Tutorial 10 Microsoft Windows XP Managing Windows XP
Computer Backups • A backup program copies and then automatically compresses files and folders from a hard disk into a single file, called a backup file • The backup program stores this file on a backup medium • The Backup program creates a backup job, which lists the files you want to back up and tells your computer how, when, and where to perform the backup • Information about the backup, including a list of the files and folders that have been saved, is stored in a file called a catalog
Placing Files on Hard Disk to Back Up • A practical solution for backing up your files is to purchase a drive such as a Zip, CD/DVD rewritable drive, or tape drive– instead of using a 3 ½ disk.
Backup Strategies • A full backup is a compressed copy of all the files on your computer • Partial backups back up only the files that have changed since the last time you backed up your data • In a differential backup, searches for and backs up only those files that have changed since the last full backup • In an incremental backup, searches for and backs up only those files that have changed since the last backup
Backing UP Files • You can back up the contents of specific folders, or files- instead of doing a full backup. • You need to select the files or folders you want to back up. • You can also set up advanced backup options
Restoring Files • You must restore backed up files if you want to use them from the backup file. • When restoring files, Windows XP extracts the files from the backup job and copies them to a specified location.
Monitoring System Performance • The Windows XP Performance Monitor displays the amount of system resources that your computer is using at any time
Graphing System Performance • Windows XP monitors the components in your computer to obtain performance data. • Monitors processor • Monitors memory • Monitors physical hard disk • Each system item tracked provides counters that represent data you are graphing.
Graphing System Performance Selecting an item to track
Logging System Performance • A baseline chart is a chart of the computer’s performance when it’s running at a normal level. • To create a baseline chart, you must first create a log file. Specifying data to save in a log file
Creating a Performance Alert • In the left pane of the Performance window, click the Alerts icon • Click Action on the menu bar, and then click New Alert Settings • Type Processor Alert in the New Alert Settings dialog box, and then click the OK button • Type Alert when processor usage exceeds 75% in the Comment text box • Click the Add button to select the object and counters you want to track
Creating a Performance Alert • In the Add Counters dialog box, verify that Processor is selected in the Performance object list box and that % Processor Time is selected in the list of counters • Click the Add button and then click the Close button • In the Processor Alert dialog box, click the Alert when the value is list arrow, and then click Over, if necessary • Type 75 in the Limit text box
Tracking Events on Your System • Windows XP constantly tracks events as you work on your computer. • When an event occurs, Windows records it in an event log.
Viewing the Event Log • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon • In the Administrative Tools window, double-click the Event Viewer shortcut • Double-click the icon for the type of event log you want to view • Application • System • Security
Viewing the Service List • An event log is a service- a small program controlled by Windows XP, designed to manage one or more tasks to support other programs.
Viewing the Service List • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon • Double-click the Services shortcut in the Administrative Tools window
Understanding Users, User Groups, and Accounts on Your Computer • User group- a group of users who share the same rights and privileges on a computer or network. • Global or domain group- a user group that is part of a network and is managed by a network administrator. • Local group- a user group created for a specific computer. • Account- a collection of information about the user, including information that defines the user to Windows XP (password, username, etc.)
Adding a New User • Log on to the computer as an administrator • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the User Accounts icon • In the User Accounts window, click the Create a new account link • Enter a name for the new user in the Type a name for the new account text box • Click the Next button and then specify a user group for the new user • Click the Create Account button
Using the Computer Management Window • The tools used to administer your system and manage the computer’s hardware and software are collected in the Computer Management window.
Opening the Computer Management Window • Many of the tools you can use to administer your system and manage the computer’s hardware and software are collected in the Computer Management window • Open the Control Panel in Classic View • Double-click the Administrative Tools icon • Double-click the Computer Management icon
Creating a User Group • Log on to the computer as an administrator • Open the Control Panel in Classic View, and then double-click the Administrative Tools icon • Double-click the Computer Management icon • In the Computer Management window, click the Groups folder, click Action on the menu bar, and then click New Group • In the New Group dialog box, enter the group name and description • Click the Add button and then add users to the group • Click the OK button
Managing Local Security Policies • Windows XP considers the rights and permissions of user groups to be security policies. • Use the Local Security Policy tool to customize the rights and permissions of user groups.
Viewing Security Policies • Windows XP considers the rights and permissions of user groups to be security policies • Open the Control Panel and then open the Administrative Tools window • Double-click the Local Security Policy shortcut icon • Open the folders for the policies you want to view
Removing a User • Log on to the computer as an administrator • Open the Control Panel and then open the User Accounts window • Select the user account you want to remove, and click Delete the account • To save the user’s settings and other preferences in the preferences file, click the Keep Files button. To delete the preferences file, click the Delete Files button • To confirm you want to delete the account, click the Delete Account button