Diabetes. How things normally work. When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar that is your body’s main source of energy. 6. How things normally work. As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin . 7.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar that is your body’s main source of energy.
As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin.
Acting as a key, insulin binds to a place on the cell wall (an insulin receptor), unlocking the cell so glucose can pass into it. There, most of the glucose is used for energy right away.
Blood glucose goes up and down throughout the day:
(after a meal), the
pancreas releases insulin.
Your pancreas may not produce enough insulin(insulin deficiency).
Your cells don’t use insulin properly. The insulin can’t fully “unlock” the cells to allow glucose to enter (insulin resistance).
Type 2 is more common in people who:
XTest at Alternating Times of the Day Before or 2 Hours After Eating
Quick energy sources
The following items are quick energy sources that contain about 15 grams of carbohydrate:
What is HbA1c?
Hemoglobin is a protein that makes your red blood cells red-colored.
When hemoglobin picks up glucose from your bloodstream, the hemoglobin becomes glycosylated.
Glycosylated hemoglobin is HbA1c. The HbA1c test measures the percentage of HbA1c in your blood—a number that corresponds to your average blood glucose for the previous 3 months.
HbA1c in your bloodstream.
Key pieces of diabetes self-management:
Following a meal plan
Monitoring blood glucose
Getting regular exercise
At least 2 times/year
At least every other year
Dilated eye exam
At least 1 time/year
Urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio
Once (repeat at age 65)Getting regular medical care
Schedule for routine medical care
National Diabetes Education ProgramOne Diabetes WayBethesda, MD 20814-9692Phone: 301-496-3583www.ndep.nih.gov
Diabetes Exercise and Sports Association8001 Montcastle Dr.Nashville, TN 37221Phone: 1-800-898-4322www.diabetes-exercise.org
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation120 Wall StreetNew York, NY 10005-4001Phone: 1-800-533-CURE (2873)www.jdf.org
Joslin Diabetes CenterOne Joslin PlaceBoston, MA 02215Phone: 617-732-2400www.joslin.org
Intermountain Health CareIHC Diabetes Management ProgramPhone: 1-800-442-5305www.ihc.com/diabetes
National Diabetes InformationClearinghouse1 Information WayBethesda, MD 20892-3560Phone: 1-800-860-8747www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov
American Diabetes AssociationATTN: National Call Center1701 North Beauregard StreetAlexandria, VA 22311Phone: 1-800-DIABETES(1-800-342-2383)www.diabetes.org
American Dietetic Association120 South Riverside Plaza,Suite 2000Chicago, Illinois 60606-6995Phone: 1-800-877-1600www.eatright.org