indian Airlines connect Patna to Calcutta, Ranchi, Bombay, Delhi and Lucknow. • Rail: Though Rajgir (12 km) is the nearest railway station to Nalanda yet the nearest convenient rail head is at Gaya 95 km. • Road:Nalanda is connected by good road with Rajgir 12 km, Bodh Gaya 110 km, Gaya 95 km, Patna 90 km, Pawapuri 26 km, Bihar Sharif 13 km etc. • Local Transport: There are no taxis available in Nalanda. Cycle rickshaws and tongas are the only modes of transport.
Nalanda university bill • The Nalanda University Bill, 2010, will establish a central university in Nalanda district of Bihar, on the lines of the ancient university which was founded there in 5th century AD and became a centre of learning for students from across South Asia. • the bill was being introduced by the ministry as 16 other countries are partnering in the re-establishment of the university. • “The name and motto of the university will be decided by the group of mentors, an international architecture competition will be held for finalising the design of the university. • the re-built university will focus on Buddhist studies, philosophy and comparative religions, historical studies, international relations and peace studies, business Management in relation to public policy and development studies, languages and literature and ecology and environmental studies.
Other attraction in bihar • Sonepurmela(asia’s largest cattle fair). • Pawapuri-Jalmandir and Samosharan are two beautiful temples here of exquisite architecture built in white marble. • Rajgir- The hill town of Rajgir, surrounded by seven hills is in the midst of lush green forest. • Mahatma gandhisetu- it is the longest river bridge in India over the ganga river.
Gandhi setu Jalmandir Shantistupa Sonepurmela
Tourist record Refrence :-www.bstdc.bih.nic.in/ www.bihar.gov.in www.rohtas.bih.nic.in Thank you