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Note Cards

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  1. Note Cards Sven Phillips

  2. Music:1:S:1 • Music has power to influence • Cultures can be better understood by listening to their music • Muslims thought music is the sound of a friend • Music affects the soul • Music considered a blessing

  3. Islam and Music:1:S:1-2 • Chanting of Qur’an perceived as music • Not considered music to Muslims • Word “music” has limited use in Muslim world • In Muslim world, music is very difficult to make out • Things that are considered music are written in the Shari’ah • Many classifications of allowance in the Shari’ah

  4. Non-Musiqa:1:S:2 • Chanting is non-musiqa • Qira’ah is chanting of sacred text • Adhan is the call to prayer (also chanted) • Tahil is chanting about the hajj (songs) • Madih, na’t, tahmidwhich all deal with prophet (songs) • Chanting of poetry • ALL CONSIDERED NON-MUSIC TO MUSLIMS • Considered music to rest of the world

  5. Musiqa Legitimate:1:S:3 • Muslims encourage music for family occasions • Family Celebration is category of music • Occupational music (deals with professions) is category of music • Singing while working • Military music is category of music • Helped to instill courage and perserverence in battle

  6. Musiqa and Controversial:1:S:3 • Many controversial music categories in Islamic religion • Many types of Muslim music that is Islamic is considered a type of classical music • Music that was Muslim and has migrated and become something different

  7. Musicqa and Illegiimate: 1: S:3 • -Music that would arouse lower passions was banned • -Not all music was banned • -The difference of what music is and is not is very complicated

  8. Arab Music From M.E.:1:S:6 • -Arab musicians influenced from other lands • -Adapted music from conquered lands • -To Muslims, Western music is needlessly complicated

  9. Musiqa and Islam: 1: S: 4 • -Legality of music in Islam remains in a haze • -Islamic songs that are considered music are almost always about god

  10. Musical Instruments of Arab World:1:S:6 • -Oud: like a guitar • -Duff: tamborine • Durbekkah: Like a drum • Rabab: Looks like a banjo, played with a bow • Nay: Like a flute • Qanun: like a harp

  11. Durbekkah:1:S:7 • Percussion instrument • Stretched animal skin creates drum head • Hour-glass shaped drum • High or low pitch can be made depending on where the drum is struck

  12. Qanun:1:S:8 • Qanun very popular • Made of flat-board in shape of trapezoid • 72 strings (3 per note) • Plucked • Like a hand-held piano

  13. Duff:1:S:7 • Framed drum or tambourine • Pairs of metal disks in frame • Struck with hand • Drum and bell sound

  14. Nay:1:S:7 • AKA shepard’s flute • Made from open tube of sugar cane • 6-7 finger holes • Wind instrument

  15. Rabab:1:S:7 • Type of fiddle • One or two strings • Usually accompanied by a singer

  16. Oud:1:S:8 • Made of inlaid wood • 10-12 strings • Plucked with a quill • Grandfather of guitar

  17. M.E. Melodies:2:S:186 • Highly intricate • Textures include: solo, unison, accompanied and many more • Harmony rarely used • Features microtones • Muslim music relies on melodic modes of maqamat

  18. M.E. Instruments:2:S:186 • Muslim musicians developed many instruments • Islamic music heavily uses string instruments • Muslim music also relies on wind instruments

  19. Music of Islam:3:S: • Beautiful sound such as chanting are a part of Islam • Not considered music though • Recitations of Koran sound like music • Folk music derived from caravans as well as fishermen and sailors • Arab musicians studied music of conquered lands