UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN STUDENT SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE ROUNDTABLE I WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2008 FORD COMMONS, DANA BUILDING MERRY WALKER, TEAM COORDINATOR AARON JAMES, FINANCE & OUTREACH COORDINATOR DANA ARNOLD, PROJECT MANAGER ZAKIYAH SAYYED, PROJECT MANAGER
Overview • Introductions • Andrew Horning, Manager of Graham Environmental Sustainability Institute • Melissa Forbes and Darshan Karwat, Founders of Student Sustainability Initiative (SSI) • SSI Team • You! (name, affiliation, interest) • Background on Sustainability • University of Michigan • History, People, Initiatives • External Benchmarking • Brainstorming
What we are and are not SSI mission statement "The mission of the Student Sustainability Initiative (SSI) is to make the University of Michigan the national leader in campus sustainability by addressing the spectrum of environmental, social, and ethical concerns arising from sustainability. SSI provides a forum for undergraduate and graduate student leaders from student government and campus environmental organizations to share ideas and create collaborative sustainability projects that benefit the UM community. SSI helps students, administrators, faculty, and staff incorporate sustainability principles into campus infrastructure and academic curriculum decisions thorough research into best practices and monitoring of U-M's progress on ongoing sustainability initiatives.”
University of Michigan Green Report Card College Sustainability Report card http://www.greenreportcard.org
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile • Governance and Administration • Curriculum and Research • Community Service and Outreach • People • Operations • Money • Energy Conservation • Transportation • Buildings
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile People Schools & Colleges Centers Institutes Degree Programs Initiatives Research BOTTOM LINE…CHAOS!!
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Governance and Administration • Staff positions: Full time Environmental Stewardship Coordinator, Full time Pollution Prevention Specialist, Full time Recycling Coordinator and Recycling Program Assistant, Half-time Sustainability Coordinator for University Housing, Full time Energy Management Liaison, (four) Full time Energy Reduction Management Engineers. • Committees/Plans: President’s Environmental Sustainability Task Force (2005), Recycling program Strategic Plan and Grounds and Waste Management Strategic Plan, U-M Housing mission and goals statements, Planet Blue, Sustainability Oversight Committee and annual program goals, Utilities Reduction Committee & Subcommittees, Alternative Energy Wind Working Committee, Annual Environmental Sustainability Report • Memberships: EPA Energy Star Partner (Partner of the Year 2004), EPA Combined Heat & Power Partner, Energy Conservation Fund, National Pollution Prevention Roundtable
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Curriculum and Research • Undergraduate Degrees (PitE)BA/BS with a Concentration in the Environment, BA/BS with a Concentration in General Biology, BA/BS with Concentrations in Geological Sciences, Earth Systems Sciences, Environmental Geosciences, Oceanography, or Earth Sciences, BA/BS in Social Science, BSE, Civil Engineering with a focus on Environmental Engineering or Hydraulics and Hydrological Engineering, BSE, Earth System Science and Engineering, BSE, Chemical Engineering with a focus on Environmental Engineering, BS, Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences with a focus on Radiological Sciences, BS, Engineering Interdisciplinary Program with focus on Urban and Regional Planning • Graduate Degrees Atmospheric and Space Sciences (AOSS), Geoscience and Remote Sensing (EECS/AOSS), Chemical Engineering (ChE), Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB), Environmental Engineering (CEE), Civil Engineering with focus on Hydraulic and Hydrologic Engineering (CEE), Environmental Health Sciences (SPH), Industrial Hygiene (SPH), Geology (GEOL), Oceanography: Marine Geology and Geochemistry (GEOL), School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE), Public Policy (SPP), Urban Planning (TCAUP), Nuclear Science (NERS) • Centers Center for Sustainable Systems (CSS), Center for the Study of Complex Systems (CSCS), Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy (CLOSUP), Center for Advancing Research & Solutions for Society (CARSS), Center for Advancing Research & Solutions for Society (CARSS), Center for Biologic Nanotechnology, Center for Risk Science and Communication (CRSC), Population Studies Center
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Curriculum and Research • Institutes The William Davidson Institute (WDI), Frederick A. and Barbara M. Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise, Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research (CILER), Michigan Memorial Phoenix Energy Institute (MMPEI), Graham Environmental Sustainability Institute (GESI) • Research Michigan Sea Grant , Spatial Land Use Change and Ecological Effects at the Urban Rural Interface, Biosphere Atmosphere Research & Training Program (BART), Sustainable Concrete Infrastructure Materials and Systems, The Antilium Project • Initiatives Urban and Regional Research Collaborative (URRC), Ecosystem Management Initiative (EMI), Environmental Justice Initiative, Minority Environmental Leadership Development Initiative (MELDI), Leadership Initiative Minority Female Environmental Faculty (LIMFEF), UM-Global Health Research and Training Initiative (UM-GHRT), International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI), Arts on Earth
