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Rhode Island 1636 founded on religious toleration

Rhode Island 1636 founded on religious toleration

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Rhode Island 1636 founded on religious toleration

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  1. Rhode Island 1636founded on religious toleration • Roger Williams banished from MA (1635) • 1st place people could worship freely • Wrong to take land from Natives without pay

  2. Maryland, 1634Catholic refuge • Safe haven for Catholics • Protestants soon outnumbered them • Act of Toleration (1649) – freedom of worship for C & P…failed (1692)

  3. Pennsylvania, 1682William Penn’s Holy Experiment • William Penn~ Quaker • Quakers (aka “Friends”) ~ Protestant group of dissenters • Everyone had an “inner light” • Everyone was equal (no aristocracy, slavery) • Tolerant of other rel. views • Pacifists • Good relations with Natives

  4. Georgia, 1733clean living is next to Godliness • Oglethorpe wanted his settlers to be hardworking, sober & Protestant • Didn’t work (no rum, no slaves, land limits)

  5. The Great Awakening, 1720s – 1760s • Religious revival • George Whitefield & Jonathan Edwards (ministers) • Caused by a general spiritual “dryness” • Looked like: an emotional fervor, tent revivals, traveling preachers

  6. The Great Awakening, 1720s – 1760s • Impact: • Creation of new churches (Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians) • Emphasis on education (NE colonies) • Encouraged belief that all people were equal before God (new ideas about democracy) • Willingness to question established political authority (the King) • Sense of American unity before Revolution