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Will Big Brother Be Watching YOU?. Opening Thoughts The Overarching Question Goal Introduction Task Resources Process Evaluation Conclusion Standards Citations Teacher Notes. A WebQuest for Grade 12 Relating 1984 to Today’s Schools Designed by Barbara J. Moore

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will big brother be watching you
Will Big Brother Be Watching YOU?

Opening Thoughts

The Overarching Question

Goal

Introduction

Task

Resources

Process

Evaluation

Conclusion

Standards

Citations

Teacher Notes

A WebQuest for Grade 12

Relating 1984 to Today’s Schools

Designed by Barbara J. Moore

b_moore@minster.k12.oh.us

EDTL 695 - Summer 2008

Creating WebQuests for the K-12 Classroom

Based on a template from The WebQuest Page

opening thoughts
Opening Thoughts
  • Erich Fromm concludes his afterword to 1984 with the following words:
  • “Orwell, like the authors of the other negative utopias, is not a prophet of disaster. He wants to warn and to awaken us. . . . Books like Orwell’s are powerful warnings, and it would be most unfortunate if the reader smugly interpreted 1984 as another description of Stalinist barbarism, and if he does not see that it means us, too.”
the overarching question
The Overarching Question

Having read George Orwell’s 1984, students are now ready to examine its warning and see if it applies to modern society—the world in which they live. If they could stop Big Brother before he starts watching, would they? Here and now, in their school? Or, would they choose to invite him in?

slide4
Goal
  • In order to examine the relevance of Orwell’s famous satire to their time and lives, students will peruse current events articles on the Web, answer questions, and prepare a PowerPoint project for presentation.
introduction
Introduction
  • You have been selected by the Board of Education to serve on the Electronic Surveillance Exploratory Committee. Your task is to explore current trends and practices in school electronic surveillance, weigh the advantages and disadvantages of a high school electronic surveillance system, and prepare a recommendation to the Board regarding possible adoption of a surveillance system for our high school.
slide6
Task
  • Your committee will consist of four members, each representing a highly valued segment of our community. The four of you will collaborate in researching the Web in order to provide the Board with current information and ideas about electronic surveillance systems in high schools.
  • You have been provided with preliminary questions and suggested websites. After perusing the websites and compiling answers to the questions, you will create a PowerPoint presentation for the next Board meeting. The meeting is expected to be well attended by members of the community. Some individuals have already expressed support for modernizing our school’s technology; others have raised questions about whether any electronic surveillance in our schools would be an “Orwellian” intrusion. Please be prepared to address these concerns, answer questions, and provide honest opinions. Above all, be prepared to support your position on this question: Should our school implement an electronic surveillance system?
resources
Resources
  • These instructions
  • Your copy of 1984
  • Computer with Internet access and PowerPoint software, available both in class and outside of class
  • The websites listed at the end of these instructions under “Citations”
  • Your fellow committee members
  • Your willingness to plan ahead and collaborate for the good of yourself and others
process
Process
  • Your committee consists of four members, each representing a highly valued segment of our community. (You may select your position or draw lots.)
  • Student: You will be sure to consider the interests and concerns regarding electronic surveillance from a student’s point of view.
  • Administrator: You will be sure to consider the interests and concerns of staff members, principals, and superintendent.
  • Parent: You will be sure to consider the interests and concerns regarding electronic surveillance from a parent’s point of view.
  • Vendor: You are a local technology expert and a professional salesperson; you would like to sell electronic surveillance equipment to the school. Be sure to bring your interests and concerns to the discussions.
process continued
Process, continued
  • After determining roles, work together with your fellow committee members to answer all of the following six questions. Suggested websites are supplied for each question. Be sure, however, that each member seeks out the answer from his or her selected perspective: different individuals tend to see selectively and think along different lines. The Board wants to be sure all perspectives are represented in the final presentation.
  • You will be given one class period in which to meet, select roles, discuss the project, and begin working on computers . Then you will have a week to work on your own. Next, you will meet again in class to share responses and draw conclusions. You will be given several class days—or more, as long as you use your time constructively—to design your PowerPoint presentation and to practice your delivery. The project will be due three weeks from the day it was assigned.
process continued question 1
Process,continued: Question 1

What is the current trend in electronic surveillance in schools or on school property? Can you identify at least five school systems that have already installed such systems?

