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Australia. Landing in the Kimberley region. Land of the Aborigines. c.1920 scarification. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CG-CNqOhO2c.

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Australia

Australia

Landing in the Kimberley region

Land of the Aborigines

c.1920

scarification

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CG-CNqOhO2c


Musicians from australia

The Little River Band, The Bee Gees, Nick Cave, INXS, AC/DC, Midnight Oil, silverchair, and, yes, Kylie Minogue are Australia's most famous music exports. Live music is common in Australian pubs, with Melbourne now hosting the liveliest scene.

Musicians from Australia


Food from australia
Food from Australia Midnight Oil, silverchair, and, yes, Kylie Minogue are Australia's most famous music exports. Live music is common in Australian pubs, with Melbourne now hosting the liveliest scene.

Vegemite is made from leftover brewers' yeast extract (a by-product of beer manufacture) and various vegetable and spice additives. It is very dark reddish-brown, almost black, filled with Vit B. It's thick like peanut butter, but it’s very salty. Australian children are brought up on Vegemite from the time they're babies.


Film industry

Peter Weir, Bruce Beresford, George Miller, Gillian Armstrong are all well-known Australian directors, while Mel Gibson, Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman are the country's best-known actors. The Aussie film industry is small but well-supported.

Film industry

4/16/2010 Gibson splits with girl-

friend

Russell Crowe & Family

Hollywood Walk of Fame Star

4-13-2010


Opera and australia
Opera and Australia Armstrong are all well-known Australian directors, while Mel Gibson, Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman are the country's best-known actors. The Aussie film industry is small but well-supported.

  • Dame Joan Sutherland is Australia’s best known opera star. Busy in the 1960s, she is a very famous coloratura soprano. She was recently honored at the Kennedy Center.

  • Nellie Melba (as in Melba toast and Peach Melba) from Melbourne, get it, get it?, was the world’s biggest opera star at the beginning of the 20th century


Nellie melba
Nellie Melba Armstrong are all well-known Australian directors, while Mel Gibson, Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman are the country's best-known actors. The Aussie film industry is small but well-supported.

  • THE prima donna at Covent Garden in London during the 1910s and 1920s


Current topics
Current topics….. Armstrong are all well-known Australian directors, while Mel Gibson, Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman are the country's best-known actors. The Aussie film industry is small but well-supported.

  • Film: Rabbit Proof Fence

  • Sisters Molly Kelly (d. January 2004, at age 86) and Daisy Kadibil, 79, are the central attractions of a tourist boom in their remote Pilbara community being fuelled by the success of a small-budget film telling their story from seven decades ago.


Australia

The film tells the true story of a 2000km journey by the pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book, Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence.

The young trio walked home to Jigalong from the Moore River settlement where they had been forcibly taken by the government in the 1930s


Australia s stolen generation 2009
Australia’s Stolen Generation 2009 pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book,

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3TZOGpG6cM

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hp5w1Zp0-vQ


A second film about aborigines
A second film about Aborigines pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book,

  • Where the Green Ants Dream--1984

  • a slow paced, very interesting view of a sacred space and its destruction by modern developments of a mining company

  • Tells of an Aboriginal tribe's struggle to save their sacred grounds from encroaching civilization.

  • They believe that man's so-called reality is no more than the dream of a strange insect indigenous to the Australian continent.


Books
Books pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book,

  • Dreamkeepers (1994)

  • A Spiritual Journey into Aboriginal Australia by Harvey Arden

  • The Songlines (1987)

    By Bruce Chatwin

1940-1989


Australia

Australian Aboriginal culture pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book,

  • can claim to be the oldest continuous living culture on the planet

  • Aboriginal presence in Australia has been traced to at least 40,000 years BP. Some of the evidence points to dates over 60,000 years old.


Australia

Aborigines land pair and their cousin Gracie, as chronicled by Molly's daughter Doris Pilkington in her book,

The Kimberley region of Western Australia is one of the world's last great wilderness areas. It has one of the fastest population growth rates in Australia, yet has fewer people per square kilometer than almost any other place on earth.

Kununurra Australia weather



Australia

Some Aboriginal tribes from the beginning”

  • Ewamian Muddie

  • Girramiy Jittabul

  • Dunjgar Gunninggurr

  • Jidinji

  • Birri-Gubba

  • Kuku Yalanji


Australia

Hallmark of culture from the beginning”

  • The hallmark of Aboriginal culture is oneness with nature.

  • In traditional Aboriginal belief systems, nature and landscape are comparable in importance to the Bible in Christian culture.

  • Prominent rocks, canyons, rivers, waterfalls, islands, beaches and other natural features - as well as sun, moon, visible stars and animals - have their own stories of creation and inter-connectedness.


Australia

Belief system from the beginning”

  • To the traditional Aborigine they are all sacred: environment is the essence of Australian Aboriginal godliness.

  • Out of this deep reverence for nature Aborigines learned to live in remarkable harmony with the land and its animals.


