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A Coordinated Community Response to Domestic Violence. Duluth Minnesota Elsa Chiu HKCSS. The Duluth Model Background. 1970s First shelter opened in the States Advocacy groups, the press, lawmakers, researchers, academia and the public, leader in different disciplines

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

A Coordinated

Community Response

to

Domestic Violence

Duluth Minnesota

Elsa Chiu HKCSS

the duluth model background
The Duluth Model Background

1970s

First shelter opened in the States

  • Advocacy groups, the press, lawmakers, researchers, academia and the public, leader in different disciplines
  • recognized the need to develop and implement new policies and protocols to protect victims

Background

the duluth model background3
The Duluth Model Background

1978

A domestic abuse case Cindy Landfried was battered for 3 yrs, finally she shot and kill her husband.

  • propose a proactive domestic assault intervention project
  • Duluth as the site for an experimental project
  • introduce multiple inter-agency agreements to improve the community’s ability to hold offenders accountable for their violence.

Background

the duluth model background4
The Duluth Model Background

March 2, 1981

  • The priority is always the victims safety.
  • Launch Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP)
  • Adopt policies and procedures to coordinate interventions
  • Use legal sanctions, rehabilitation programs and incarceration when necessary

Background

critical success factors
Critical Success Factors
  • Community consensus
  • Resource support
  • Trust and support
  • Autonomous, non-profit agency and small coordinating staff (interest free, neutral position)
  • Small community

Critical Success Factors

the duluth model
The Duluth Model

A comprehensive community-based project widely recognized as a model in confronting domestic assault

  • A criminal justice intervention project in domestic violence cases.
  • A system of
  • Networks
  • Agreements
  • processes
  • applied principles

created by local shelters movement, criminal justice agencies and human services programs.

Background

aims advocate for collective interest of women instead of individual case to case
Aims Advocate for collective interest of women, instead of individual case to case
  • To increase victim safety
  • To increase accountability of the perpetrators
  • To break the climate of tolerance to domestic violence

Aims

the five core principles of intervention
The five core principles of intervention

Clear and specific goals provided a consistent stance

  • burden of confronting abusers--the community, not the victim
  • individual practitioners -- cooperative, guided by training, job descriptions and standardized practices
  • responsive to the totality of harm
  • Priority -- Protection of the victim
  • basic understanding of and a commitment to accountability to the victim

Principles

8 essential activities
8 Essential Activities

Building a Coordinated Community Response composes of

community organizing and advocacy

  • Building coherent philosophical approach

(Focus on victim safety)

  • Developing “best practice” policies and protocols
  • Reducing fragmentation
  • Building monitoring and tracking system
  • Ensuring a supportive community infrastructure;
  • Intervening abusers directly
  • Undoing harm to the victims;
  • Evaluating the outcome(the victims’ standpoint)

Activities

daip organizing process
DAIP Organizing Process
  • Talk
  • Watch
  • Read
  • Work in small group
  • Propose changes
  • Convince policy makers
  • Test new ideas & make adjustments
  • Organize training
  • Monitor compliance
  • Document Impact

Agency audit

Implementation

Evaluation

Organizing Process

the duluth model 2003
The Duluth Model (2003)

Minnesota Program Development, Inc.

  • Domestic Abuse Intervention Project

(Coordinate the Community Response)

  • Men’s Non-violence Education Class / CrossRoads Program
  • Domestic Abuse Information Network (DAIN)
  • Child Visitation Centre
  • National Training Project

Content

slide12

Medical

Law enforcement

Judiciary

Com. organizations

Judiciary

Com. organizations

Pence (1996). Coordinated Community Response to Domestic Assault Cases: A Guide for Policy Development. MN :Minnesota Program Development, Inc.

feedback
DAIP Staff Counselor & group facilitators

911 communication centre

The Police

The prosecutors / probation officers

Public health nurse

Feedback

People in system

Feedback

feedback14
Feedback
  • Many people think it’s wrong for a woman to bring her partner to court for abuse. It’s NOT… Court don’t ruin relationships, violence does. (MIKE)
  • When I was arrested, I was mad at everyone…..These classes really helped me. I can see now what I was doing and I think I can deal with my problem a lot different now. (Dave)
achievement
Achievement
  • comprehensive community-based system intervention
  • strengthened criminal justice response
  • strong pro-arrest policy
  • consistent sentencing of perpetrators
  • Good victim advocacy and support
  • Mandatory attendance
  • Strong penalties.

Achievement

achievement international recognition on pioneering efforts
Achievementinternational recognition on pioneering efforts
  • To alter public policy
  • To protect victims of domestic abuse
  • To offer rehabilitation opportunities for offenders

Achievement

slide17

Issue of concerns

Institutional change

  • any efforts changing the socio-cultural institution?
  • changing the perpetrators themselves? Criminal Justice approach? public health approach?
  • community prevention strategies?
  • influence of the media?
  • teenage?

Issue of concern

slide18

Issue of concerns

Other concerned professions

  • The medical practitioners ?
  • The Churches ?
  • The schools ?

Issue of concern

issue of concerns
Issue of concerns

Monitoring

  • Professional compliance
  • Victim safety
  • Support to batterers

Issue of concern

slide20

Is it necessary to further strengthen the system in responding to domestic violence in Hong Kong?

HOW?

Who?

What?

when?

Where?

websites
Websites
  • Victim Support, SWD(www.info.gov.hk/swd/vs)
  • E-resources, HKCSS(www.hkcss.org.hk/fs/er)
  • Minnesota Program Development Inc.(www.duluth-model.org)
  • Praxis International(www.praxisinternatinal.org)
  • Minnesota Center Against Violence & Abuse(www.mincava.umn.edu/).
  • The Battered Women's Justice Project(www.bwjp.org)

Websites