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Prohibition (18 th Amendment) Outlaws the sale, manufacture and transportation of intoxicating beverages. Introduction to Prohibition. What was Prohibition? Define Temperance Define Morality Define Pious How did prohibition bring out organized crime?

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Prohibition (18th Amendment)Outlaws the sale, manufacture and transportation of intoxicating beverages

introduction to prohibition
Introduction to Prohibition
  • What was Prohibition?
  • Define Temperance
  • Define Morality
  • Define Pious
  • How did prohibition bring out organized crime?
  • Can and should the government institute morality into our society?
slide4
I. 18th Amendment; ratified 1919, took effect Jan. of 1920

II. Where and why did it begin?

    • A. Middle America – Bible Belt
    • B. Pious Movement
    • C. Moral (Morality) Crusade
        • Evils of Alcohol
iii prohibition organizations
III. Prohibition Organizations
  • A. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement

What is Temperance

Carrie Nation – Molly Hatchet

iii prohibition organizations cont
III. Prohibition Organizations cont.
  • B. Anti-Saloon League

Wyanne Wheeler

Movement became more powerful politically

  • C. Impact of WWI
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IV. Who approved it? Every state except for Connecticut, Rhode Island and New JerseyUS became “Dry” in January 1920
v volstead act
V. Volstead Act
  • Defines what is illegal and outlines the enforcement of Prohibition
  • Exceptions to the rule
    • For example Church or medicine
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VI. The Enforcers –

Prohibition Bureau

A. Prohibition Agents

B. Izzy and Moe

viii road to repealing prohibition
VIII. Road to Repealing Prohibition
  • A. Corruption in the Prohibition Bureau
  • B. Organized Crime “Speakeasies”
    • Gangsters owned speakeasies and by 1925 there were over 100,000 speakeasies in New York City alone.
  • C. Rum Runners
  • D. Drys vs. Wets
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PROHIBITION

Al Capone

Elliot Ness, part of the Untouchables

Chicago gangster during Prohibition who controlled the “bootlegging” industry.

Agent with the U.S. Treasury Department's Prohibition Bureau during a time when bootlegging was rampant throughout the nation.

Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a hidden underground brewery during the prohibition era.

end of prohibition
End of Prohibition
  • VIII. 21st Amendment- 1933

Repeal of 18th Amendment