Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education Improving Our Future by Degrees in Oklahoma’s Second Century Search and Select Funding Sources Dr. Linda Mason
June is Funding for Education Month
OUTLINE • Oklahoma and National Grantsmanship • Grant Resources • Types of Grants • Locating Grants • Categories of Resources • Formats of Information • Websites • Data Bases • NSF • CRISP • Library Resources
Search Tools • Foundation Tools • Search Engines • Grant Newsletters • Kinds of Information • Homework about the Funding Source • Understanding Guidelines • Previously Funded Grant Projects • Making Contact With the Funder • Letter of Inquiry • Letter of Intent • Phone calls • Visits
How is Oklahoma’s performance in grantsmanship? Oklahoma higher education does not have a strong history of grantsmanship, but contemporary increases are encouraging. • Oklahoma’s Federal R&D funding capture rate is low: 31st of 51 • Oklahoma ranks 37th in federal income tax payment. SOURCE – Chronicle of Higher Education 2006
Oklahoma Grantsmanship If Oklahoma were “average” - another $11 million If Oklahoma at the “top” - another $1.07 billion
Oklahoma Grantsmanship Oklahoma Sponsored Programs $ - 2008 $250,000,000 PUIs – 12% Fed PUIs – 69% students
In 2008, Oklahoma higher education shows a growing grants culture! • State Conferences: 2004 = 2; 2008 = 8 • National rank 49th to 31st • Oklahoma R&D grants - $114,872,000 to $447,000,000
Oklahoma Support Is Oklahoma’sstate support for research and development increasing? • OCAST - $42,000,000 from $10,000,000 • EPSCoR contribute $15 million for seed research projects • OSRHE contributes $5.5 million for EPSCoR research • $5.9 million for the OU diabetes and cancer centers • $2.9 million for agriculture research at the OSU Ag Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension service; • $1.2 million for research equipment at the OSU Tulsa Helmerich Advanced Technology and Research Center; • $3 million of equipment at the OSU Sensor Centers in Stillwater and Ponca City • $1.8 million to match federal goat research funds for Langston
Federal Support Is Federal support for grantsmanship increasing? • The 2009 federal budget shows an increase in some federal grant funds. • Nondefense R&D has increased 26.5% in the past 7 years. Source: Budget Boosts Physical Sciences in FY 2008, Most Other Research Down, May 2007, www.physicstoday.org
Federal Support ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) stimulus funds have increased every state agency and federal granting agency. • Science has received the highest increase through NSF, NIH, DOE, NIST
Foundation Support Is foundation grant giving increasing? • Grant makers increased giving by 8.2% between 2008 and 2009 • The number of foundations increased 35% from 2007 • Due to the market crisis, 66% of foundations may decrease gifts • 90% foundations did not decrease grants in last 3 US recessions Source: Foundation Growth and Giving Estimates, http://foundationcenter.org/
Private Support Is private giving increasing? • In 2007, there was an increase in philanthropist giving, or private grants. • Giving by corporate foundations rose by 8% in 2000 to a record $5 billion • expect decreases over 3-5 years Source: Key Facts on Corporate Foundations, The Foundation Center, http://foundationcenter.org/gainknowledge/research/nationaltrends.html;jsessionid=4RNPKRLRLTXPHTQRSI4CGXD5AAAACI2F
Private Support Private giving tends to stay stable even in economic crises - • Americans have increased their donations to charity in 39 of the past 40 years, Source: Center on Philanthropy, University of Indiana, 2008.
Private Support How Charitable Giving Has Fared in Recession Years • Source: Center on Philanthropy, University of Indiana, 2008.
