Deanne A. Bafford Inferring Reading Component Project Not Just Guessing
Quotes about Inferring to Get Students TALKING!!! “Reading is important- read between the lines. Don’t swallow everything.” -Gwendolyn Brooks, poet “It’s the stuff between the lines, the empty space between those lines which is interesting.” -Robert Carlyle, actor “What I like in a good author isn’t what he says, but what he whispers.” -Logan P. Smith, essayist “You can’t tell a good story without having some kind of theme, something to say between the lines.” --Robert Wise, filmmaker “Guessing what the pitcher is going to throw is 80% of being a successful hitter. The other 20% is just execution.” -Hank Aaron, baseball player
What is INFERRING??? Lesson Idea to Teach INFERRING • Merging your schema with an evidence-based guess. • An interpretation based on evidence and prior knowledge • Thinking and searching the text & sometimes using personal knowledge to construct meaning beyond what is literally stated (http://reading.ecb.org/teacher/inferring/index.html) Click to see inferring lesson idea!
InferringThinking Stems (Chart to be made while presenting Mystery neighbor lesson) -My guess… -Maybe… -Perhaps… -It could be that… -I predict… -I infer… Schema +Evidence Inference
Other Anchor Charts… • To organize thinking about INFERRING and as a way to students to REMEMBER that to make an inference, they must cite evidence, just like any good detective! a dose of SCHEMA + EVIDENCE INFERENCE a piece of a solid background knowledge text clues inference BK+TC=I
Literature to help teach INFERENCE… • Any wordless picture books from authors such as: • David Wiesner & IstvanBanyai • Poetry that is easy to understand at an elementary level such as “Things” from Honey, I Love and other Love Poemsby Eloise Greenfield
Music to help teach INFERENCE… • “Cats in the Cradle” Harry Chapin • “Day Is Done” Peter, Paul, and Mary • “Halley Came to Jackson” Mary Chapin Carpenter • “The Best Gift” Barbra Streisand • “The Climb” Miley Cyrus • “The Luckiest” Ben Folds • “Daniel” Elton John
Teacher Resources to help teach INFERENCE… • Cunningham, A & Shagoury, R. (2005). Starting With Comprehension. Portland, ME: Stenhouse. • [See ch. 6] • Harvey, S & Goudvis, A. (2000). Strategies that Work. Portland, ME: Stenhouse. • [See ch. 8] • Harvey, S & Goudvis, A. (2005). The Comprehension Toolkit. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. • [See Strategy Book 4] • Miller, Debbie. (2002). Reading With Meaning. Portland, ME: Stenhouse. • [See ch. 8] • Zimmerman, S & Hutchins, C. (2003). 7 Keys to Comprehension. New York: Three Rivers • [See ch. 5]
References • McGregor, Tanny. (2007). Comprehension Connections Bridges to Strategic Reading. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.