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The Italian Renaissance: 1400-1600 * a cultural and educational awakening * artists, humanists, thinkers The Age of Explorations: 1490-1600 * an economic transformation * opening up of science Dominant Institution in Medieval Europe: CHURCH The Protestant Reformation: 1517-1555

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slide1

The Italian Renaissance: 1400-1600

* a cultural and educational awakening

* artists, humanists, thinkers

The Age of Explorations: 1490-1600

* an economic transformation

* opening up of science

Dominant Institution in Medieval Europe:

CHURCH

The Protestant Reformation: 1517-1555

* a religious revolution

slide2

Reformation

Protestants

Challenging authority:

The Dominant Institution: the Church

Don’t even think about it here at AHS!

slide3

Protestant Reformation

Medieval Church----

slide4

A Religious Revolution:

Why Now?

Influence of the Renaissance/Crusades---

Problems within the Church--

slide6

Causes of the Reformation?

  • Church corruption
  • Development of personal devotions  suspicion of clergy
  • Greed of secular leaders  1/3 of Europe  church land
  • Papal need for money  indulgences
  • Printing Press
slide8

The Holy Roman Empire in the 16c

“Why did the Reformation begin in theGermanies?”

slide11

Protestant Reformation

Indulgences:

Reactions to Wealth/Corruption----

Christian Humanists---

Martin Luther---- 95 Theses, 1517

See statements 40-45

Doctrinal Disputes

“priesthood of all believers”

Bible vs. Church as authority

Corruption of Church

Diet of Worms- 1521

Peasants’ War– 1524-1525

slide14

Freedom

equality

‘Murica!

What ideas form the basis of the United States of America?

Individualism!

A Challenge of authority

slide15

A= European

Pope

Cardinals

Archbishop

Bishops

Priests

Laity

Protest is a movement from Model A to Model B

How could we translate Model B to be “modern?”

Egalitarian (equal)

B= __________

to

Clergy Laity

slide22

Other Reformers---

Anabaptists:

John Calvin:

John Knox:

King Henry VIII:

slide23

Anglicans Calvinists Anabaptists

Pgs. 396-399

Bullet point unique

features of each

Denomination

7-10 points

Complete map but

also include:

Lutherans

Catholics

Orthodox

(use pg. 399)

slide26

The Anabaptists

Dutch persecution of Anabaptists (Mennonites)

slide30

Council of Trent- 1545-1555

  • Indulgences-----
  • 2) Luther and “Lutherans”-------
  • 3)Authority------
  • CHURCH SOVEREIGN
  • 4) Establishment of Jesuits----
  • Ignatius of Loyola
    • a.
    • b.
    • c.
slide31

Prominent Jesuit Colleges—

Georgetown, Creighton, Xavier, Marquette, Holy Cross, Boston College, Fordham, Gonzaga

slide32

Impact of 1400-1600 Era in European History

Age of Exploration

Renaissance

Reformation

How did each contribute to the shift from:

Medieval to Modern

Give Examples for Each