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Projects in Yellow River Station 2014. Yang Yang , Chinese Arctic & Antarctic Administration NySMAC Arctic Science Summit Week 2014 Helsinki, Finland, April 7 th , 2014. 19 programs for 2014. Section1 : Glaciers related programs(4) Section2 : ecosystem monitoring programs(5)

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Projects in yellow river station 2014

Projects in Yellow River Station 2014

Yang Yang, Chinese Arctic & Antarctic Administration

NySMAC

Arctic Science Summit Week 2014

Helsinki, Finland, April 7th, 2014


19 programs for 2014
19 programs for 2014

  • Section1 : Glaciers related programs(4)

  • Section2 : ecosystem monitoring programs(5)

  • Section 3: programs based on Vegetation Monitoring site (quadrats related )(5)

  • Section 4: Atmosphere, Space Environment Observation(3)

  • Section 5: management (2)

  • Totally 46 personnel


Section1 glaciers related programs
Section1 : Glaciers related programs

(1) Regular monitoring and studies of glaciers AustreLovénbreen and Pedersenbreen

(2) Glacier investigation using aerial remote sensing system for micro-unmanned aerial vehicles and Autonomous GPS near China Arctic Yellow-river station

two micro-unmanned aerial vehicles

one electricity powered, one petrol powered

one set of ejection rack


  • for taking picures be used for DEM production, landform interpretation, and analysis of glacier flow dynamics at AustreLovénbreen, Pedersenbreen & Kongsvegen


(3) Satellite tracking station maintain and GPR measurement

a. Satellite tracking station maintain

b. GPR measurement: carry out the ground-based penetrating radar measurement on the glaciers near Arctic Yellow River station, using 100/50/25MHz antennas


(4)The comprehensive continuous observations of glacier ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elements

atAustreLovenbreen

net radiation sensor will be used to record upward/downward long wave and shortwave radiation and albedo.

The atmospheric temperature, humidity, ice/snow surface temperature and snow depth will also be measured at the same time.


Section2 ecosystem monitoring programs
Section2 : ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elementsEcosystem monitoring programs

  • (1) Investigation of ecosystem and environment at Yellow River Station area in 2014

    including :Biological community structure and diversity investigation at near-shore marine, land soil and freshwater lakes

    Land ecosystem investigation that includes Physical-chemical properties and Heavy metal content of soil;

    culturable microorganisms and microorganism diversity investigation


Physical-chemical properties of ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elementsnear shore marine, land soil, freshwater lakes and atmosphere.

Organic pollutants and Heavy Metal at atmosphere, water, soil and organisms


  • (2) ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elementsDistribution of trace iron and organic matters in the Bayelva River and its adjacent Kongsfjorden in different months

  • Organic and inorganic chemistry investigation to the Bayelva river and Kings Bay

  • Continuous observation at the Bayelva River

    Perform a continuous observation (with a sampling interval at 2-4 days) at a station in the Bayelva River, which located under the bridge


  • (3) ice/snow radiation and ocean-atmosphere elementsPlanktonic ciliate community monitoring in Kongsfjorden at Yellow River Station area in 2014




Section 3 programs based on vegetation monitoring site quadrats related
Section 3: gases fluxes and enzyme activity in high-latitude Arctic tundra Programs based on Vegetation Monitoring site (quadrats related )

  • (1) Observation of vegetation quadrats and environments in Ny-Ålesund and Longyearbyen

    Will visit the Norwegian Polar Research Institute

    and set another four vegetation monitoring sites in Longyearbyen


1 gases fluxes and enzyme activity in high-latitude Arctic tundra

2

4

3

3’

4’


(2) The improvement of resources library for radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic

In order to construct a perfect resources library for radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic, lichen samples will be collected in Longyearbyen and Ny-Ålesund, and their mycobionts and photobionts will be isolated in the laboratory in the Yellow River Station


  • radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic3)Study on the diversity of protease-producing bacteria and Trichoderma fungi in areas of Ny-Ålesund and Longyearbyen

  • (4)The Influence of Arctic Tern and Floral Nectar on Microbial Community Composition in Arctic Plant Quadrats

    plan to collect soil and floral nectar samples from the established plant quadrats around Ny-Ålesund, bird island and Longyearbyen. The phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) pattern, CLPPs and pyrosequence of samples collected from plant quadrats will be analyzed.


  • radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic5)The Investigation of Chiral Organic Chlorinated Compounds

    collect environmental samples (e.g., soil, sediment) and biota samples for chiral organic chlorinated compounds for obtaining possible source and differentiated environmental behaviors


Section 4 atmosphere space environment observation
Section 4: Atmosphere, Space Environment Observation radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic

(1)Annual Arctic Yellow River Station Atmosphere, Space Environment Observation

a. A fluxgate magnetometer installation at KHO station

b. Yellow River station imaging riometer maintenance

c. Aurora over-wintering observation


  • (2) Ionospheres' observation radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic

    The study of characteristics of ionospheres’ scintillations and irregularities over the Yellow River Station

    Upgrade and maintenance of Ionospheres' Scintillation and TEC measurement system


  • (3) high altitude atmosphere wind measurement by FPI radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic

    do observation of 557.7nm and 630nm emission of airglow and aurora in Chinese Yellow River station with All-Sky FPI((Fabry-Perot Interferometer) to deduce the 90-250km altitude atmosphere wind velocity with the observation data


Section 5 management
Section 5: management radiation-resistant lichen species from the Arctic

  • (1) On-site investigation for the Application of Technical specification for Chinese polar environmental research and assessment project

  • Through conducting on-site investigation, supervision and inspection


  • (2) Observation on the management environmental protection and scientific activities in Ny-Ålesund

    Interviewing with the local office of The Ny-Ålesund Science Managers Committee (NySMAC)

    Understanding detail about the management rules and operational situations of the international scientific activities

    Interview scientists for further understanding the international cooperation and the relation between scientific research project and the apply to the Arctic governance


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