Foundation & Corporate Giving • Organizations supported by granting foundations are facing a huge upswing in demand. Source - Steve Gunderson, president of the Council on Foundation, Nov. 2008 • Many large corporations are turning away solicitations for new gifts. Earnings are expected to sink as much as 50% this year amid falling oil prices. Source – Wall Street Journal, Nov. 2008
Serve America Act • The Senate bill approved 79-19 - provide volunteer programs for all ages. • Middle- and high-school students could enroll in a “Summer of Service” volunteer program and earn $500 toward college costs. • College student grants will support programs that help students do national service while they take classes. • Older Americans - Fellowships would allow those over 55 to develop individual plans for community service. Silver Scholarships and Encore Fellowships for breaking into new careers in public service. Grants of $1,000 for 500 hours of service, and the grants would be transferable to children or grandchildren. Ten percent of AmeriCorps funds would be reserved for organizations that engage those over age 55. Source –http://foundationcenter.org/
Types of Grants Types of Grants • Monetary award given by a government agency, foundation, corporation or other entity to fund a particular project • Generally given to organizations as opposed to individuals
Types of Grants Categories of Support • Special Project – new project or project with limited timeframe • Operating – running program to meet community needs • Capital/Equipment – specified amount for construction, renovation, expansion, purchase land or equipment • Endowments - planned gifts, will or trust
Basic Grant Sources What kinds of grants can I find? Government - Federal, State, Local – 26 Federal Agencies (900 programs) Foundations - Second-largest source – 900,000 Direct Corporations Philanthropists
What research and kinds of projects are actually funded? Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM) Agriculture Energy Health Social, Behavioral Educational Economic Development, Workforce Development Arts Humanities Community Development International, Globalization Professional Development
What to Look For What kinds of information should I look for? Request for Proposal (RFP) Request for Application (ROA) Grant Guidelines Grant Proposal Guidelines Previously Funded Projects Principal Investigators or Directors of Previously Funded Projects Researchers
Grant Guidelines What is in the grant guidelines? Assessing Eligibility • Eligibility • Type of organization – non-profit, higher education, 501 (c)(3), small business, minority-owned business • Geographic restrictions • Population, e.g., poverty, over 55, k-12, minority • Size of Award • Sufficient amount to complete program activities • Number of grants to be awarded • Award duration
Grant Guidelines Assessing Eligibility • Project Focus • Project complements funder’s goals and priorities • Type of Activity • Specified use of funds • Restrictions • Matching funds • Expenditure limitations • Evaluation requirements
Homework About the Funder What homework should I do about the funder? Isn’t it too time consuming? At least 2/3 of your time in: • finding the agency • investigating previous projects that the agency has funded • learning about the grant proposal requirements
Homework About the Funder Homework About the Funder Who at my institution has received funding from this funder? Who knows about this funder? What can I find from the funder’s website or a company report or a IRS Form 990?
Where Do I Look? Become familiar with your chosen grant funders. Search locally first.
Search Locally First • What companies are in my locale? Phone book, Chamber of Commerce list • What Oklahoma foundations fund what I want to do? Data bases, libraries • Who among my peers has had funding? • Where is a good model of what I want to do?
Shotgun Approach vs. Rifle Approach • Shotgun: Shoot a scatter shot and see what falls. Look for funding agencies, investigate what they fund, and apply for something from the agency. Your goals are broad enough to be modified to fit their goals. • Rifle: Take careful aim at one specific target. Look for funding agencies that fund only what you want. Search for an exact match to fund your project using your specifically stated goals.
Search Strategy • Pick the appropriate federal agency(s) • Pick 3-6 appropriate foundations • Develop relationships • Search with focus – direct to the agency or using a search engine • Constantly scan – ½ hour per day – lists, eNewsletters
Search Engines What are search engines? • a data base that you may use to find information by using key identifying terms • some free – some subscription fee • Tip: keep track of your search terms • Tip: use their key terms
Search Engines • COS – Community of Science @ www.cos.com • SPINPlus – InfoEd @ www.infoed.org • IRIS – University of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana • Funding Advantage - http://www.fcfaonline.com/ • Foundation Directory Online – http://www.fconline.fdncenter.org/ • Foundation Grants to Individuals - http://gtionline.fdncenter.org/
Search Engines Search Engines • AASCU Grant Resource Center - http://www.aascu.org/ofpopen/GRCtools.htm (Grant Data Base Search) • Grant Services – www.grantservices.com • FedBizOps - www.fedbizopps.gov/ • Charity Channel – charitychannel.com • Google – www.google.com • Good Search –www.goodsearch.com Donates 1.3 cents per search for organzations
Foundation Centers • Oklahoma City University Library – Foundation Center Cooperating Collection- http://www.okcu.edu/library/center.aspx Susan Small email@example.com(405)208-5071 • Tulsa City-County Library – Foundation Center (at Central Library http://www.tulsalibrary.org/foundation_center/ Jennifer Greb firstname.lastname@example.org (918) 596-7940 • Southeastern Oklahoma State University Kathryn Plunkettkplunkett@se.edu(580)745.2302 • Public Library of Enid and Garfield County - http://www.enid.org/library/ Michelle Mears(580) 234-6313 Source -http://foundationcenter.org/collections/ccok.html
eNewsletters What is a grant eNewsletter? All funding agencies and most foundations send eNewsletters with their grant information.
