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The Common School Era. Massachusetts in the 1830’s Demographics Politics Economics Ideology. Demographic Changes. Settlers went from the coastal states to the interior territories Irish immigrants--settled in the northeast mainly Poor, unskilled and Catholic

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the common school era

The Common School Era

Massachusetts in the 1830’s





demographic changes
Demographic Changes
  • Settlers went from the coastal states to the interior territories
  • Irish immigrants--settled in the northeast mainly
    • Poor, unskilled and Catholic
  • Urbanization stimulated by industrialization.
    • Led to a growing gap between rich and poor
    • Increased crime
political changes
Political Changes
  • 1789 fewer than 1 in 7 could vote
  • 1824, 4 in 7 white men could vote
  • Democrat Andrew Jackson gained more power as did his party.
  • Upper class supported the Whig party.
    • Upper class was alarmed at how many “uneducated” voters there were.
    • Upper class supported education so that theses voters could make informed and educated voting decisions.
  • Transportation was a key change maker in the economy of Massachusetts
  • Transportation improvements increased people, goods and produce movement
  • Expansion of commerce centered in port cities, especially New York, Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore
  • Industrial development began in country side with cottage industries.
  • Cottage industries became factories in New England
  • Rise in commerce and industrialization presented the need for schooling
  • Early in the period, Puritanism was still influential
  • Later in period more belief in a benevolent God who created a rational universe and endowed human nature with rationality
    • New Englanders began to believe that God had given them the power for improvement
  • Prisons were built—notion to reform rather than punish
  • Hospitals for mentally ill were built
  • Youthful offender institutions were developed--Reformatories
ideology continued
Ideology continued
  • Women’s suffrage movement received support
    • Belief that God created even women with rational capacity
  • Abolitionists believed African-Americans should be free
    • Belief that all God’s creatures were equal
  • More government involvement and centralization of authority
  • Laissez Faire now meant the government should step in when necessary to assist economic development
  • Classic Liberalism spread from government to citizens now
    • Faith in human reason
    • Newton’s conception of Natural Law
    • Continuing progress
ideology continued7
Ideology continued
  • Politics, newspapers and churches became vehicles for new ideas
  • State power over education began to overpower local self-government.
  • Literacy was needed to read the Bible