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What is ELD?

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What is ELD?. English Language Development. “ is distinguished from other types of instruction, e.g., math, science, or social science, in that the content of ELD emphasizes the English language itself.” The content of an ELD classroom will contain: Reading Writing Listening Speaking

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English Language Development

“is distinguished from other types of instruction, e.g., math, science, or social science, in that the content of ELD emphasizes the English language itself.”

The content of an ELD classroom will contain:

  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary

(SEI Models of the Arizona English Language Learner Task Force, June 15, 2007)

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ELD is ……
  • NOTa math lesson
  • NOT a science lesson
  • NOT a social studies lesson
  • NOT optional in an SEI classroom
eld components
ELD Components

Phonology:

Speech, sounds

Pragmatics

How you use

language

Morphology:

Parts of words, verb tenses

Semantics:

Meaning of words or sentences

Vocabulary

Syntax:

Grammar, sentence structure, language rules

Lexicon:

Collection of words you know

phonology
Phonology
  • Studies the SOUND patterns of a specific language
  • Phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages
  • An important part of phonology is studying which sounds are distinctive units within a language - in English, for example, /r/ and /l/ are distinctive units of sound

Beginning Sound Final Sound

lock rock roll roar

phonology lessons will center on
Phonology lessons will center on…
  • Hearing: physical demonstration. Discrimination exercises e.g., ship or sheep
  • Which vowel sounds occur in: “it”, “bit”, “eat”, “fit”, “feet”, “seat”, “sit”
  • Production. Physically making sounds
  • Expanded contexts
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Phonology lessons(cont.)
  • Students require steady practice and muscle training.
  • Pronunciation is a motor skill that needs practice.
  • Differences in sound systems have a phonological basis: they depend on variation in speech organ positions or breath control.
morphology
Morphology
  • The study of meaningful units of language and how they are combined to form words
  • Parts of words; adding affixes to change base words
  • Verb tenses
  • Word families
syntax
Syntax
  • The grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
  • Focuses on the form of language not meaning
  • The rules that govern the structure of sentences
  • Horizontal flow L  R
  • Sentences have an underlying structure that can be

manipulated

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Syntactic Hierarchy

(from smaller to larger units)

Text

Sentence (clause) A red apple

fell out of a tree.

Phrase a red apple

Word apple

Phoneme /ăp/ /ple/

lexicon
Lexicon
  • The collection of words you know
  • Lexicon organizes the mental vocabulary in a speaker's mind
  • Word list, dictionary, glossary

Dolch list

High frequency word list

Fry Word List

semantics
Semantics

The study of meaning in a language

Lexicon + Semantics = Vocabulary

I like friendly dogs.

love

adore

puppies

canines

pooches

ad