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PRESENTED BY. ASBESTOS HAZARD TRAINING. NAVAL SAFETY CENTER Code 45. P rivate C ontractor W ork. Command shall ensure that contractors are aware of potential hazard and shall maintain strict compliance with 29 CFR 1926.1101 Asbestos Standard. REFERENCES. 29 CFR 1910.1001

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presented by
PRESENTED BY

ASBESTOS HAZARD TRAINING

NAVAL SAFETY CENTER

Code 45

p rivate c ontractor w ork
PrivateContractorWork

Command shall ensure that

contractors are aware of

potential hazard and

shall maintain strict

compliance with 29

CFR 1926.1101

Asbestos Standard.

references
REFERENCES

29 CFR 1910.1001

&

29 CFR 1926.1101

OPNAVINST 5100.23D

asbestos policy
ASBESTOS POLICY

The substitution of asbestos with

non-asbestos materials.

The use of engineering,

administrative controls &

personal protective equipment

where substitution is not possible.

NAVY

what is asbestos
WHAT IS ASBESTOS?

Widely used, mineral based

material

Resistant to heat & corrosive

chemicals

Fibers may range from coarse

to silky

areas where asbestos can be found
Areas Where Asbestos Can Be Found
  • * Suspended ceiling tiles
  • * Thickening agents in paints
          • * Exterior siding shingles
          • * Fireproof drapes and curtains
          • * Vinyl flooring and mastic (glue)
          • * Friction products (brake &
          • clutch facings)
          • * Reinforcing materials (cement pipe &
          • sheet materials)
          • * Primary insulation and lagging material
          • for high temperature machinery,
          • boilers, and piping
exposure limits
Exposure Limits

Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)

0.1 Fibers per cubic centimeter of air calculated as an 8 hour

time weighted average (TWA)

exposure.

Excursion Limit (EL)

1 Fiber per cubic centimeter

averaged over a 30 minute

sampling period.

PEL

EL

e xceeding e xposure l imits
Exceeding Exposure Limits

If potential over-exposure exist, it is

necessary to begin air monitoring,

employee training, and medical

surveillance.

Naval personnel known to have been exposed to airborne concentration above the PEL shall be notified in writing of the exposure 5 days after the finding.

asbestos containing material
Asbestos Containing Material

Friable Asbestos - Reduced to

powder by hand pressure when

dry.

Non-Friable Asbestos - Usually

found bonded into other materials.

Definition: Friability - the likelihood

that fibers will break loose and become

airborne.

sources of damage resulting in fiber release
Sources of Damage Resulting in Fiber Release
  • Chemical spills, leaks or fumes
  • Fans and blowers
  • Exposure to elements
  • Vibration
  • Impact from other objects
  • Drilling
h ow asbestos enters the b ody
HowAsbestos Enters The Body
  • By INHALATION
  • By INGESTION
  • In the body, asbestos fibers
  • can become embedded in the
  • tissues of the respiratory tract or
  • the digestive system. There have
  • been cases of 20-40 years of latency
  • before malignancy appears. 3 distinct
  • diseases can be caused by inhalation or
  • ingestion. They are:
mesothelioma
MESOTHELIOMA

A rare malignant tumor of the lung

membrane which lines the chest and

abdominal cavity.

asbestosis
ASBESTOSIS

A progressively restrictive fibrosis of

the lung and is recognized as a

disabling and fatal occupational

disease.

Definition:

FIBROSIS - A condition marked by the

increase of connective, fibrous tissue.

b ronchial l ung c ancer
BRONCHIAL LUNG CANCER

Malignant tumor of the bronchial tubes,

this disease is more common than the

following two.

health hazards of asbestos and tobacco
Health Hazards of Asbestos and Tobacco

Asbestos workers who smoke

have a 50 times greater

chance of getting lung

cancer than those who

do not smoke.

working with asbestos
Working with Asbestos

ASBESTOS WHEN:

HANDLED

MIXED

APPLIED

REMOVED

CUT SCORED

SHALL BE WORKED IN

A WET STATE SUFFIC-

IENT TO PREVENT

EMISSION OF AIR-

BORNE FIBERS IN

EXCESS OF PEL.

working with asbestos cont d e mployees w orking with a sbestos shall not
Working with Asbestos (cont'd)Employees Working with Asbestos Shall Not:

Eat / Drink

Chew tobacco

Chew gum

Smoke

Apply cosmetics

IN THE WORK AREA.

m edical s urveillance p rogram
MedicalSurveillanceProgram
  • All Naval personnel upon assignment to a work activity involving potential exposure to asbestos shall have a medical evaluation. The evaluation shall be performed prior to the assignment and shall include the
  • following:
m edical s urveillance p rogram cont d
Medical Surveillance Program cont'd
  • Occupational and medical history detailing prior
  • exposure to potentially harmful respiratory hazards
  • Chest examination
  • Posterior/anterior chest X-ray
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • including forced expiratory
  • volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity
  • (FVC)
p eriodic and t ermination e valuations
Periodic and Termination Evaluations