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Community Service and Outreach • UM Housing Community Outreach Program • UM provides donation opportunities to local organizations when students move out of residence halls • 2006 (April 24 – April 29) the following items were collected and donated to local charity organizations: • Donation totals for 2006 totaled over 14 tons • Additional carpeting, furniture and wood donated to the public for re-use instead of land-filling • U-M hosts City of Ann Arbor Earth Day event • Works with City of Ann Arbor on new community recycling drop-off site • Set up information booths for America Recycles Day • Participate in Green Fair & Energy Fest on campus • Make gently-used and unwanted office supplies available to local non-profit organizations • Participate in national RecycleMania competition • U-M assisted the City of Ann Arbor in the development of a fluorescent light bulb and lighting ballast recycling program. • U-M development and support of Environmental Sustainability Web site
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Community Service and Outreach –Case Study • Football Stadium Recycling Program • U-M has the largest football stadium recycling program in the • country • More than 110,000 people attend each of seven football games per season • Recycling program captures paper and cardboard products and plastic drink containers each game • Additional recycling containers are located in tailgate areas • outside the stadium to capture material generated prior to kick-off • Program was implemented in 1999, data represents • materials captured and recycled during the 2005 football season
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Operations Overview Energy Conservation • Co-generation natural gas Power Plant that supplies 50% of all energy used on Campus. Uses excess steam to heat and cool buildings Saves the University more than 4 trillion Btu of energy annually Overall efficiency rate of 85%. • U-M is committed to EPA’s Energy Star and Green Lights Programs 200+ buildings spanning 19 million square feet U-M reduced energy usage >80,000,000 kWh/year Energy reduction efforts mitigate annual atmospheric emissions >128 million pounds CO2 Energy Reduction efforts save the UM $8.7 million annually • A 35 kW photovoltaic panel system was installed on the roof of the DANA Natural Resources building.
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Operations • Transportation • UM has largest alternative fuel program of any University in the U.S. • 87% of UM passenger vehicle fleet uses exclusively alternative fuel • 470 vehicles use E85 ethanol fuel • All 26 large transit coaches (buses) use Ultra-low sulfur bio-diesel fuel in • combination with Diesel Particulate Filters • 109 service trucks use Bio-diesel fuel exclusively • Six Bluebird coaches are using Biodiesel fuel w/Diesel Oxidation Catalysts • 2005: buses logged 1,115,037 miles & transported 5.19 mill passengers • U-M has 48 vanpools serving 22 cities, free to all University employees • 2005: vanpools traveled 471,210 miles
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Operations • Buildings • LEED certified engineer is involved in the review of construction documents for each new construction project on U-M campus >$5 million • U-M Sustainability Design guidelines it specifies that LEED points are only perused if project >$5 million • 2005 Dana building was Gold LEED certified by the US Green Building Council • LEED certification is being pursued for the new MOTT’s Women’s/Children’s hospital which will make it the largest LEED certified healthcare institution in the nation • Only non-LEED certified new law school in the country
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Other Programs • Other major operational programs include: • Food waste composting program (54.91 tons for FY 06) • Green purchasing initiatives and website • Mature recycling program: 3387.42 tons recycled in FY 06; includes paper, mixed containers and secondary • recycling streams • 469.86 tons of construction and demolition materials recycled in FY 06, includes: concrete, scrap wood • and scrap metal • Regulated material recycling programs: electronics (10 tons FY06), oil (1,200 gallons FY06), mercury (5,500 • thermometers), solvents (2000 gallons annually), batteries (3 tons annually), lighting ballasts (10,200 • FY06), fluorescent light bulbs (127,000 in FY06). • Waste reduction: • campus envelopes, double-sided printing & reuse of one-sided paper, chemical redistribution programs, • many chemical pollution prevention programs in research and teaching laboratories. • Vermi-composting/worm bins in offices • 1,000,000 gallon storm-water detention basin • Major storm water pollution prevention and educational programs • Over 1,000 acres of designated green space
U-M 2006 Sustainability Profile Money • Total Revenue Fiscal Year 2007: $4.6 Billion Health System and Other Clinical Activities, Net Student Tuition and Fees, Government Sponsored Program, Distributions from Investments, State Appropriations, Other Auxiliary Units, Other, Non-Government Sponsored Programs, Private Gifts Long-Term Assets • Endowment at end of Fiscal Year 2007: $7.4 Billion • Capital Assets at end of fiscal Year 2007: $3.8 Billion
U-M Environmental FootprintThe GOOD • Use of biofuels in transportation fleet Increased use of buses and van shares • Dedicated to Energy Conservation Planet Blue (60 buildings in 3 years) • 2 large new construction projects to be LEED Certified…all with the encouragement of students! Ross School of Business ($150M) Mott Hospital ($500M) Energy reduction awards: EPA Combined Heat and Power Award, EPA Energy Star Partner of the Year Award, DOE National Energy Award – Building Technology.
U-M Statistics Environmental FootprintThe BAD U-M Environmental FootprintThe BAD Overview • Transportation accounts for only 2% of UM energy use and GHG emissions Buildings account for 98% of UM energy use and GHG emissions • Planet Blue is restricted to general fund buildings Excludes over half of campus facilities (athletic, dorms, healthcare) • Current sources of energy still burn fossil fuels 24% of Energy still purchased from electricity grid – coal and nuclear Natural gas contributes to carbon emissions • LEED projects came about from student advocacy Doesn’t always work: law school and north quad No certification means no accountability to environmental standards
U-M Statistics Environmental FootprintThe UGLY U-M Environmental FootprintThe UGLY Overview In 2007 alone… • Solid Waste: 15,959 Tons • Water Use: 1,365,3467,064 gallons (17,929/person) • Water Discharge: 1,067,077,651 gallons (14,013/person) • Impervious Land Area: 530 Acres • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 260,110 MTCO2E = USD$ 260,110climate exchange value1 = USD$ 23 million - USD$ 34 million cost to civilization2 • www.chicagoclimatx.com • Stern report and Truecost consulting
The Challenge… Overview Make University of Michigan a global leader in sustainability
Our Competition Overview • Overall Top Sustainable Universities • Case Studies Harvard Business Model Oberlin Programs College of the Atlantic Zero-Emissions Duke University
Overall Top University Sustainability TopSustainability
TopSustainability Overall Top University Sustainability
Our Competition Harvard Business Model and Green Initiatives Has lead to 73% reductions in waste!!
Our Competition Harvard Business Model and Green Initiatives
Our Competition Oberlin College Programs • Adopted Anti-Sweatshop Purchasing Policy in 1999 • Bans purchasing from vendors who engage in human right abuses or poor labor practices • Student intern makes recommendations to Committee for vendors • Eco-Purchasing Committee created in 2006 • Carpet recycling program recycled 177,056 ft2 from 2003-2006 • Uses web to monitor water and energy used in dorms • Ohio’s largest solar array • Oberlin's Lewis Center is also home to a model "living machine," processes waste water through a plant- and bacteria-based filtration system
Our Competition College of the Atlantic Net-Zero • March 22, 2006 COA joins Maine's Governor's Carbon Challenge Program, agreeing to reduce carbon emissions by 50% by 2010 from 1990 emissions on a per student basis • October 6, 2006 COA will be net-zero for greenhouse gas emissions from that date forward. Trustees also commit to 100 percent reliance on renewable energy sources for all uses (not just electricity) by 2015 • October 2006 COA conducts a study of faculty, staff and student commuting as a basis for calculating carbon emissions associated with daily commuting • October 11, 2007 COA signs a project development agreement with Johnson Controls, Inc., a major international energy auditing firm, to do an energy audit and develop energy conservation measures for COA buildings. • December 17, 2007 President selects The Climate Trust as the offset provider to offset 2,488 tons of carbon emissions from Oct 1, 2006 to December 21, 2007 • December 19, 2007 Offset program becomes official, college achieves carbon neutrality
Our Competition College of the Atlantic Net-Zero "College of the Atlantic's NetZero carbon emissions plan is scientifically sound, simple to understand and straightforward to implement. It just requires a commitment to a sustainable future, and I am very proud of the trustees and the college for their leadership in setting such a strong example. Perhaps the most important aspect of this achievement is that it can be matched by any other institution in the world." - Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Our Competition Duke University SmartHouse Dorm • In 2007, Duke University opened the SmartHouse dormitory, a LEED platinum building • Duke now requires that all future construction be certified by the U.S. Green Building Council
Exceeding Competition A lot has been done, mostly due to student participation…it’s now time to exceed the competition and be the leaders and best
It’s your turn… Open Discussion Groups of 4 new people: • How would you like U-M to take the lead in campus sustainability? • What specific changes at U-M would bring about this leadership? • What actions might this group take to encourage and support these changes? • Think of 2-3 focus points, short-term and long-term goals