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The American Civil War Some Thoughts in Survey Dr. John Robert Greene Paul J. Schupf Professor, History and Humanities Cazenovia College By Way of Introduction….. 30 th Year… Bachelor’s and Master’s, St. Bonaventure University Ph.D., Syracuse University 15 books ….articles…presentations

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the american civil war some thoughts in survey

The American Civil WarSome Thoughts in Survey

Dr. John Robert Greene

Paul J. Schupf Professor, History and Humanities

Cazenovia College

by way of introduction
By Way of Introduction…..
  • 30th Year…
  • Bachelor’s and Master’s, St. Bonaventure University
  • Ph.D., Syracuse University
  • 15 books ….articles…presentations
  • Most recent publications--Betty Ford: Candor and Courage in the White House; Profiles of an Era: The George H.W. Bush Presidency; Profiles of an Era: The Nixon/Ford Years
  • Media Pundit--Political Commentary (PBS; MSNBC; C-SPAN; NPR; Ivory Tower Half Hour)
  • Working this summer on: Profiles of an Era: The George W. Bush Presidency, and America in the 1960s
  • Chittenango, NY
1 the nation had stumbled into armed conflict gallman the north fights the civil war 12
1. “The nation had stumbled into armed conflict.” (Gallman, The North Fights the Civil War, 12)
  • The Inevitability Thesis
  • Lincoln and……
3a on to richmond lincoln s political problems and the first battle of bull run july 16 21 1861
3A.”On to Richmond,” Lincoln’s Political Problems, and the First Battle of Bull Run (July 16-21, 1861)
slide11

3e. The Apex of the Marble Man:April-December, 1862-The Seven Days Battle (July 1862)-Second Bull Run (August 30, 1862)-Antietam (September 17, 1862)-Fredericksburg (December 11-12, 1862)

a the growth of the national state or

A. The Growth of the National State…or…

…how Salmon P. Chase financed the war.

c the draft

C. The “Draft”

“Most soldiers fought because they wanted to; most who wished to avoid service probably succeeded.” (Gallman, 71)

d photographers

D. Photographers

Selected Civil War Photographs Home Page

e the emancipation proclamation

E. The Emancipation Proclamation …

…as a military measure.

f women in and by the war
F. Women in (and by) the War
  • Not Heavy industryTextiles
  • Nursing
    • Dorothea Dix
5a total war
5A. “Total War”
  • “Absolute War” (Carl von Clausewicz, On War)
  • James McPherson, Drawn With the Sword:
    • “no distinction between combatants and non-combatants”
5b 1864 grant s assessment of total war 103 the wilderness may 8 21 1864 cold harbor may 30 31 1864
5B. 1864 -Grant’s Assessment of “Total War” (103) -The Wilderness (May 8-21, 1864) -Cold Harbor (May 30-31, 1864)
6a the marble monument versus herndon s lincoln
6A. The Marble Monument versus Herndon’s Lincoln
  • William Herndon, Lincoln: The true Story of a Great Life (1888)
  • Herndon: “Politics were his life” (124)
  • Then….
  • what were his politics?
slide29
6B. Lincoln as “Grecian Tragedy” (Richard Hofstadter, The American Political tradition and the Men Who Made It, 21)
  • “The greatest of the Lincoln dramatists was Lincoln himself” (Hofstadter, 122)
6d what he was not
6D. What He was NOT.

An Abolitionist.

  • Hofstadter: “moderately hostile” to slavery (139)
  • Your View on This?
6f lincoln s ambition
6F. Lincoln’s Ambition
  • A given. BUT..…
  • …one cannot, then, be both humble and successful in politics?
6g he was a westerner
6G. He was a Westerner.
  • Just like Jackson??
  • Jacksonians—property over liberty
  • Hofstadter—Lincoln's seeing slavery as a “menace to free labor” (153)
6h the gettysburg address and lincoln s view of liberty
6H. The Gettysburg Address and Lincoln's view of Liberty
  • Garry Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg(1992)
  • Wills: “Lincoln was an artist, not just a scholar.” The Gettysburg Address (Library of Congress Exhibition)
6i reconstruction
6I. Reconstruction
  • Ten Percent Plan (1863; Lincoln)
  • Versus
  • Wade-Davis Bill (1864; Radical Republicans)
    • Lincoln Pocket Vetoes
    • …and had he lived…..?