  • Selected websites about schools with electronic systems:
  • School district installs cameras in every class, hall http://www.cnn.com/2003/EDUCATION/08/12/classroom.cameras.ap/
  • Eye on school security: surveillance cameras http://www.wsav.com/midatlantic/sav/news/educ_.apx.-content-articles-SAV-2008-02-27-0020.html
  • Saginaw Township schools replaces bus cameras http://www.mlive.com/saginawnews/news/index.ssf/2008/06/saginaw_township_schools_repla.html
  • School security cameras go cutting edge http://www.usatoday.co/news/nation/2007-11-01-school-cameras_N.htm
  • More cameras used in school bathrooms http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/december2005/221205morecameras.htm
  • Quiet installation of cameras in Newton schools sparks debate http://www.boston.com/news/education/k_12/articles/2008/01/15/quiet_installation_of_cameras_in_newton_schools_sparks_debate/
  • Sign of times: NJ school cameras fed live to cops http://wcbstv.com/technology/surveillance.demarest.cameras.2.565939.html
process continued question 2
Process,continued: Question 2

2. What is the extent of surveillance within schools? Where are the cameras installed, and what is being seen?

  • Selected websites about what is being surveyed in schools:
  • School district installs cameras in every class, hall http://www.cnn.com/2003/EDUCATION/08/12/classroom.cameras.ap/
  • School security cameras go cutting edge http://www.usatoday.co/news/nation/2007-11-01-school-cameras_N.htm
  • More cameras used in school bathrooms http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/december2005/221205morecameras.htm
  • School removes CCTV cameras from children's toilets after furious protest from parents http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-517250/School-removes-CCTV-cameras-childrens-toilets-furious-protest-parents.html
  • Saginaw Township schools replaces bus cameras http://www.mlive.com/saginawnews/news/index.ssf/2008/06/saginaw_township_schools_repla.html
process continued question 3
Process,continued: Question 3

3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a school electronic surveillance system? Who wants surveillance and for what reasons? Who does not want it and for what reasons? Be sure you provide developed, supported, and fair responses. Quotations are encouraged!

  • Selected websites about the desirability of school surveillance:
  • Video surveillance cameras in schools -- addressing student safety and security http://www.video-surveillance-guide.com/video-surveillance-cameras-in-schools.htm
  • School district installs cameras in every class, hall http://www.cnn.com/2003/EDUCATION/08/12/classroom.cameras.ap/
  • Cameras trace students’ every movehttp://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/11/17/eveningnews/main584085.shtml
  • Sign of times: NJ school cameras fed live to cops http://wcbstv.com/technology/surveillance.demarest.cameras.2.565939.html
  • School removes CCTV camerashttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-517250/School-removes-CCTV-cameras-childrens-toilets-furious-protest-parents.html
  • Eye on school security: surveillance cameras http://www.wsav.com/midatlantic/sav/news/educ_.apx.-content-articles-SAV-2008-02-27-0020.html
  • Should we install classroom surveillance cameras to reduce discipline problems? http://www.nea.org/neatoday/0401/debate.html#no
process continued question 4
Process,continued: Question 4

What do government officials say?

According to government statistics, do many high school students face significant threats or dangers while at school?

What position do government officials outside of the school hold? Do police officers support such systems? What about the U.S. Department of Justice? How about the U.S. Department of Education?

  • Links to websites with information from government officials:
  • Indicators of school crime and safety: 2007. (Note: This hyperlink can be difficult to use; you may need to use a search engine and type the URL .) http://nces.ed.gov/programs/crimeindicators/crimeindicators2007
  • Sign of times: NJ school cameras fed live to cops http://wcbstv.com/technology/surveillance.demarest.cameras.2.565939.html
  • Video cameras in school? A look at video surveillance fromthe DOJ viewpoint. (Note: This hyperlink can be difficult to use; you may need to use a search engine and type the URL .) http://www.camerasecuritynow.com/Department_of_Justice_on_Cameras_inSchools.asp
process continued question 5
Process,continued: Question 5

5. What might the future of school surveillance systems hold beyond camera systems? Are there any schools using other surveillance systems?

