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Blueprints for RtI Implementation. Bill East, Ed.D Nancy Reder, Esq. Acknowledgements. NASDSE Satellite Conference – Response to Intervention (RtI): Blueprints for Implementation at the State, District and Local Levels – December 6, 2006

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blueprints for rti implementation

Blueprints for RtI Implementation

Bill East, Ed.D

Nancy Reder, Esq.

  • NASDSE Satellite Conference – Response to Intervention (RtI): Blueprints for Implementation at the State, District and Local Levels – December 6, 2006
    • Presenters: Sharon Kurns, Diane Morrison and George Batsche
  • David Tilly, Ph.D. Coordinator of Assessment Services Heartland AEA 11 Iowa
  • Blueprint Authors
the link between idea and rti
The Link Between IDEA and RtI
  • IDEA – focus is on providing services in the least restrictive environment (LRE)
  • Late ’90s shift to a focus on outcomes
  • IDEA ’04 says:

“…to improve the academic achievement and functional performance of children with disabilities including the use of scientifically based instructional practices, to the maximum extent possible” (20 U.S.C. 1400(c)(5)(E))

the link between idea and rti1
The Link Between IDEA and RtI
  • IDEA also says:
    • In determining whether a child has a specific learning disability, a local education agency may use a process that determines if the child responses to scientific, research-based intervention…(20 U.S.C. 1414(b)(6)(B)
  • Early intervening
the link between esea nclb and rti
The Link Between ESEA (NCLB) and RtI
  • NCLB focuses on proficiency for all students
  • Requires access to general education curriculum
  • Requires exposure to grade-level content (no out-of-level testing
  • Opportunity with reauthorization to insert RtI language
what is rti
What Is RtI?
  • “An ongoing process of using student performance and other data to guide instructional and intervention decisions”
what is rti1
What Is RtI?
  • “the practice of providing high-quality instruction and intervention matched to student needs and using learning rate over time and level of performance to make important educational decisions”
rti core principles
RtI Core Principles
  • We can effectively teach all children
  • Effective instruction (academic AND behavior) in general education is foundation for all decision-making
  • Intervene early
  • Use a multi-tier model of service delivery
rti core principles1
RtI Core Principles
  • Use a problem-solving methodology
  • Use research-based, scientifically validated interventions/instruction
  • Data guide decisions regarding core, supplemental and intensive interventions
more than one way to do rti
More Than One Way To Do RtI
  • School-wide v. District-wide
  • 3, 4 or more tiers
  • Problem solving strategy
  • Standard treatment protocol
standard treatment protocol
Students who are not progressing at acceptable rates are provided with a “standard treatment.” These protocols typically are more structured and intensive than general education instruction and are typically delivered in small groups of 3-6 children on a pull-out basis.

In RtI, standard treatment protocols are typically used as a secondary step in a multi-tier model.

Standard Treatment Protocol
problem solving
Problem Solving
  • A process that uses the skills of professionals from different disciplines to develop and evaluate intervention plans that improve significantly the school performance of individual and/of groups of students
problem solving process
Problem Solving Process

Define the Problem

Defining Problem/Directly Measuring Behavior

Problem Analysis

Validating Problem

Identify Variables that Contribute to Problem

Develop Plan


Response to Intervention (RtI)

