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Chapter 3: Cinematography

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Chapter 3: Cinematography. Film Stock. Selection enables cinematographer to control Color reproduction Light sensitivity Contrast levels Sharpness Grain and resolution. Aspect Ratio. Classical Hollywood ratio (1.33:1) Widescreen ratios (1.85:1, 2.35:1) Anamorphic widescreen

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film stock
Film Stock
  • Selection enables cinematographer to control
    • Color reproduction
    • Light sensitivity
    • Contrast levels
    • Sharpness
    • Grain and resolution
aspect ratio
Aspect Ratio
  • Classical Hollywood ratio (1.33:1)
  • Widescreen ratios (1.85:1, 2.35:1)
    • Anamorphic widescreen
  • Video conversion
    • Pan-and-scan
    • Letterbox (hard matte)
lighting design
Lighting Design
  • Realistic lighting
    • Simulates a source visible on screen
      • Practical
  • Pictorial lighting
    • Emphasizes visual effects more than source simulation
    • Thematic symbolism
hard and soft light
Hard and Soft Light
  • Hard light
    • Directional
    • High contrast, fast falloff
  • Soft light
    • Diffuse, non-directional
    • Slow falloff, lower contrast
lighting set ups high and low key
Lighting set-ups: High and Low Key
  • Classic 3-point lighting:
    • Key, fill, back lights
  • High key:
    • Low ratio between key and fill
    • Even illumination, few shadows
  • Low key:
    • High ratio between key and fill
    • Large areas of frame left underexposed
    • Shadows
functions of color cinematography
Functions of Color Cinematography
  • Convey symbolic meaning
  • Establish narrative organization
  • Convey mood and tone
cinematography and digital effects
Cinematography and Digital Effects
  • Compositing of live action and digital effects
    • Cinematography provides the live action components
      • Motion control camerwork
      • Greenscreening
  • Computer-generated images (CGI)
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