Prepared by gena casas
1 / 17

Prepared by Gena Casas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Surfing the Web Prepared by Gena Casas URLs Domain Name System (DNS)provides a mnemonic equivalent of a numeric IP address and ensures that every site on the Internet has an unique address. Ensures each Web page has its own URL - (uniform resource locator). Domains

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Prepared by Gena Casas' - albert

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Prepared by gena casas l.jpg

Surfing the Web

Prepared by Gena Casas

Slide2 l.jpg


  • Domain Name System (DNS)provides a mnemonic equivalent of a numeric IP address and ensures that every site on the Internet has an unique address.

  • Ensures each Web page has its own URL - (uniform resource locator).

Slide3 l.jpg


  • DNS divides the Internet into a series of component networks called domains.

  • Large domains

    • Divided into smaller domains

    • Each domain responsible for maintaining unique addresses in the next lower-level domain, or subdomain.

  • Each host on the Internet is assigned a domain name based on its usage.

Slide4 l.jpg

URL Format

  • protocol://machine address/path/filename


  • The protocol determines how the communication is handled.

  • The machine address contains the following:


  • The path points to a specific site within the server.

  • The filename is the name of the document.

Slide5 l.jpg

Home Pages

  • Three different meanings on the Web:

    • Main page for a particular site

    • First page that opens when you start your browser

    • Page that is loaded first time browser is used

  • Default home page can be changed

  • Help organize and access information at site

Slide6 l.jpg

Hypertext Links

  • Words that trigger events linked to text

  • Underlined and printed in different color

  • Can change default color of hot words

    • Modify browser’s preferences

    • Colors must not be set by page author

Slide7 l.jpg

Hyperpicture Links

  • Pictorial hot spots that trigger events linked to image.

  • Images can be:

    • little icons

    • larger graphics

    • multiple hot spots in one image

Slide8 l.jpg

Web Navigation Tools

  • Navigation Buttons - Located at top of browser

    • Back

    • Forward

    • Home

    • Stop

  • History List

    • Three ways to access list

    • Show slightly different information

  • Bookmark

    • A pointer to a Web page

Slide9 l.jpg

History List

  • Click down arrow just to right of Netsite/Location box.

    • List shows most recent few pages.

    • Includes only URLs typed or entered with Open Page command on File menu.

    • Does not include sites visited by clicking a link.

Slide10 l.jpg

History List

  • Click Go on the menu bar.

    • Displays all sites visited during this session.

    • Includes both sites visited by linking and by entering URL in Location box.

    • Does not include sites visited in previous sessions.

Slide11 l.jpg

History List

  • Select History from Communicator menu

  • Press Ctrl-H

    • Displays entry on separate line.

    • Contains page title, URL, and other information.

    • Includes history from previous sessions.

Slide12 l.jpg

Configure History

  • To set History Parameters

    • Select Preferences from the Edit menu.

    • Click Navigator category.

    • In History section enter number of days to accumulate

    • To clear History, click the Clear History button.

Slide13 l.jpg


  • To ADD a Bookmark

    • Click the Bookmark icon of the Toolbar bar

    • Click Communicator and click Bookmarks, then click Add Bookmark.

    • If you have a lot of bookmarks, you should organize them in folders.

Slide14 l.jpg


  • To CHANGE the name of a bookmark

    • Select and right-click the bookmark

    • Click on Bookmark Properties

    • In the name box enter the new name

Slide15 l.jpg


  • To CREATE a folder

    • Select and right-click the existing folder under which the new folder should be created.

    • Choose New Folder from the context menu

    • Enter the name of your new folder and click OK

  • To ADD a bookmark to a particular folder

    • Click File Bookmark on the menu and select the desired folder.

Slide16 l.jpg


  • To SAVE a bookmark file to a floppy disk

    • Click Edit Bookmark

    • Click File on the menu bar

    • Click Save As

    • Click Save In list box and type A:\

    • Click the Save button to save the bookmark file and close the dialog box

Slide17 l.jpg


  • To CREATE a new bookmark file

    • Click Communicator

    • Click Bookmarks

    • Click Edit Bookmark

    • Click File on the menu bar

    • Click New, Blank Page - This opens the Composer window

    • Click Save As and give the empty page a name….be sure that file type is HTML and the correct disk/drive is selected.

    • Close the Composer window

  • Before creating or opening a new bookmark file, be sure you know where your current bookmark mark file is located.