Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed). Chapter 13 Expressed Emotion James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers. Experienced Emotion. The ingredients of emotion. Expressed Emotion. People more speedily detect an angry face than a happy one (Ohman, 2001a).
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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 13 Expressed Emotion James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
Experienced Emotion • The ingredients of emotion
Expressed Emotion • People more speedily detect an angry face than a happy one (Ohman, 2001a)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/surveys/smiles/index.shtmlhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/surveys/smiles/index.shtml • Firm handshake = outgoing expressive personality • Prolonged, mutual eye gazing = love • Suppressing emotion = poor memory • Anger is most readily detectable (around the eyes)
Nonverbal Communication • Happiness is read mostly around the mouth • Introverts are better at reading others • Extroverts are easier to read • Experience can make us more aware of emotions
16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Number of expressions Women Men Sad Happy Scary Film Type Expressed Emotion • Gender and expressiveness
Gender, Emotion and Nonverbal Behavior • Women are usually better at reading emotions, spotting lies, and real romantic couples • Women have greater emotional responsiveness • small gender gap in empathy, but women express it more • Observers can pick out someone’s gender with no clues • Women are better at expressing happy • Men are better at expressing anger
Experienced Emotion • Infants’ naturally occurring emotions
Detection and computing Emotion • Inner part of the brow lifted = distress or worry • Brows pulled together = fear • Activated muscle cheek and under eyes = smile • Feigned smiles last longer and are switched on/off faster • Lying: long pauses, fast talking, hesitating, fewer illustrations • Training can help detect lies with 86% accuracy • We show our opinion of people through clues • There is a movement to study thin for dating, jobs, etc. • Missing in text messages and e-mail = “flame war”
Experienced Emotion • The Amygdala--a neural key to fear learning
Expressed Emotion • Culturally universal expressions
Cultural and Emotion Expression • Differences • Hand signs • Exclamations • Personal space • Communal cultures rarely express negative emotions • Communal culture express more sympathy, respect, and shame • Similarities • Emotions in facial expressions • Even those born blind have same expressions • Its believed to have aided communication before speak • We smile when we face others • Angry face in frightening situation = fear • Fearful face in painful situation = pain • Surprise = raised brows and widen eyes to take in more information