Implement Plan

Implement As Intended

Progress Monitor

Modify as Necessary

key features
Key Features
  • Effective instructional/intervention programs
    • Core
    • Supplemental
    • Intensive
  • Frequent assessment of student performance
    • Screening
    • Diagnostic
    • Progress Monitoring
  • Use of data to make instructional/intervention decisions
guiding questions 1
Guiding Questions (1)
  • Is the core program sufficient?
  • If the core program is not sufficient, why isn’t it?
  • How will needs identified in the core be addressed?
  • How will the effectiveness and efficiency of the core be monitored over time?
  • Have improvements to the core been effective?
  • For which students is the core program sufficient or not sufficient and why?
guiding questions 2
Guiding Questions (2)
  • What specific supplemental and intensive instruction is needed?
  • How will supplemental and intensive instruction be delivered?
  • How will effectiveness of supplemental and intensive instruction be monitored?
  • Which students need to move to a different level of instruction?
stages of implementing problem solving rti 1
Stages of Implementing Problem-Solving/RtI (1)
  • Consensus
    • Belief is shared
    • Vision is agreed upon
    • Implementation requirements understood
stages of implementing problem solving rti 2
Stages of Implementing Problem-Solving/RtI (2)
  • Infrastructure Development
    • Regulations and/or policies
    • Training/Technical Assistance
    • Model (e.g., Standard Protocol)
    • Core, Strategic, and Intensive instruction Tier I and II intervention systems
    • Data Management
    • Technology support
    • Decision-making criteria established
what are the desired outcomes of a successful state plan
What Are the Desired Outcomes of a Successful State Plan?
  • State-Level Outcomes
    • This is an ALL EDUCATION initiative
    • Strategic Plan to Guide Implementation
    • Inclusive Participation in Plan Development
    • Policies to Guide Effective Practice
    • Technical Assistance and Training Initiatives
    • Technology Support
    • Comprehensive Evaluation Plan
    • Dynamic Communication and Dissemination Plan
consensus building state 1
Consensus Building: State (1)
  • PSM/RtI is an All Education Initiative-Not Just Special Education
  • Improving the effectiveness of core instruction is basic to this process
  • NO Child Left Behind Really Means “NO”
  • Assessment (data) should both inform and evaluate the impact of instruction
  • Regulations must be consistent with beliefs
  • Beliefs must be supported by research
  • How do you spell AYP? RtI!
consensus building state 2
Consensus Building: State (2)
  • Identify staff that will be involved in the implementation of PSM/RtI
    • General and Special Education
    • Student Support Staff
    • Advocacy Liaisons/Parents
  • Identify critical stakeholders and create a communication network
  • Identify a group of leaders within the state, district or school to lead the PSM/RtI initiative
consensus building state 3
Consensus Building: State (3)
  • Develop a shared vision and values
  • Create and implement a communication plan that will keep all stakeholders informed about the state plan
    • Policy makers
    • Educators
    • Instructional support staff
    • District Leaders
    • Advocacy Leaders
    • Parents
  • Develop and disseminate a strategic plan
infrastructure development state 1
Infrastructure Development: State (1)
  • Develop regulations & policies that guide implementation of PSM/RtI
  • Develop clear criteria that support decision-making rules regarding intervention evaluation AND eligibility determination
  • Modify and/or develop due process and procedural safeguard policies/procedures specific to PSM/RtI
    • NASDSE Publication
    • Procedural safeguards focus on integrity of the problem-solving process
infrastructure development state 2
Infrastructure Development: State (2)
  • Make a decision regarding the role (leadership and support) of the SEA regarding:
    • Technology support
    • Technical assistance and training
    • Program evaluation
    • Demonstration/evaluation sites
implementation state 1
Implementation: State (1)
  • Identifies demonstration sites to monitor implementation, collect and analyze data on student outcomes.
  • Provides on-going technical assistance and training
  • Incorporates PSM/RtI competencies into certification criteria and pre-service education programs
  • Provides incentives to develop, implement and support technology necessary for data management and analysis
implementation state 2
Implementation: State (2)
  • Convenes a statewide advisory group consisting of all stakeholders to monitor outcome data and advise SEA on recommended practices
  • Creates and implements a statewide evaluation plan to assess student outcomes
  • Implements a dissemination and communication system with all school districts
what are the desired outcomes of a successful district plan
What Are the Desired Outcomes of a Successful District Plan?
  • District Outcomes
    • Led by General Education, Supported by Special Education
    • Infrastructure for a 3-Tiered Model
    • Problem-Solving Model Implemented with Integrity
    • Effective Collection and Use of Data
    • Decision Rules for Intervention Evaluation and Eligibility Determination
    • Technology to Manage and Document Data-Based Decision Making
    • Improved Academic and Behavior Outcomes for All Students
    • Consumer Confidence and Satisfaction
consensus building district 1
Consensus Building: District (1)
  • Analysis of how existing policies support RtI
  • Analysis of which policies must be modified to incorporate PSM/RtI
  • Analysis of how RtI concepts interface with currently existing initiatives within district
    • Reading First
    • Positive Behavior Support
    • Early Intervening Services
consensus building district 2
Consensus Building: District (2)
  • Analysis of how to fit PSM/RtI into district school improvement framework
  • Critical stakeholders have been identified
    • General Education
    • Special Education
    • Student Services
    • Administration
    • Parents
consensus building district 3
Consensus Building: District (3)
  • A group of leaders has been identified and formed to lead the effort
  • State, district and building implementation groups should be similar
    • General Education Program Supervisors (Teachers)
