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Emergence Is AI intelligent like us? Or are we only as intelligent as AI? What the… ? Artificial Intelligence can exhibit emergence Human intelligence displays emergent characteristics Emergence regarding AI and human intelligence: two way street Umm… Mike… What’s emergence?

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emergence

Emergence

Is AI intelligent like us?

Or are we only as intelligent as AI?

what the
What the… ?
  • Artificial Intelligence can exhibit emergence
  • Human intelligence displays emergent characteristics
  • Emergence regarding AI and human intelligence: two way street
umm mike

Umm… Mike…

What’s emergence?

webster com says
Webster.com says…
  • Emergence: the act or an instance of emerging
    • Thanks a lot Webster.
  • Emerging/Emerge:
    • to become manifest
    • to rise from an obscure or inferior position or condition
    • to come into being through evolution
operational definition
Operational Definition
  • The appearance of that which is greater than the sum of its parts.
  • E.G. – Human Intelligence from artificial intelligence
    • Artificial intelligence: set in algorithms
    • Human Intelligence: capable of transcending algorithms
algorithm
Algorithm
  • A step-by-step procedure for solving a problem or accomplishing some end, especially by a computer
  • For our purposes: structured procedure taken by a thought process
algorithm7
Algorithm
  • Human intelligence and artificial intelligence can work similarly in algorithms
  • Human intelligence transcends algorithms
  • AI does not necessarily transcend its given structure
two way street
Two Way Street
  • Emergence from AI could say one of the following:
    • 1. Artificial intelligence has attained a uniquely human attribute.
    • 2. Human intelligence is possibly nothing more than extended artificial intelligence.
    • 3. Emergence is intrinsic to both forms of intelligence.
what that means
What that means
  • Two distinct areas of intelligence: “within” and “capable of beyond” algorithms
  • For AI to become HI, need emergence to break free from algorithm
emergence test
Emergence Test
  • Design
  • Observation

Capcarrère, M., Ronald, E. & Sipper, M. (1999). Design, observation, surprise! A test of emergence. Artificial Life, 5(3), 225-239.

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http://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1http://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1

conclusions
Conclusions
  • AI and HI are different: algorithms!
  • Emergence bridges AI and HI
  • Emergence implies one of the following:
    • AI has gained a uniquely human attribute
    • HI is simply an extended AI attribute
    • Emergence is intrinsic to both AI and HI
references
References
  • Capcarrère, M., Ronald, E. & Sipper, M. (1999). Design, observation, surprise! A test of emergence. Artificial Life, 5(3), 225-239.
  • Collins, H.M. (1993). The structure of knowledge. Social Research, 60(1), 95-116.
  • http://www.webster.com
  • http://www.webalice.it/anna.nardella/ant.html
  • Rapaport, W.J. (1998). How minds can be computational systems. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 10(4), 403-419.
  • Spivey, M.J. (2000). Turning the tables on the Turing test: the Spivey test. Connection Science, 12(1), 91-94.
  • Stewart, I. (1994). The ultimate in anty-particles. Scientific American, 271, 104-107.