Projects in Yellow River Station 2014. Yang Yang , Chinese Arctic & Antarctic Administration NySMAC Arctic Science Summit Week 2014 Helsinki, Finland, April 7 th , 2014. 19 programs for 2014. Section1 : Glaciers related programs(4) Section2 : ecosystem monitoring programs(5)
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Yang Yang, Chinese Arctic & Antarctic Administration
Arctic Science Summit Week 2014
Helsinki, Finland, April 7th, 2014
(1) Regular monitoring and studies of glaciers AustreLovénbreen and Pedersenbreen
(2) Glacier investigation using aerial remote sensing system for micro-unmanned aerial vehicles and Autonomous GPS near China Arctic Yellow-river station
two micro-unmanned aerial vehicles
one electricity powered, one petrol powered
one set of ejection rack
a. Satellite tracking station maintain
b. GPR measurement: carry out the ground-based penetrating radar measurement on the glaciers near Arctic Yellow River station, using 100/50/25MHz antennas
(4)The comprehensive continuous observations of glacier ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elements
net radiation sensor will be used to record upward/downward long wave and shortwave radiation and albedo.
The atmospheric temperature, humidity, ice/snow surface temperature and snow depth will also be measured at the same time.
including :Biological community structure and diversity investigation at near-shore marine, land soil and freshwater lakes
Land ecosystem investigation that includes Physical-chemical properties and Heavy metal content of soil;
culturable microorganisms and microorganism diversity investigation
Physical-chemical properties of ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elementsnear shore marine, land soil, freshwater lakes and atmosphere.
Organic pollutants and Heavy Metal at atmosphere, water, soil and organisms
Perform a continuous observation (with a sampling interval at 2-4 days) at a station in the Bayelva River, which located under the bridge
The biodiversity of Arctic benthos will be investigated, not only fishes, but also including polychaete, isopods, sponge.
Collect of new Arctic marine invertebrates as new material for developing new medicine
The closed chamber for collecting air will be set inside bird sanctuary and is in need of permission.
Will visit the Norwegian Polar Research Institute
and set another four vegetation monitoring sites in Longyearbyen
1 gases fluxes and enzyme activity in high-latitude Arctic tundra
(2) The improvement of resources library for radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic
In order to construct a perfect resources library for radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic, lichen samples will be collected in Longyearbyen and Ny-Ålesund, and their mycobionts and photobionts will be isolated in the laboratory in the Yellow River Station
plan to collect soil and floral nectar samples from the established plant quadrats around Ny-Ålesund, bird island and Longyearbyen. The phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) pattern, CLPPs and pyrosequence of samples collected from plant quadrats will be analyzed.
collect environmental samples (e.g., soil, sediment) and biota samples for chiral organic chlorinated compounds for obtaining possible source and differentiated environmental behaviors
（1）Annual Arctic Yellow River Station Atmosphere, Space Environment Observation
a. A fluxgate magnetometer installation at KHO station
b. Yellow River station imaging riometer maintenance
c. Aurora over-wintering observation
The study of characteristics of ionospheres’ scintillations and irregularities over the Yellow River Station
Upgrade and maintenance of Ionospheres' Scintillation and TEC measurement system
do observation of 557.7nm and 630nm emission of airglow and aurora in Chinese Yellow River station with All-Sky FPI((Fabry-Perot Interferometer) to deduce the 90-250km altitude atmosphere wind velocity with the observation data
Interviewing with the local office of The Ny-Ålesund Science Managers Committee (NySMAC)
Understanding detail about the management rules and operational situations of the international scientific activities
Interview scientists for further understanding the international cooperation and the relation between scientific research project and the apply to the Arctic governance