  • Links to websites about advanced surveillance:
  • Students kept under surveillance at school http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/02/10/BAGG0B8I4D1.DTL&hw=students+kept+under+surveillance&sn=001&sc=1000
  • Brave new world of school security http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tfh&AN=27746710&loginpage=Login.asp&site=ehost-live
process continued question 6
Process,continued: Question 6

6. Do you consider electronic surveillance too “Orwellian” for school? As individuals and as members of this committee, do you support electronic surveillance in your school? Why or why not? What are the most important considerations affecting your decision?

process final step
Process: Final Step
  • Using the answers to the above questions as a guide, the committee members next create and deliver a PowerPoint presentation based on the responses. The presentation should be to the point, attractive, clear, and easy to read. Use your best public speaking skills. Be sure to include a list of your works cited.
evaluation
Evaluation

Visual Appeal: 10

0-4 points5-7 points8-10 points

The graphics are The graphics are The graphics are

inappropriate or appropriate but few appropriate and

nonexistent. or uninteresting; attractive. The text is

The text may be they do little to enhance easy to read. Overall,

difficult to read. the content. The text the visuals enhance

is somewhat the presentation.

or sometimes

difficult to read.

evaluation cont
Evaluation, cont.

Writing Conventions: 10

0-4 points5-7 points8-10 points

The presentation Occasional errors There are few or no

contains many errors distract the reader. errors . The overall

in spelling, grammar, The overall style language usage is

and/or punctuation. is satisfactory but mature and

The overall style is uneven. effective.

immature,

incomprehensible

or unacceptable.

evaluation cont19
Evaluation, cont.

Organization: 5

0-2 points3-4 points5 points

The content is The content is The content is

poorly organized somewhat clearly and effectively

and difficult disorganized or organized. Oral and

to follow. sometimes visual transitions or

Transitions and/or difficult to headings are easy

headings are absent follow. More to follow. The flow

or confusing. transitions or headings enhances the

are needed. Presentation.

evaluation cont20
Evaluation, cont.

Content: 45

0-19 points20-34 points35-45 points

Few or none of the questions Most of the questions are All of the questions are

are answered, answered, but some answered, and most are

most unsatisfactorily. unsatisfactorily. answered well.

There is little or no evidence It is evident that some It is evident that many

that any appropriate good resources have been resources, all appropriate,

resources have been consulted, but they are have been consulted, and

consulted and used unevenly or weakly used most have been

for support . in support. used well in support.

evaluation cont21
Evaluation, cont.

Content, cont.

Few or none of the At least three of the All four of the

required roles/ required roles/ required roles/

perspectives are perspectives are perspectives are

represented. represented although represented well.

not fully, evenly, or well.

evaluation cont22
Evaluation, cont.

Delivery: 15

0-6 points7-11 points12-15 points

Only one student Only two or three All four students

handles the oral students speak much. contribute significantly

delivery. to the delivery.

Presenters are inappro- Presenters may be Presenters are dressed

priately dressed for their appropriately dressed for appropriately for the

roles and the event. There the occasion but not for occasion and for their

is no role-play. their roles. The role-play roles. The role-play

is weak or uneven. Is engaging.

evaluation cont23
Evaluation, cont.

Delivery, cont.

Public speaking basics Public speaking basics Public speaking skills

(courtesy, volume, clarity, (courtesy, volume, clarity (courtesy, volume, clarity

eye contact, etc.) are eye contact, etc.) are eye contact, etc.) are

painfully lacking. uneven or evident and usually

underdeveloped. polished. The presenters

are prepared and

effective.

evaluation cont24
Evaluation, cont.

Citations

0-4 points5-7 points8-10 points

The presentation The presentation The presentation includes

includes few or no includes nearly all all citations and the form

citations. Form is citations even if is good to excellent.

poor. the form is rough

or incomplete.