Dreamtime
Dreamtime from the beginning”

  • This term is most often used to mean the time before time…or the time of the creation of all things


Dreaming
Dreaming from the beginning”

  • often used to refer to an individual's or group's set of beliefs or spirituality

  • 'Ancestor Spirits' came to Earth in human and other forms and the land, the plants and animals were given their form as we know them today.

  • These Spirits also established relationships between groups and individuals


Dreaming beliefs
Dreaming beliefs from the beginning”

  • Where they traveled across the land or came to a halt, they created rivers, hills, other landmarks. There are often stories attached to these places.

  • Once their work was done, the Ancestor Spirits changed again; into animals or stars or hills or other objects


Dreaming con t
Dreaming, con’t. from the beginning”

  • The Ancestor Spirits and their powers have not gone, they are present in the forms into which they changed at the end of the 'Dreamtime' or 'Dreaming.

  • For Indigenous Australians, the past is still alive and vital today and will remain so into the future.


Dreaming con t1
Dreaming con’t from the beginning”

  • Stories are handed down from generation to generation

  • responsible for topographical features which can still be seen

  • responsible for living creatures which are present in rites performed

  • responsible for structured society whose codes are still observed


And more
And more…. from the beginning”

  • After the creation of all of that, the powers either sank into the earth or water or rose up into the sky to form constellations and stars

  • The powers can fluctuate between human or animal forms, so you see distortion of these images sometimes


Supernatural communication
Supernatural communication from the beginning”

  • Belief that communication does exist between powers of The Dreaming and people of the present

  • Signs show this…. such as a rainbow. That is evidence that the Rainbow Serpent has been busy.

  • Paranormal experiences of dream and trance are another sign.


Creativity
Creativity? from the beginning”

  • Creativity is attributed ONLY to the powers of creation. People don’t create the forms, but receive and reproduce them.

  • This is not unlike the Native American belief of unraveling what’s already in the universe.


People and relationships
People and relationships from the beginning”

  • In Aboriginal society, people are related by an extremely complex system to one another, to places, and to animals, birds, or insect species.


Music
MUSIC from the beginning”

  • In music, there are

  • rites of life

  • rites of death

  • rites of passage (ages and stages)


Rites of death
Rites of Death from the beginning”

  • Major position in Aboriginal society

  • death is considered to be the result of sorcery

  • often brought about by “singing” a person

  • that is, performing a poison song against someone

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7qHJ1b7nGw

  • (funeral in Arnhem Land)


Australia

Subtleties of the music from the beginning”

  • May seem to be the same, but there are subtle variations

  • Rhythm, harmony and musical expression vary

  • The texts vary, of course


Australia

Brolga ceremony from the beginning”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh2g3Rzcxp8&mode=related&search=


Music is primarily vocal
Music is primarily vocal from the beginning”

  • Most instruments are percussive

  • Sticks, boomerangs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qahSU4RYblY, bark bundles struck on the palm

  • Bullroarer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NvNR9Xo8z3M

  • hollow log drums

  • body slapping and clapping

  • hissing, calls, growls, grunts, shouts


Song types
Song types from the beginning”

Wonga:

didjeridu

clapsticks

singing by one or more songmen who set the rhythm

http://www2.wou.edu:7777/pls/wou2/jukebox.juk_pub.view_tracks?ptrack_id=21970&pcd_id=3244&pcd_num=1

Djunba:

no didjeridu

men and women singing harmonies

men play clap sticks

women clap

http://www2.wou.edu:7777/pls/wou2/jukebox.juk_pub.view_tracks?ptrack_id=21999&pcd_id=3244&pcd_num=1


Traditional
traditional from the beginning”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_6eSvlau2o&mode=related&search=


Didjeridu
Didjeridu from the beginning”

  • Most distinctive and typically Aboriginal/Australian instrument

  • made of a tree branch that was hollowed out by termites

  • piece of bamboo

  • any hollow tube (PVC pipe)

  • 1.5 meters long or so

  • 3 cm diameter at the mouthpiece



Didjeridu con t
Didjeridu con’t from the beginning”

  • Decorated with designs, either carved or painted or both

  • EXTRAORDINARILY difficult to play well…

  • Sing and blow at the same time, then can alter the fundamental pitch

  • use circular breathing


Australia

Graham Wiggins from the beginning”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwCE-4sbUMo


Australia

What did you learn from the aboriginal masters and how has it changed your own personal sound?

I had to learn a whole different way of holding

my mouth and producing the sound on the instrument

in order to imitate their style. It was philosophically important just on a musical level because I discovered that for them the circular breathing is not something that's primarily to do with keeping a note going for a long time.

For them circular breathing is how you create the rhythm, the basic in and out cycle of the breath, the circular breathing cycle creates the rhythmic phrasing of the music.


Australia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4o0140IHd8 it changed your own personal sound?


Australia

Q. What do you call a boomerang that won’t come back ? it changed your own personal sound?

A. A stick