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RO-MAN 2009 Richard Kelley What is RO-MAN? The full name is “The International Symposium on Robot-Human Interactive Communication.” A human-robot interaction (HRI) conference. This was the 18 th (a surprisingly old HRI conference).

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RO-MAN 2009

Richard Kelley

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What is RO-MAN?

  • The full name is “The International Symposium on Robot-Human Interactive Communication.”

  • A human-robot interaction (HRI) conference.

  • This was the 18th (a surprisingly old HRI conference).

    • HRI as an organized discipline is younger than everyone in this room.

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What was I doing there?

  • Talking about “Philosophical HRI”

    • More on what that means in a bit.

  • Specifically, presenting a paper on legal issues in HRI:

    • Schaerer, E.; Kelley, R. and Nicolescu, M., “Robots as Animals: A Framework for Liability and Responsibility in Human-Robot Interactions,”

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What does this have to do with HCI?

  • HRI is (in many, but not all ways) a subset of HCI.

    • Since robots are “just” computers that can sense and move.

  • Many of the ideas, methods, and results in HRI can be applied to HCI.

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But wait, what is HRI…?

  • Not just interfaces for teleoperating robots

    • But that’s a part of it…

  • Three main themes

    • Technical HRI

    • Social HRI

    • Philosophical HRI

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Technical HRI

  • Making robots that interact with people.

  • Heavy on the engineering, mathematics.

  • Example project:

    • Design a vision- and laser-based system that can observe humans and predict their intentions.

    • This was my master’s thesis.

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Social HRI

  • Studies how people actually interact with robots

  • Uses the methods of social science

    • User studies, ethnography, controlled experiments, observational studies, etc.

  • Example of an interesting social HRI question

    • “Does a robot’s use of humor have any impact on humans’ perception of the robot?”

    • This is a current project.

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Philosophical HRI

  • The promise of autonomous robots represents great potential, but also requires that we rethink much of our current social organization

  • Philosophical HRI is all about thinking (philosophically) about how individuals and society should interact with robots.

  • Areas: social organization, economics, ethics.

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And the stuff I talked about

  • The problem

    • When a robot and a human get into an accident, who gets sued?

  • The Solution

    • Robots as Animals

    • Joint works with E. Schaerer (Yale, 9th Circuit Court of Appeals)

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Robots as Animals

  • Hybrid liability regime

    • Strict products liability for manufacturers

    • Negligence for owners

      • But victim negligence can mitigate owner liability

  • Examples

    • Lawnmower

    • Car

    • Service robot

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Other neat talks…

  • Plenary Talks

  • Other cool stuff from interesting people

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Plenary Talk 1

  • Edgar Koener

    • Head of Honda Research Institute – Europe

    • Biocyberneticist

  • “Learning visually guided autonomous interaction”

  • Highlight: Robot that can learn to recognize 150 objects under arbitrary rotation and occlusion.

  • Video available – search for Edgar Koener the brain-like vision.

    • It’s an hour though…

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Plenary Talk 2

  • Henrik Lund

    • Professor, Technical University of Copenhagen

  • “Motivating Human Interaction with Playful Modular Technology”

  • Highlight: Playware blocks!

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Plenary 3

  • I missed… 

  • It was about robot temporal models.

    • This is going to be a huge area of Technical HRI though…

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Other Cool Stuff

  • Paro

    • First the video

    • Actually only kinda cool (a bit disruptive after a while)…

  • Ubiquitous Display

    • Video

  • Shopping Support Robots

    • Video

  • Nao

    • Nao Tribute to Michael Jackson

    • At RO-MAN, Nao just did Thriller and Star Wars