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Welcome in Vienna?. Reception of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Austria‘s Capital. Personal 10 years asylum field Lawyer (ai) Research (ICMPD) EQUAL project management (Volkshilfe). Organisational Volkshilfe Österreich DON‘T WAIT – Work and Qualification for Asylum Seekers!

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welcome in vienna

Welcome in Vienna?

Reception of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Austria‘s Capital

reporter s data

10 years asylum field

Lawyer (ai)

Research (ICMPD)

EQUAL project management (Volkshilfe)


Volkshilfe Österreich

DON‘T WAIT – Work and Qualification for Asylum Seekers!

[email protected] - migrants in home care

Reporter‘s Data
presentation structure
Presentation Structure
  • Vienna: Immigration characteristics
  • Actual Austrian Asylum Policy
  • Integration of Asylum Seekers
  • NGO Perspectives on Asylum
  • Conclusions
  • Contacts
population in general
Population in general
  • Austria: 8 million inhabitants
  • Vienna: 1,5 million inhabitans
ethnic minorities
Ethnic Minorities
  • Austria: 1,5 million who were not Austrian citizens when born (18%)
  • Vienna: about 30% not Austrian citizens when born
integration contract
„Integration Contract“
  • Federal Law, since 2002, reform 2005
  • Compulsory German lessons for immigrants: originally 100 hours, reform 2005 foresees 300 hours + exam compulsory
  • New Immigration Strategy: Saisonal work + key forces („New Economy“)
actual austrian asylum policy1
Actual Austrian Asylum Policy

Plenty new laws ...

  • Asylum Act 1997
  • Asylum Act 2003 (Constitutional Court stated several violations of the constitutional law)
  • Asylum Act 2005
asylum act 2005
Asylum Act 2005
  • Protection against deportation: weakening during appeals against formal decisions (Third Secure State, Dublin)
  • Traumaticed refugees are no longer excepted of Dublin procedure
  • Independent Federal Asylum Review Bord: plus 15 Judges
immigration act 2005
Immigration Act 2005
  • Detention pending deportation: from 6 month up to 10 months and coercive nutrition
  • Penal law: higher punishment for human smuggling and fake marriages
  • Familiy reunification: access to labour market already after 1 year (previous: 2-3 years)
statistics applications decline background
Statistics: Applications Decline Background
  • End of Yugoslav civil wars
  • Crisis in Afghanistan/ Iraq urge less people to flight
  • Main counries of origin: Russia (Tetscheny) and Serbia-Montenegro
  • Dublin Convention and EURODAC
integration of asylum seekers1
Integration of Asylum Seekers
  • Notion of Integration
  • Access Labour Market
  • Accomodation, nutrition and advice
  • Access education & vocational training
notion of integration
Notion of Integration
  • Rise to middle class as essential element of integration
  • One who can‘t perform like middle class is perceived as „foreigner“

August Gächter, Vienna 2005

ZSI, Centre for Social Inovation

integration needs
Integration needs ...
  • Rights
  • Education
  • Recognition of Capacities & Knowledge
  • Replacement in bad jobs

August Gächter, Vienna 2005

ZSI, Centre for Social Inovation

access labour market
Access Labour Market
  • Asylum Seekers: saisonal work or new self employed (see DON‘T WAIT)
  • Subsidary protected: access afte 1 year
  • Recognized refugees: access as Austrians
  • Volkshilfe position: Access to labour market after 6 month + accelerated acceptance procedures for foreign certificates
accomodation nutrition advice
AccomodationNutrition - Advice
  • Basic Welfare Support
  • Convention between Länder (federal territories) and Bund (state)
  • Covers all asylum seekers (previous: 1/3)
  • Detention pending deportation is still used very extensively although there would be more human and economic possibilities
access education vocational training
Access Education & Vocational Training
  • Labour market authorities (AMS) excludes asylum seekers
  • Access to private education market
  • Costs! – Innovative Support by EQUAL advice structures (DON‘T WAIT, Epima etc.)
education as comming ngo policy perspective
Education as commingNGO Policy Perspective
  • Education & Vocational Training: answer to restricted access to the labour market
  • Double-Screening: Geneva Convention and national labour market demand
  • Training Plan: Fit of personal skills and labour marked demands
  • Focus on vocational training and double screening
  • In case of return (reduced probability): development aid
  • In case of stay: win-win-situation