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1914-1918 US ENTERS 1917 PowerPoint Presentation
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1914-1918 US ENTERS 1917

1914-1918 US ENTERS 1917

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1914-1918 US ENTERS 1917

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  1. WORLD WAR ONE THE GREAT WARTHE WAR TO END ALL WARS 1914-1918 US ENTERS 1917

  2. IMPERIALISM—LAND, COLONIES, MARKETS MILITARISM- ARMS BUILDUP A. USE MILITARY THREAT , NOT MEDIATION NATIONALISM- NATION COMES FIRST A. LEADS TO SELFISH INTERESTS RATHER THAN COOPERATION ISMS OF WW1

  3. WIB WAR INDUSTRIES BOARD (1917) A. INCREASED WAR TIME PRODUCTION 20% B. “WAR IS GOOD GOR THE ECONOMY” IDEA TAKES HOLD C. NATIONALIZED BUSINESSES VITAL TO WAR INDUSTRIES D. DISTRIBUTED NATURAL RESOURCES TO WAR INDUSTRIES WORLD WAR 1 HOME FRONT

  4. voluntary rationing Meatless days Gasless sundays Victory gardens food shipments for war tripled sacrifices GOSPEL OF THE CLEAN PLATE

  5. Anti- immigrant hysteria Germans targeted a. Tarred & feathered b. Whipped c. fired sauerkraut= liberty cabbage dachshunds = liberty dogs Civil liberties attacked

  6. War bonds/ Liberty bonds ( 22 billion ) a. Propaganda used extensively b. Taxes raised (11 billion) Committee on Public Information a. led by George Creel b. 4 minute men ( speeches) c. Printed 60 million leaflets d. Usa’s first foray into org. propaganda Selling the war

  7. WW1 PROPAGANDA POSTERS

  8. Sedition = treason 10k fine\ 20 year prison term for ?????? disloyalty to war effort (vague and broad) ILLEGAL TO: Say anything against the war / violates 1st amendment Evade the draft 6,000 arrests / 25% conviction rate Espionage and sedition acts

  9. GREAT BRITAIN- STRONGEST POWER SUN NEVER SETS ON THE BRITISH EMPIRE STRONGEST NAVY GERMANY STRONGEST ARMY MOST INDUSTRIALIZED NAVAL BUILDUP TO COMPETE W/ G. BRITAIN KEY EUROPEAN NATIONS

  10. TRIPLE ENTENTE CENTRAL POWERS 1. GREAT BRITAIN 1. GERMANY 2,FRANCE 2. AUST. HUNGARY 3. RUSSIA 3. ITALY ALLIANCE SYSTEM No Mans land

  11. 6-28-1914 ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND SHOT HEIR TO THRONE IN AUSTRIA HUNGARY A.H. DECLARES WAR ON SERBIA ALLIANCE SYSTEM COMMITS MAJOR POWERS TO WAR TRIGGER OF WW1 ASSASSINATION

  12. WAR SOON BOGS DOWN INTO TRENCH WARFARE EG 1STBATTLE OF THE SOMME : STARTS 7-16 ENDS 11-16 THE FRONT LINE MOVES A TOTAL OF 7 MILES 1.2 MILLION LIVES LOST COMES TO SYMBOLIZE WW1 FUTILITY TRENCH WARFARE LASTED 3 YEARS ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT

  13. WAR IS ‘OVER THERE” NOT OUR WAR PUBLIC OPINION DIVIDED MOST COME TO FAVOR ALLIED SIDE 200% MORE TRADE W/ ALLIEDS US HAS LABOR SHORTAGE DUE TO WAR SONG LYRIC I DIDN’T RAISE MY BOY TO BE A SOLDIER BROUGHT HIM UP TO BE MY PRIDE AND JOY WHO DARES PLACE A GUN ON HIS SHOULDER JUST TO SHOOT SOME OTHER MOTHER’S DARLIN BOY? AMERICAN NEUTRALITY

  14. DEVASTATING NAVAL BLOCKADE USUALLY RESERVED FOR WAR CONTRABAND GR BRITAIN BLOCKADES FOOD AND FERTILIZER LEADS TO FAMINE /STARVATION 750K 750K STARVE TO DEATH GERMAN RESPONSE A SUBMARINE WARFARE MINE THE NORTH SEA ATTACK ANY SHIP TO GREAT BRITAIN BRITISH BLOCKADE

  15. LUSITANIA MAY 7 1915 LUXURY LINER TORPEDOED 128 AMERICANS AMONG DEAD SHIP CARRYING MUNITIONS TO ENGLAND ( GERMANY WITHIN RIGHT) ZIMMERMAN NOTE INTERCEPTED / LEAKED TO PRESS GERMANY ASKS MEXICO TO ATTACK USA GERMANY WILL RETURN AZ, TEX. NEW MEX. TO MEXICO AMERICA EDGES CLOSER TO WAR

  16. 1st modern war Mechanized warfare (tank + airplanes) Big Bertha - huge cannon 1 ton shell /75 miles Zeppelins gas filled airship/ designed to drop bombs in enemy territory Machine gun most deadly weapon 600 rounds per minute = 40 riflemen New weapons / technologies

  17. Poison gas (usually chlorine) Terrified Allied soldiers Blindness suffocation Advanced weapons led to trench warfare Weapons /technology BIG BERTHA Machine gun

  18. GERMANY EXHAUSTED ; WAR MACHINE DONE collapse LOW MORALE DESERTATIONS NO DECISIVE BATTLES WON OR LOST POIGNANT QUOTE ABOUT WW1 IN PARTICULAR END OF WAR

  19. 11TH HOUR, 11TH DAY 11TH MONTH NOV 11TH, 11AM, 1918 WAR IS OVER TREATY OF VERSAILLES OFFICIALLY ENDS WAR LEADS TO MANY NEGATIVES, INCLUDING RISE OF ADOLF HITLER “THEY LOST, WE DIDN’T WIN” BRITISH SOLDIER

  20. 33 BILLION IN WAR REPARATIONS STRIPPED OF ALL COLONIES 9 NEW NATIONS CREATED REDUCED GERMAN ARMY TO 110K MEN WAR GUILT CLAUSE ---- GERMANY’S FAULT PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES