the illinois juvenile court act of 1899 n.
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The Illinois juvenile court act of 1899 . distinguished between neglected and delinquent juveniles established a system of probation for juveniles created a separate court system created a special set procedures for juvenile separated juveniles and adults in the correction system

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the illinois juvenile court act of 1899
The Illinois juvenile court act of 1899
  • distinguished between neglected and delinquent juveniles
  • established a system of probation for juveniles
  • created a separate court system
  • created a special set procedures for juvenile
  • separated juveniles and adults in the correction system
  • established a system of probation to assist the court system
theory poverty and social conditions lead to crime
Theory: poverty and social conditions lead to crime
  • Criminality is not inherited
  • This aimed social reform at the poor, not behavioral problems
  • Policy Reform: the "cure" was directed at a social class, not the behavior of a particular individual or group's of individuals
theory social ills are learned negative role models create negative behaviors
Theory: social ills are learned. Negative role models create negative behaviors.
  • Policy Reform: juveniles need to be separated, not incarcerated with adults.
theory parens patriae
Theory: parens patriae
  • policy Reform: the state has a moral obligation to intervene on behalf of the juveniles conditions
theory education and discipline is the way to cure juveniles
theory: education and discipline is the way to "cure" juveniles
  • Juveniles can be taught not to be a threat to society.
  • Policy Reform: juveniles should be educated as a part of their discipline
the probation officer had the ultimate authority in the juveniles case
The probation officer had the ultimate authority in the juveniles case
  • Pretrial detention
  • proceed with court proceedings
  • detain or release juvenile
  • handled case informally
  • dismiss without trial
  • the five-minute juvenile hearing
juveniles had no rights
Juveniles had no rights
  • The system was not punitive
    • it was rehabilitative
  • there was no trial
  • the trial court was oriented at conditions, not problems
  • the sentence was aimed at improving a condition. conditions do not have rights
  • no assumption of liberty
juvenile justice
Juvenile justice
  • The right to counsel
    • clarifies the judicial process
    • explores informal adjustment of the case
    • represents during the hearing
    • assists in the disposition
juvenile justice1
Juvenile justice
  • Guardian ad litem
    • a volunteer advocate
  • CASA
kent versus united states 1966
Kent versus United States (1966)
  • The Kent hearing
  • right to hearing
  • right to counsel
  • right to access court records by counsel
  • requirement of judge to state appropriateness of transfer
in re galt
In re Galt
  • Notice of charges
  • right to counsel
  • right to confront witnesses
  • privilege against self-incrimination