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Bell Ringer. The Jazz Age. Glamour, culture, and excitement!. The Lost Generation. Finding a new meaning of life in postwar America. La Vie Boehme!. "Bohemian" is applied to people who live unconventional, usually artistic, lives.

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The jazz age

The Jazz Age

Glamour, culture, and excitement!

The lost generation
The Lost Generation

Finding a new meaning of life in postwar America

La vie boehme
La Vie Boehme!

  • "Bohemian" is applied to people who live unconventional, usually artistic, lives.

  • Congregated in Greenwich Village, on the lower west side of NYC.

  • Sought to break social barriers, refuting traditional gender norms and sexual stereotypes.

The lost generation1
The Lost Generation

  • Coined by poet Gertrude Stein

  • Mostly writers, musicians, and painters who questioned accepted ideas about reason, progress, religion, anxieties about the future, and fear of the future

  • Often settled in Paris, but often moved from city to city trying to find the meaning of life

Bell ringer


There is no universal understanding or meaning to life. Each person creates his or her own meaning in life through actions and choices taken.

Gertrude stein
Gertrude Stein

Tender Buttons: objects, food, rooms

“A CARAFE, THAT IS A BLIND GLASS. A kind in glass and a cousin, a spectacle and nothing strange a single hurt color and an arrangement in a system to pointing. All this and not ordinary, not unordered in not resembling. The difference is spreading. GLAZED GLITTER. Nickel, what is nickel, it is originally rid of a cover.”

Lost generation writers
Lost Generation Writers

  • Ernest Hemmingway – known for stoic male characters and disillusionment with youth and heroism; The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms

  • William Faulkner – popularized the “stream of consciousness” style and focused on the Southern experience; The Sound and the Fury and As I Lay Dying

Buffalo bill s e e cummings
Buffalo Bill’s – e.e. cummings

  • e.e. cummings – experimented with typeset, diction, and punctuation in his poetry

    Buffalo Bill 's defunct             who used to             ride a watersmooth-silver                                                 stallion and break onetwothreefourfivepigeonsjustlikethat                                                                         Jesus he was a handsome man                                     and what i want to know is how do you like your blueeyed boy Mister Death

F scott fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald

  • The epitome of the age itself, coined the term the “Jazz Age” and glamorized the youth and excitement of the times in The Great Gatsby

The radio
The Radio

  • More than any other invention of the age, the radio changed the very nature of how Americans communicated

  • It created a homogeneous American culture:

    • Sports

    • Entertainment

    • News

    • Advertising

    • Standardized speech patterns


  • Babe Ruth

  • Jack Dempsey

  • NFL


  • 1920s architecture is one of the most enduring physical legacies of the era

  • Art Deco became the prevailing style for everything from buildings (the Chrysler Building) to jewelry

  • It emphasized geometric shapes, pattern of color, and symmetry

Bell ringer

Pantages Theatre

Bell ringer1
Bell Ringer

  • What are some things you do that your parents don’t approve of/drives them nuts?

The jazz age starts swingin
The Jazz Age Starts Swingin’

America’s Social Revolution

Bell ringer

What’s wrong with

this picture?

The new morality
The New Morality

  • WWI had allowed women more independence (broke away from traditional roles), and their work in the war effort increased their belief in their intellect and importance in society as a whole.

  • Women began breaking from traditional clothing styles and expectations of women.

The new girl
The New Girl



The movies
The Movies

America is mesmerized by the silver screen

Much had changed since Thomas Edison’s “moving pictures” – Hollywood was now a bustling metropolis filled with actors hoping to “make it big”

Hunks and hams
Hunks and Hams









Glittering starlets
Glittering Starlets

Mary Pickford

Marion Davies

Bell ringer

The first

The Ultimate




Clara Bow

The jazz singer the first talkie
The Jazz Singer – The first “Talkie”

The story begins with young JakieRabinowitz defying the traditions of his devout Jewish family by singing popular tunes in a beer hall. Punished by his father, a cantor, Jakie runs away from home. Some years later, now calling himself Jack Robin, he has become a talented jazz singer. He attempts to build a career as an entertainer, but his professional ambitions ultimately come into conflict with the demands of his home and heritage.

The great experiment
The Great Experiment

  • In 1919, the 18th Amendment was passed, outlawing the manufacture, sale, distribution, and consumption of alcohol illegal in the United States

  • Congress passed the Volstead Act a year later, which gave the federal government the ability to enforce the amendment.

Moonshining and bootlegging
Moonshining and Bootlegging

  • With alcohol still being a desired product, many turned to illegal methods of obtaining it

    • Moonshining

    • Bootlegging

    • Speakeasies


  • Prohibition did not decrease the demand for alcohol, and thus a cutthroat black market trade emerged.

  • Bootleggers began using intimidation and violence to guard their “territory”

  • Organized crime families got into the business as well, setting an example for how bootleggers could manage their “employees”

Gangster party
Gangster Party

  • Chicago was a central location for alcohol-related crime

  • Many gangsters with colorful names began making headlines: “Baby Face” Nelson, Lucky Luciano, “Pretty Boy” Floyd, Jack “Legs” Diamond, “Bugs” Moran, “Bugsy” Siegel, John Dillinger

The giant of the underworld
The Giant of the Underworld

  • Al Capone was the most influential and dangerous gangster

  • Suspected for his involvement with the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre (among other crimes), Capone was unable to be pinned down, since most of the actual violence was committed through his associates.

  • Was eventually sentenced for tax evasion, sent to Alcatraz, and died at home from the effects of pneumonia, a stroke, and syphilis

St valentine s day massacre
St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

  • A long-standing conflict between two powerful gangs in Chicago: the South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone and the North Side Irish gang led by Bugs Moran

  • Resulted in the murder of 7 mob associates

The harlem renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance

Bringing African American culture into the forefront

African american politics
African American Politics

  • WWI left African Americans with a new sense of pride, having shown bravery and dedication during the war.

  • W.E.B. Du Bois was very outspoken in his aim to increase the status of blacks in America.

  • NAACP battled valiantly to eliminate segregation and make lynching a federal offense

Marcus garvey
Marcus Garvey

  • A dynamic leader from Jamaica, he promoted “Negro Nationalism,” which glorified black culture and the traditions of the past

  • Back to Africa Movement


  • Literature of the Harlem Renaissance reflected the struggles and contributions of African Americans.

  • Zora Neale Hurston – Their Eyes Were Watching God

    • Relates the story of fiercely independent Janie Crawford, and her evolving selfhood through three marriages and a life marked by poverty, trials, and purpose.


Langston Hughes

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?


Bessie Smith – Empty Bed Blues

I woke up this morning with a awful aching headI woke up this morning with a awful aching headMy new man had left me, just a room and a empty bedBought me a coffee grinder that's the best one I could findBought me a coffee grinder that's the best one I could findOh, he could grind my coffee, 'cause he had a brand new grind

George gershwin rhapsody in blue

Jazz jumpstarts Classical

George Gershwin - Rhapsody in Blue