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Congratulations! You have fulfilled your civic duty as a member of the Board of Education’s Electronic Surveillance Exploratory Committee. The Board greatly appreciates your time, effort, and input. Board members will take your opinions under serious consideration before taking any further action, if any, on this matter.
  • If you would like to view the surveillance tape made during your preparations for this project, please consult the superintendent.
ohio academic content standards for grade 12
Ohio Academic Content Standards for Grade 12
  • Reading Process: Concepts of Print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-Monitoring Strategies: 1, 2, 3
  • Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text: 3
  • Writing Applications: 2, 3, 4
  • Research: 7
  • Communication: Oral and Visual: 8
teacher notes
Teacher Notes
  • All students and the teacher should read 1984 before starting this project.
  • Students should be experienced in research practices and PowerPoint applications.
  • All listed websites were operational at the time these instructions were created. However, because the sites relate to current events, they may to go out of date or become nonfunctional at any time. Teachers should check in advance to be sure all sites are available and functional. Two hyperlinks were not always functional; nonetheless, the sites were available.
  • Teachers wishing to pursue a follow-up project may be interesting in an essay assignment: Compose an essay at least two pages in length. Discuss the relevance of Orwell’s novel 1984 to the current trend in school electronic surveillance. Here are some aspects of the issue you may wish to include in your essay: How does electronic surveillance in schools today compare with the electronic surveillance systems in Orwell’s novel 1984? Is the technology similar? Is the government involvement at all alike? Are the reasons for its existence at all alike? In the WebQuest articles you read, were any of the objections consistent with the warnings of the novel 1984? How might an aspiring Big Brother (or members of the Inner Party) make use of electronic surveillance in today’s schools? Do you believe George Orwell would object to today’s surveillance in schools? Why or why not? How relevant are his views to your decision as an individual to support (or not) electronic surveillance in your school? Be sure you include in-text citations and a works-cited page.
citations including student resources
Citations, Including Student Resources
  • Cameras trace students’ every move. (2003, November 17). CBS News. Retrieved July 14, 2008 from http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/11/17/eveningnews/main584085.shtml
  • Dow, Jay. (2007, November 12). Sign of times: NJ school cameras fed live to cops. WCBSTV.com. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://wcbstv.com/technology/surveillance.demarest.cameras.2.565939.html
  • Frank, Thomas. (2007, November 1). School security cameras go cutting edge [Electronic version]. USA Today. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.usatoday.co/news/nation/2007-11-01-school-cameras_N.htm
  • Fromm, Eric. (1977). Afterword. In 1984 by George Orwell. New York: Signet.
  • Hempel, Randi. (2008, February 7). Eye on school security: surveillance cameras. WSAV.com: On Your Side. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.wsav.com/midatlantic/sav/news/educ_.apx.-content-articles-SAV-2008-02-27-0020.html
  • Indicators of school crime and safety: 2007. (2007, December). Institute of Education Sciences: National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. [Note: Although the hyperlink does not work well, the article may be retrieved by typing the URL into a search engine.] Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/crimeindicators/crimeindicators2007
  • Jones, Alex. (2005, December 22). More cameras used in school bathrooms. Prison Planet.com. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/december2005/221205morecameras.htm
citations cont
Citations,cont.
  • Mitchel, Corey. (2008, June 10). Saginaw Township schools replaces bus cameras [Electronic version]. The Saginaw News . Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.mlive.com/saginawnews/news/index.ssf/2008/06/saginaw_township_schools_repla.html
  • Lucas, Greg. (2005, February 10). Sutter County: Students kept under surveillance at school. SFGate. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/02/10/BAGG0B8I4D1.DTL
  • Orwell, George. (1949). 1984. (1977 ed.). New York: Signet.
  • Osborn, Alice. (2005, August 17). Video surveillance cameras in schools -- addressing student safety and security. Video Surveillance Guide. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.video-surveillance-guide.com/video-surveillance-cameras-in-schools.htm
  • Quiet installation of cameras in Newton schools sparks debate [Electronic version]. The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.boston.com/news/education/k_12/articles/2008/01/15/quiet_installation_of_cameras_in_newton_schools_sparks_debate/
  • Renwick, Lucille. (2007, December). Brave new world of school security. District Profile: School District of Manatee County (Fla.). Retrieved July 14, 2008. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tfh&AN=27746710&loginpage=Login.asp&site=ehost-live
citations cont30
Citations, cont.
  • School district installs cameras in every class, hall. (2003, August 13). CNN Student News. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.cnn.com/2003/EDUCATION/08/12/classroom.cameras.ap/
  • School removes CCTV cameras from children's toilets after furious protest from parents. (2008, February 21). Mail Online. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-517250/School-removes-CCTV-cameras-childrens-toilets-furious-protest-parents.html
  • Should we install classroom surveillance cameras to reduce discipline problems? (2004, January). Neatoday. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.nea.org/neatoday/0401/debate.html#no
  • Video cameras in school? A look at video surveillance fromthe DOJ viewpoint. (n.d.). Camera Security Now. [Note: This hyperlink can be difficult to use; you may need to use a search engine and type the URL .] http://www.camerasecuritynow.com/Department_of_Justice_on_Cameras_inSchools.asp
  • Note: All graphics were obtained from PowerPoint software.