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Managing Safety Beyond OSHA Compliance. Harold Gribow, MS, CSP, ARM. Introduction. We've been managing safety according to OSHA regulations for about 40 years In the late 1960's - estimates showed over 14,000 occupational fatalities So how are we doing now?.

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managing safety beyond osha compliance

Managing Safety Beyond OSHA Compliance

Harold Gribow, MS, CSP, ARM

  • We've been managing safety according to OSHA regulations for about 40 years
  • In the late 1960's - estimates showed over 14,000 occupational fatalities
  • So how are we doing now?

US Occupational Fatalities – 2010P

Number of Fatalities – 4,547 (4,551)

Transportation – 1,766 (1,795)

Violence – 808 (837)

Contact with objects or equipment – 732 (741) (struck by or caught in/between)

Falls – 635 (645)

Fires/Explosions – 187 (113)

Electrical – 163 (170)

Arizona Occupational Fatalities – 2010P

Number of Fatalities – 75 (76)

Transportation – 27 (32)

Violence – 24 (10)

Falls – 9 (11)

Contact with objects or equipment – 8 (12)

Harmful substances or environment - 7 (5)

(Electrical – at least 3)

  • Research indicates benefits to companies who establish effective worker safety and health programs:
    • Reduction in fatalities
    • Reduction in the extent and severity of work-related injuries and illnesses
    • Improved employee morale
    • Higher productivity
    • Reduced workers’ compensation costs
exemplary workplaces
Exemplary Workplaces
  • Common characteristics of effective safety and health programs:
    • Assignment of responsibility to managers, supervisors, and workers
    • Regular inspections to control hazards
    • Employee training and orientation for the recognition and avoidance of hazards
    • Rewards that make safe behavior desirable
safety and health program guidelines
Safety and HealthProgram Guidelines
  • As the size of the workplace increases so does the need for a formalized written program
  • But, the program effectiveness is more important than “In Writing”
  • OSHA published "Voluntary Safety and Health Management Guidelines"
safety and health program guidelines1
Safety and Health Program Guidelines
  • The Guidelines go beyond specific requirements of the law to focus on all hazards including behavioral hazards of people
  • The following elements are taken from the ‘Safety and Health Voluntary Guidelines - 1989’

Elements of an Effective

Safety and Health Program

  • Management Leadership and Employee Involvement
  • Worksite Analysis
  • Hazard Prevention and Control
  • Safety and Health Training

Element #1

Management Commitment

and Employee Involvement

  • Management Commitment
    • Motivating force and resources
    • Safety and health is a fundamental value
  • Employee Involvement
    • Workers develop and express their own commitment to safety and health, for themselves and fellow workers
management commitment
Management Commitment
  • Safety and health policy statement
  • Clear program goals and objectives, and reinforcement of success
  • Visible involvement from management
  • Leadership
  • Motivation
management commitment1
Management Commitment
  • Assigns safety and health responsibilities
  • Provides adequate authority to responsible personnel
  • Holds managers, supervisors and employees accountable for meeting their responsibilities
  • Provides reinforcement for safe behavior
  • “What gets measured is what gets done”
  • Dan Petersen, Ed.D., P.E., CSP
  • Safety Management – A Human Approach
employee involvement
Employee Involvement
  • Management commitment and employee involvement complement one another
  • Management provides the motivating force and resources for safety and health programs
  • Employee involvement provides workers opportunities to develop and express their own commitment to the safety and health program
  • Employees will work toward a goal that satisfies their needs (Abraham Maslow - Motivation and Personality, 1954)
employee involvement1
Employee Involvement
  • Active role for employees:
    • Workplace inspections
    • Hazard analysis
    • Development of safe work rules
    • Training of co-workers & new hires

Element #2

Worksite Analysis

  • Involves 5 major actions:
    • Comprehensive survey of facility
    • Analyses of planned changes
    • Routine job hazard analyses (JHA)
    • Regular site safety inspections
    • Accident and "near hit" investigations

Element #3

Hazard Prevention and Control

  • Systems used to eliminate or control hazards include:
    • Engineering controls
    • Administrative controls
    • Work practice controls
    • Personal protective equipment
  • Emergency planning
  • Medical programs including first aid and emergency care
  • Early Return to Work programs

Element #4

Safety and Health Training

  • Types of training include:
    • Orientation training
    • Hazard recognition training
    • Training required by OSHA standards
    • Emergency response training
    • Accident investigation training
  • see OSHA 2254 - Training Requirements in
  • OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines

Safety and Health Training

  • Orientation training
    • Training required by OSHA Standards before an employee is assigned to work
      • Hazard Communication
      • Employee emergency or fire plans
      • Personal Protective Equipment
      • Control of Hazardous Energy
      • Powered Industrial Trucks
      • Electrical Safe Work Practices

Safety and Health Training

  • Hazard recognition training
    • All employees must be trained to work safely in all hazardous work areas

Safety and Health Training

  • Training required by OSHA standards
    • Occupational health
    • Fall protection
    • Excavations
    • Work-zone safety
    • Machine guarding
    • Flammable and combustible liquids
    • Fire extinguishers
    • Bloodborne pathogens
    • Etc., etc., etc….

Safety and Health Training

  • Emergency response training
    • Alarm systems
    • Evacuation vs. shelter-in-place
    • Fighting fires
    • Spills and releases
    • Emergency services
      • Medical
      • Fire

Safety and Health Training

  • Accident investigation training
    • What incidents to report
    • When to report injuries or illnesses
    • How to report
    • Who will take the report
    • The accident investigation process

Safety and Health Training

  • Emergency drill training
    • Fire drills
    • Other disaster drills
    • Security breaches
regulatory concerns
Regulatory Concerns
  • OSHA’s Most Frequently Cited
    • Hazard Communication
    • Fall protection
    • Machine guarding
    • Excavations
    • Scaffolds
    • Powered Industrial Trucks
    • Ladders
    • Personal Protective Equipment
    • Recordkeeping (OSHA 300)
    • Training documentation
the benefits of a successful safety health program
The Benefits of a Successful Safety & Health Program
  • Employee morale is improved
  • Trained workers remain on the job
  • The business remains as efficient as ever
  • Business profitability is unaffected by injury costs and the impact of uninsured costs of accidents
  • OSHA citation costs are minimized
beyond all the regulations
Beyond all the Regulations...
  • We all need to actively care...
  • Actively caring behavior in an organization increases directly with the number of employees (including managers) who view their coworkers as "family"

E. Scott Geller, Ph.D.,

People-Based Safety The Source, 2005

Questions ?

Thank you for your attention