SAP QM. Prepared by Lavanya.M. Quality Management. Quality Management Module deals with all traditional functions of quality in an organization. The integration of the QM application component in the SAP system allows quality management tasks to be combined with those in other
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Prepared by Lavanya.M
Quality Management Module deals with all
traditional functions of quality in an organization.
The integration of the QM application component
in the SAP system allows quality management
tasks to be combined with those in other
applications (such as materials management,
production, sales and distribution and cost
The QM application component supports tasks associated with quality planning, quality
inspection and quality control. In addition, it controls the creation of quality certificates and manages
problems with the help of quality notifications.
The following components are available in QM:
Inspection Plan / Routing
Inspection Lot Creation
Sample Drawing Instructions
Result Recording Record Defects
Quality Posting if necessary
Create Q – Notification Quantity Posting if necessaryQuality Inspection Process
Quality planning enables you to manage basic data for quality, inspection planning and material specifications.
The integration of the Quality planning component in the SAP system allows
quality planning tasks to be combined with those of other components such
as materials management, batch management, inventory management,
variant configuration and cost accounting.
Quality inspection covers the following functions:
This functional capability is used to constantly check the quality of the company’s products. Therefore
the inspection plans and characteristics are used. The inspection process mainly consists of the
following four steps:
Inspection can be triggered at a number of inspection origins:
Create a inspection – QP01 (Transaction code)
Enter the material and Plant details
Enter the mandatory details in the screen, click on Task list
Enter the Task info and Lot size of the Materials and click on operations
Enter the Control Key and work center, click on save.
In the Quality Management (QM) component, process
quality inspections on the basis of Inspection lots. If you
want to inspect a specific quantity of a material or a piece
of equipment, an inspection lot must be created in the
We can create the inspection lots automatically or manually
and how you use the inspection lots to process different types
Once an inspection lot has been created, you can inspect
the goods, record the inspection results or defects, and
complete the inspection with a usage decision.
Create a inspection lot – QA01 (Transaction code)
Enter the Material and plant details, with the Inspection lot origin and click on Enter
Note:The system uses inspection lot origin and the inspection type to determine how an inspection lot will be created and processed. The inspection lot origins are predefined by SAP in Customizing for Inspection Lot Creation. You cannot define your own inspection lot origins.
Enter the Mandatory details in the screen and Click on enter
Now click on save
Once you click on Enter in the Previous screen. The message will be displayed as below.
Inspection lot is created.
Results can be recorded by using change inspection lot creation or through defect screen.
Change Inspection lot: QA02 (Transaction code)
Record Defects : QF01 (Transaction code)
Enter the Inspection lot id. Click Defects Tab
Select the Type of defect to Record.
Choose the record Type click on enter
The report category defines the form and content of the defects data. It links a catalog profile (schematized value list) to a confirmation profile (recording form).
The defects data is recorded on the basis of report categories and stored in the form of quality notifications.
Click on Notification
Type the code, no. of defects and click on Enter
Quality notifications are used to process and document quality
related problems within a standardized process. Quality notifications
consist of basic header data such as material, reference documents,
batch numbers, etc. and detailed information about the
Additionally to that, tasks and activities can be
tracked to support an internal CAPA (Corrective and
Preventive Actions) process.
Notifications can e.g. be used for:
Enter the Details in all Tabs and click on back icon and click on save button.
Type the Task
Result, notification and Defect data saved
Enter the Inspection lot and Click on usage decision
We can navigate to any of the above screens, by clicking the button
The usage decision for an inspection lot confirms that all physical samples have been valuated and the inspection has been completed. It also specifies whether the goods in the inspection lot have been accepted or rejected for use. We can make the usage decision manually or the system can make the decision automatically.
Select the appropriate value and click on save
Click on back Button
Enter the comments
Usage decision is saved for the material
Quality certificates document the following of certain quality requirements. They
are mostly used during the collaboration with suppliers or subcontractors
(incoming certificates) to document the quality standards of incoming goods or
when acting as a supplier, to document the company’s quality standards
themselves (outgoing certificates).
Quality certificates can guarantee:
Enter the Certificate code and press Enter
To create Certificate use QC51 (Transaction code)
You can Navigate any above screens, click on the respective Tabs
We can Track the Certificate status details
Standard Reports in QM
Queries are always welcome.
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Thanks & Happy Learning..