A medical evaluation equal to the pre-placement

evaluation shall be conducted in accordance with the medical surveillance schedule:

Years since first Age of Employee

asbestos exposure 15-35 35-45 45+

0 - 10 Every 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs

10+ Every 5 yrs 2 yrs 1 yr

p hysicians w ritten o pinion
Physicians Written Opinion
  • Opinion concerning any detected medical condition that
  • would place the employee at an increased risk due to
  • exposure to asbestos.
  • Any recommendation for limitations on the
  • employee or upon the use of protective
  • equipment.
  • Astatement that the employee has been
  • informed by the physician of the results of the evaluation and of any medical conditions resulting from asbestos exposure that require further explanation or treatment.
  • The signed opinion will be placed in the employees health record
  • and copies provided to the employee and the employee's command
  • within 30 days of the evaluation.
medical records
Medical Records

All personnel who are included in the

asbestos medical surveillance program

shall have the exterior of their health

records and X-ray

jackets prominently

marked "Asbestos."

MR

MR

MR

MR

A - F

T - Z

G - M

N - S

p ersonal p rotective e quipment
PersonalProtective Equipment

Personnel involved in

handling asbestos

containing materials

during "rip-out" or

where the PEL is

exceeded shall wear

protective clothing.

My Antlers Protect Me !

p rotective c lothing r equired
Protective Clothing Required

Full body, one-piece

disposable coveralls

Hoods extending beyond the

collar

Medium weight rubber gloves

and a thin cotton under glove

protective footwear
Protective Footwear

SLIP RESISTANT PLASTIC SHOE COVERS OR

HEAVY POLYETHYLENE SHOE COVERS

WITH SLIP RESISTANT SOLES, OR LIGHT

WEIGHT RUBBER BOOTS.

face protection
Face Protection

Face Shields,

vented goggles,

or other

appropriate

protection when

eye irritation is

possible

respirator program
Respirator Program

1. Development of a respirator

program SOP.

2. Fit testing initially & annually

thereafter.

3. Records are retained

indefinitely.

p rotective e quipment cont d
Protective Equipment Cont'd

Proper respiratory

protection

as determined by

OSHA

lunchrooms
Lunchrooms

Special lunchroom facilities shall be provided for

employees who work in areas where their exposure

is above the PEL.

These facilities shall have a positive pressure,

filtered air supply & should be readily accessible.

Prior to use, employees should have washed their

faces, hands and removed surface asbestos from

clothing & equipment by vacuuming or other

means.

changing facilities
Changing Facilities

Procedures for the removal of

clothing shall be posted,

including leaving respirator on

while vacuuming clothing and

during clothing removal.

Shower facilities shall be located

between the clean and dirty

facility.

Supervisors shall ensure that all

personnel take showers at the end

of each shift.

CHANGE ROOM

**********

PROCEDURES

warning signs
Warning Signs

* Conspicuously displayed anywhere the airborne

concentration exceeds PEL.

* Required protective equipment may be attached

to or be a part of the sign.

D A N G E R

ASBESTOS

Cancer and Lung Disease Hazard

Authorized Personnel Only

Respirators And Protective Clothing Are Required In This Area

warning labels
Warning Labels

D A N G E R

Contains Asbestos

Fibers

Avoid Creating Dust

Cancer & Lung

Disease Hazard

  • Warning labels shall be
  • attached to containers.
  • Labels shall be printed in
  • letters of sufficient size &
  • contrast to be readily
  • visible & legible.
disposal procedures
Disposal Procedures
  • Containers must be
  • properly labeled with
  • standard asbestos
  • warning.
  • Asbestos waste
  • containers shall be
  • color coded for easy
  • recognition.

D A N G E R

Contains Asbestos Fibers Avoid Creating Dust Cancer and Lung Disease Hazard

disposal procedures34
Disposal Procedures
  • Must be adequately wetted.
  • Double bagged in heavy duty plastic.
  • Exercise care to prevent rupturing
  • when being moved.
  • Dumpsters shall be labeled "Asbestos Waste Only".
t r a i n i n g
T r a i n i n g

If you are a Naval employee who works with or handles asbestos or may be exposed to asbestos fibers in excess of the action level, then you shall receive the following training upon initial assignment and annually thereafter:

t r a i n i n g cont d
T r a i n i n g cont'd
  • The health effects and hazards of
  • asbestos
  • Association between the use of
  • tobacco and asbestos exposure
  • in producing lung cancer
  • Uses of asbestos which could
  • result in an exposure
  • Engineering controls and work practices
  • associated with an employees' work assignment
t r a i n i n g cont d37
T r a i n i n g cont'd
  • Purpose, proper use, and limitations
  • of protective equipment
  • Purpose and description of
  • medical surveillance
  • Description of emergency and
  • cleanup procedures
  • Overall review of OPNAVINST 5100.23
  • Series, Chapter 17 and the command/activity
  • instruction concerning asbestos.