BBBT-04 Basic Micro process & Computer Operation Lesson No: 6 Introduction to Windows XP
MICROSOFT WINDOWS Windows is a most popular G.U.I. type operating system among all operating system recently used. Advantages • Windows is a user friendly Operating System. • Windows is a Multi tasking operating System. • Windows is a Multi user operating System. • Windows is a device independent operating System. • Windows is a Graphical User Interface.
Parts of GUI • Mouse:- It is a pointing device. It is used to point out an object and to strike it. • On screen Menus:- Menus are show/hide on screen with the aid of Mouse or Keyboard. It can be activated by Alt key of Keyboard or by just clicking on it by Mouse. • Windows:- All applications are graphically shown by different windows. • Icon:- It is a graphical representation of files, directories, commands, tools etc.
Right click Left click • Click:- After pointing out, the object can be accessed by clicking left or right click of mouse. • Right&Left click:- After selection, right button of mouse can be used to open shortcuts available for that object and left button is used for regular application. MOUSE • Pointing:- Any object can be selected or accessed by moving mouse to it. • Drag&Drop:- After selecting any object, without releasing mouse button it can be drag to any position and can be dropped anywhere by releasing mouse button.
Scrolling:- Vertical scroll bar of windows can be easily scrolled with this scroll wheel. This wheel is used in different manner in different applications. Scroll wheel MOUSE • Double clicking:- Left button is consequently pressed two times to access the object after pointing out that object.
Title Bar Control Buttons Menu Bar Tool Bars Ruler Active Window Scroll Bars Status Bar WINDOWS TERMINOLOGY
WINDOWS TERMINOLOGY • Title bar:- The uppermost first bar of window is title bar. Application title, control menu and control buttons are parts of this bar. • Menu bar:- It is a bar below the title bar contains different menus of different commands and options. • Tool bar:- This bar contains different icons used to access different commands. • Rulers:- Horizontal and Vertical rulers are provided for guidance of dimensions. • Scroll bar:- Horizontal and Vertical scroll bars are provided to scroll the window.
Dialogue box:- This box is displayed when some command needs extra settings or information. Dialogue Box Command Buttons • Command buttons:- Buttons provided in dialogue box to execute commands. WINDOWS TERMINOLOGY • Task bar:- The lower most part of desktop, which can be on top of window or auto hidden. • Status bar:- It is lower most bar of window which shows the status of cursor and different settings every time during the work.
My documents:- This is a system folder in which all files created in any application are saved by default. File management can be done in this folder. • My computer:- This folder displays all the drive the computer has. File management can be done in these drives also. • Recycle Bin:- Files or folders which are deleted stored in this folder. Which can be restored whenever required back. DESKTOP ICONS
My Network Places:- This is a system folder through which user can enter in a network or make new connection. Network interface card can be configured by this icon. • Internet Explorer:- This is a window’s component through which user can access internet. Internet options can be set by properties of this icon. • Start Menu:- This button is placed on start menu. It is a standard menu to access all the applications installed to your computer. DESKTOP ICONS
DESKTOP PROPERTIES • Desktop:- This is a background picture of a desktop. Which can be applied by selecting background stock of windows or can be browsed to select from another source. It can be positioned to tile, center or stretched. • Screen saver:- This tab is used to save screen voltage when computer remains idle for stipulated time. Moving pictures or design is displayed during this time.
DESKTOP PROPERTIES • Appearance:- This tab is used to change the look out of windows components. Different colors, design and effects can be set by this option. • Settings:- This tab is used to set screen resolution and color quality. Color adapter driver can also be changed by this option.
CONTROL PANEL Control panel is a system folder which can be used to control hardware and software installed in computer. It can be start by clicking setting option in start menu. • Add new hardware:- With the use of this control panel option, user can add new hardware to their computer. A wizard helps user to scan for new hardware. However, windows - xp is used to scan automatically as new hardware are attached.
CONTROL PANEL • Add/Remove Programse:- With the use of this control panel option, user can add new software or remove installed software. Windows components can also be added or removed by this option. • Fonts:- This option is used to add new fonts in stock and to copy fonts which are exist in our computer.
Run:- Used to execute any application. • Help and Support:- Used for helping and trouble shooting. • Search:- Used to search files, folders, peoples, internet files etc. • Setting:- Used to set control panel, task bar, network connection etc. • Documents:- Used to access recently opened documents directly. • Documents:- Used to access any application installed in computer. START MENU