Grant eNewsletters Grant eNewsletters? • Grant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/ (weekly announcements) • Grants.gov - email@example.com • Philanthropy News Digest – www.foundationcenter.org • Philanthropy News Network Online – www.pnnonline.org • Education World Grants Desk - http://www.educationworld.com/maillist.shtml • Good Search - http://www.goodsearch.com/ (contributes to your selected charities)
Grant eNewsletters Grant eNewsletters? • Funding Alert at DC (includes some foundation grants) - http://opgd.dc.gov/opgd/lib/opgd/services/grant/funding_alerts/currentnewsletter.pdf • Chronicle of Higher Education – chronicle.com/ • Don Peek (k-12 schools) – www.schoolfundingcenter.com • Faith Based and Community Initiatives Digest – firstname.lastname@example.org • Institute for Youth Development: Federal Grants eNewsletter - email@example.com • One Source - firstname.lastname@example.org
General Grant Resources • Grant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – www.okhighered.org/grant-opps/ (click on Grant Resources) • Cleveland State University - www.csuohio.edu/uored/FUNDING/other-fs.html • National Endowment for the Arts - http://arts.endow.gov/federal.html • Grant.gov (all federal grants)- www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fedreg/frcont07.html • University of Wisconsin at Madison - http://grants.library.wisc.edu/organizations/proposalwebsites.html • AASCU Grant Resource Center - http://www.aascu.org/ofpopen/ • Council on Foundations - http://www.cof.org/ • University of South Florida - http://www.research.usf.edu/ • University of California Berkley - http://www.berkeley.edu/research/
Faith Based Grant Resources • HUD.gov – US Department of Urban Developmenthttp://portal.hud.gov/portal/page/portal/HUD/program_offices/faith_based • White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships – http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ofbnp/offices/federal
26Federal Grant Resources • Institute of Museum and Library Services - http://www.imls.gov/ • National Aeronautics and Space Administration - http://www.nasa.gov/ • National Archives and Records Administration - http://www.archives.gov/ • National Council on Disabilities - http://www.ncd.gov/ • National Endowment for the Arts - http://www.nea.gov/grants/ • National Endowment for the Humanities - http://www.neh.gov/ • National Science Foundation - http://www.nsf.gov/funding/research_edu_community.jsp • Small Business Administration - http://www.sba.gov/ • Social Security Administration - http://www.socialsecurity.gov/
26Federal Grant Resources • US Agency for International Development -http://www.usaid.gov/ • US Department of Agriculture -http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/funding.cfm • US Department of Commerce - http://www.commerce.gov • US Department of Health and Human Services -http://www.hhs.gov/ • US Department of Defense - http://www.defenselink.mil/ • US Department of Education -http://www.ed.gov/fund/grant/find/edpicks.jhtml?src=ln • US Department of Energy - http://www.energy.gov/ • US Department of Homeland Security -http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/homeland/index.html
26Federal Grant Resources • US Department of Housing and Urban Development -http://www.hud.gov/ • US Department of Interior -http://www.doi.gov/ • US Department of Justice - http://www.justice.gov/ • US Department of Labor - http://www.dol.gov/ • US Department of State - http://www.state.gov/ • US Department of Transportation - http://www.dot.gov/ • US Department of Veterans Affairs - http://www.va.gov/ • US Environmental Protection Agency - http://www.epa.gov/epahome/grants.htm • US Institute of Peace - http://www.usip.org/
Grant Resources • All Federal grants -www.grants.gov • Funders Online (Europe’s philanthropists) - www.fundersonline.org/grantseekers/ • FundsNet Online - www.fundsnetservices.com/ • Open Directory - dmoz.org/Society/Philanthropy/Grants/Grant-Making_Foundations/ • Oklahoma Foundations – www.grantmakersofoklahoma.org • Foundation Data Book (all foundations by state)- www.foundationdatabook.com/ • SSTI Weekly Digest (State Science and Technology Institute, Ohio) -http://www.ssti.org • Donorschoose.org - http://www.donorschoose.org
Grant Information Resources • Federal Register Notice -www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fedreg/frcont07.html • Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance -126.96.36.199/cfda/cfda.html • IRS Form 990 – www.grantsmart.org • Foundation Directory – foundationcenter.org
Quantitative Research Resources • U.S. Census, American FactFinder • http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en • OSRHE - http://www.okhighered.org/studies-reports/ • Oklahoma State Department of Education • http://www.schoolreportcard.org/ -- individual schools • Oklahoma Department of Commerce - http://www.okcommerce.gov/data • Oklahoma Department of Human Services - http://www.okdhs.org/library/stats/ • Community Service Council of Greater Tulsa http://www.csctulsa.org/data07.htm - Institutional Research (IR) Department • 49th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics Conference – papers from the conference, Helping in Crisis: Government Assistance in Recession and Beyond, are available at http://rockinst.org/nawrs/default.aspx • - National Center for Education Statistics -http://nces.ed.gov/ • Google Scholar -http://www.scholar.google.com • Professional Associations • National initiatives
Qualitative Research Resources • Qualitative data • Testimonies • Examples • Trends • Survey, interview or conduct focus groups with those who: • Would benefit from program • Demonstrate the types of beneficiaries to be served • Direct similar programs or efforts • Stakeholders
Research Resources Research Resources Data, Data, Data 1, 2, 3 • Statistical report • Expert opinion • Anecdote
Grant Information Sources Grant Information Sources • Annual Reports • Funder Guidelines • Agency Website • Contact the Funding Agency in person, by email, videoconference, or phone