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Write reflection notes all day. Empty your mind of thoughts all the day One reflection for each paper . Anderson, H. H. (1959). Creativity in perspective. In H. H. Anderson (Eds.), Creativity and its cultivation, New York, Harper . Motivation. Avoid external evaluation (1/6).

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write reflection notes all day
Write reflection notes all day

Empty your mind of thoughts all the day

One reflection for each paper

Anderson, H. H. (1959). Creativity in perspective. In H. H. Anderson (Eds.), Creativity and its cultivation, New York, Harper

avoid external evaluation 1 6
Avoid external evaluation (1/6)

External evaluation is power OVER the innovator...

Power over another is the ultimate achievement of conformity by the individual to external standards

Anderson, H. H. (1959). Creativity in perspective. In H. H. Anderson (Eds.), Creativity and its cultivation, New York, Harper

avoid external evaluation 2 6
Avoid external evaluation (2/6)

Extrinsic motives can cause a person to

divide his/her attention

between extrinsic goals and the task at hand

Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity. New York, Springer-Verlag

avoid external evaluation 3 6
Avoid external evaluation (3/6)

Contracting for a reward leads to

lower levels of creativity

McGraw, K. O, & McCullers, J. C. (1979). Evidence of a detrimental effect of extrinsic incentives on breaking a mental set. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 15, 285-294

Kruglanski, A. W., Friedman, I., & Zeevi, G. (1971). The effects of intrinsic incentives on some qualitative aspects of performance. Journal of Personality, 39, 606-617

Hennesey, B. A. (1989). The effect of extrinsic constraints on children’s creativity while using a computer. Creativity Research Journal, 2, 151-168

avoid external evaluation 4 6
Avoid external evaluation (4/6)

Reward and recognition that

confirm competence (creative performance)

are synergistic to intrinsic factors

- and therefore increase creativity

No reward/recognition for output

Eisenberger, R., & Rhoades, L. (2001). Incremental effects of reward on creativity, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 728-741

Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York, Plenum

avoid external evaluation 5 6
Avoid external evaluation (5/6)

Positive evaluation

prior to a performance

has negative effects on creativity

Bartis, S., Szymanski, K., & Harkins, S. G. (1988). Evaluation and performance: A two-edged knife. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14, 242-251

Berglas, S., Amabile, T. M., & Handel, M. (1981). Effects of evaluation on children’s artistic creativity. Unpublished manuscript, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

Amabile, T. M., Goldfarb, P., & Brackfield, S. (1990). Social influences on creativity: Evaluation, coaction, and surveillance. Creativity Research Journal, 3, 6-21

avoid external evaluation 6 6
Avoid external evaluation (6/6)

Gain reward (winning) diminishes creativity

Non-gain (avoid losing) increases creativity

Friedman, R. S. (2009). Reinvestigating the effects of promised reward on creativity, Creativity Research Journal, 21, 258-264

avoid person focus
Avoid person focus

Factors that are work/task focused

rather than person-focused

are positively related to creativity

Runco, M. A., & Chand, I. (1995). Cognition and creativity. Educational Psychology Review, 7, 243-267

Sternberg, R. J. and Lubart, T. I. (1996). Investing in creativity, American Psychologist, 51, 677-688

create task focus
Create task focus

Creative insights arise when people

are focused on a particular problem,

thus not focused on themselves

or any other factor around

Kaplan, C. A. & Simon, H. A. (1990). In search for insight. Cognitive Psychology, 22, 374-419

Bowers, K. S., Regehr, G., Balthazard, C., & Parker, K. (1990). Intuition in the context of discovery. Cognitive Psychology, 22, 72-109

sleep thirst food
Sleep, thirst, food...

Self-actualized creativity is

the spontaneous expression of the person

whose basic needs have been satisfied

Maslow, A. H. (1968). Toward a psychology of being (2nd ed.). Princeton, NJ, Van Nostrand Reinhold

keep it simple and short
Keep it simple and short

A highly intrinsically motivated state is achieved when

people are engaged in an activity where the

challenges match their level of skills

Csikszentmihalyi, M. & Csikszentmihalyi, I. S. (Eds.). (1988). Optimal experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness. Cambridge University Press

task focus
Task focus

No personal introduction

- but replaced by other kinds of introduction

Byrge, C. (2010). Conceptualisation of creativity practices through action research: The case of the creative platform at aalborg university, PhD thesis, Aalborg University

task focus1
Task focus

Never focus on the participants...

- background

- education

- work experience

- personal preferences

etc.

Byrge, C. (2010). Conceptualisation of creativity practices through action research: The case of the creative platform at aalborg university, PhD thesis, Aalborg University

task focus2
Task focus

Never focus on the participants...

NEVER SAY: “You are an economist, so...”

NEVER SAY: “You are a sailor, so...”

NEVER SAY: “You have tried this before, so...”

Byrge, C. (2010). Conceptualisation of creativity practices through action research: The case of the creative platform at aalborg university, PhD thesis, Aalborg University

task focus3
Task focus

Make the task at hand fill as much as possible

- Put it on the wall

- Write it down in front of you (leave it on the table)

Byrge, C. (2010). Conceptualisation of creativity practices through action research: The case of the creative platform at aalborg university, PhD thesis, Aalborg University

task focus4
Task focus

Make the task at hand fill as much as possible

- Remove any artifact that reminds of previous tasks

- Only bring in artifacts WHEN they are needed

Byrge, C. (2010). Conceptualisation of creativity practices through action research: The case of the creative platform at aalborg university, PhD thesis, Aalborg University