      • Reading, Math, Science
    • Special Education Program Supervisors (Teachers)
    • Student Services Supervisors (Personnel)
      • Psychology, Social Work, Counseling, others
    • Leadership (Asst. Supt./ Principal)
    • Data Management
    • Professional Development
    • Parent/Advocacy
infrastructure development district 1
Infrastructure Development: District (1)
  • District policies/procedures clearly define how to implement problem-solving/RtI
  • Data management systems are developed or selected to support RtI implementation
  • Existing Federal, State, and District initiatives are re-examined and integrated to provide sustained support of RtI
infrastructure development district 2
Infrastructure Development: District (2)
  • Connections are made and networks expanded to existing RtI-related initiatives (e.g., reading first)
  • A plan is in place that clearly defines how the LEA, at all levels, will support the implementation of RtI through systemic technical assistance and professional development
implementation district
Implementation: District
  • The LEA has the necessary systemic supports in place to ensure that the District is able to successfully implement RtI in a way that benefits students and supports teachers and parents
  • The implementation of RtI results in increased student achievement and/or improved behavior
  • The LEA has a multi year implementation and professional development plan that provided on-going sustained support for RtI
  • The LEA has an evaluation plan to assess the impact of RtI on student, site, district, and personnel outcomes
role of district leaders
Role of District Leaders
  • Give “permission” for model
  • Provide a vision for outcome-based service delivery
  • Reinforce effective practices
  • Expect accountability
  • Provide tangible support for effort
    • Training
    • Coaching
    • Technology
    • Policies
what are the desired outcomes of a successful school plan
What Are the Desired Outcomes of a Successful School Plan?
  • Support for individuals experiencing the change
  • Professional development to provide the needed knowledge and skills
  • Building level leadership (shared leadership)
  • Efficient structures for ongoing data collection, analysis, and decision making
  • Effective system of instruction to meet the needs of all students
  • Improved achievement and outcomes for students
consensus building school 1
Consensus Building: School (1)
  • Coordinate with district administration
    • This assumes consensus building work and analysis has been done at district level
    • If not, analysis and alignment with existing initiatives must be done
    • School leadership must coordinate with district leadership
  • Provide information to school staff
    • Why RtI
    • What is it?
    • Benefits of RtI
    • What will it take?
  • Identify the consensus level among staff that is necessary for implementing RtI
    • What % of agreement is needed?
consensus building school 2
Consensus Building: School (2)
  • Determine next steps
    • If consensus has been reached, form leadership team and begin to plan
    • If consensus has not, continue activities to build consensus among staff
  • Plan to support change initiative
    • Align with building vision, values, mission
    • Set goals
    • Identify elements of change process
    • Plan for ongoing communication
infrastructure development school
Infrastructure Development: School
  • Infrastructure developed by leadership team answering a series of questions
    • One way to develop infrastructure at school level in use in Iowa
    • Each school must develop their own answers
    • Doesn’t tell them what to think…instead it is what to think about
    • Based on a continuous improvement model
implementation school
Implementation: School
  • Provide professional development and ongoing supports to those conducting assessments and those providing instruction
  • Implement logistics of assessments and periodic data analysis
  • Implement logistics of core, supplemental and intensive instruction
  • Monitor implementation of instruction/intervention
    • School-based “coaches”
  • Adjust as needed
process of systems change
Process of Systems Change
  • Until, and unless, consensus (understanding the need and trusting in the support) is reached, no support will exist to establish the infrastructure. Until, and unless, the infrastructure is in place, implementation will not take place
  • A fatal flaw is to attempt implementation without consensus and infrastructure
  • Leadership must come from state, district and building level
nasdse s role in rti
NASDSE’s Role In RtI
  • Providing tools for implementation
powerpoint presentation on rti
PowerPoint Presentation on RtI
  • Can be customized for your audience
  • Download at
nasdse case white paper
  • Download at
rti myths paper
RtI Myths Paper
  • Download at
nasdse s idea partnership
NASDSE’s IDEA Partnership
  • RtI Workgroup – IDEA/NCLB CoP
    • 18 partner organizations
    • 5 state teams
    • 5 TA centers
nasdse s project forum
NASDSE’s Project Forum
  • Policy Forum on RtI and Early Intervening Services
nasdse satellite conferences
NASDSE Satellite Conferences
  • Addressing the Needs of Students with Learning Difficulties Through the Response to Intervention (RTI) Strategy
    • Aired: November 17, 2004
  • Making Response to Intervention (RTI) Work in Schools
    • Aired: November 9, 2006
  • Response to Intervention (RtI): Blueprints for Implementation at the State, District and Local Levels
    • Aired: December 6, 2006
nasdse satellite conferences1
NASDSE Satellite Conferences
  • Response to Intervention (RtI): Strategies for Reading and Math
    • Aired: March 14, 2007
  • Response to Intervention (RtI): Non-Academic Barriers to Achievement – Addressing School-Based Mental Health and Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports
    • Airing: May 9, 2007
nasdse s coming attractions
NASDSE’s Coming Attractions
  • RtI Bibliography
  • Blueprints
  • Scheduling RtI
  • Comprehensive Evaluation and Procedural Safeguards Document
  • RtI Summit
  • NCLB reauthorization work
  • Proposed RtI Center
contact information
Bill East

P: 703.519.3576

[email protected]

Nancy Reder

P: 703.519.3800 x334

[email protected]

Contact Information


1800 Diagonal Rd. Suite 320

Alexandria VA 22314

Fax: 703.519.3808