History Of The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By: Jabor Al-Kuwari 8C. Pre-Colonization Period:.
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By: Jabor Al-Kuwari 8C
Earlyhistory of Congocovers most of the Congo River basin occupied today by the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Angola's Cabinda province and northern Angola. The current territory of the Democratic Republic of Congo was occupied by humans in the Paleolithic from at least 80,000 years ago. There were waves of Bantu migrations from 2000 BC to 500 AD moving into the basin from the northwest and covers the pre-colonial states absorbed or overthrown by the colonial powers. The Bantu migrations added to and displaced the indigenous Pygmy populations into the southern regions of the modern Congo states. The Bantu imported agriculture and iron-working techniques from West Africa into the area, as well as establishing the Bantu language family as the primary set of tongues for the Congolese. Subsequent migrations from the Darfur and Kordofan regions of Sudan into the north of Congo, as well as East Africans migrating into the eastern Congo, added to the mix of ethnic groups.
King Leopold II (Picture shown below) wanted Belgium to have colonies across the world like Britain, and France. He planned to colonize it for 30 years, until they tricked the superpowers, by invading large parts of central Africa including Congo. It was his only option out of all the countries in the world. He saw it as a great land, like parent-child relationship. King Leopold II was interested in profits, and didn’t care about human rights. At that time, Belgium was in a financial crisis, their debt was over 110% of the GDP. The solution to that problem was to colonize Congo, because of it’s enrichment of natural resources such as gold, diamond, tin, copper etc. It attracted foreign investment in Belgium and it’s colonies.