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ENGLAND. Absolutism in England. Fall of the ROMAN Empire. Kingdom of England falls in and out of power between several and kings for a period of several hundred years. ANGLO-SAXON. DANISH. NORMAN CONQUEST. - Duke of Normandy

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england

ENGLAND

Absolutism in England

fall of the roman empire
Fall of the ROMAN Empire
  • Kingdom of England falls in and out of power between several

and kings for a period of several

hundred years

ANGLO-SAXON

DANISH

norman conquest
NORMAN CONQUEST
  • - Duke of Normandy

crossed the English Channel & invaded

England

  • Battle of - William becomes King
  • Was a monarch
  • book – census of population, property, wealth

1066

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR

HASTINGS

STRONG

DOMESDAY

government developments
GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENTS

JURY

  • - system – became a means of settling disputes
  • - laws the same for all people
  • - issued in 1215; placed limits on king’s power (opposite of ); rose from dispute between nobles & King

COMMON LAW

MAGNA CARTA

ABSOLUTISM

JOHN

3 magna carta cont

GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENTS

3. MAGNA CARTA cont.
  • No without
  • Right to a trial by
  • Influenced the U.S.

&

TAXATION

REPRESENTATION

JURY

CONSTITUTION

BILL OF RIGHTS

slide6

GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENTS

EDWARD I

PARLIAMENT

4. - 1295 King

called together representatives from around England to meet to raise taxes for war

*included not just nobles, but knights & citizens

Became standard practice with two houses:

  • House of - nobles/bishops
  • House of - knights & burgesses – citizens of wealth

LORDS

COMMONS

slide7

HENRY VIII

http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/how-henry-viii-worked/

1509

- becomes King of England

- not having male to throne, asked Catholic Church to

his marriage to his wife after years of marriage, she was & could not longer have children.

Henry wanted a ; the Pope his request

He secretly married Ann Boleyn & was

HEIR

1527

ANNUL

24

42

DIVORCE

DENIED

EXCOMMUNICATED

slide8

HENRY VIII

POPE

PARLIAMENT

Henry disregarded the & forced to legalize his divorce & break away from the Catholic Church in . After the other churches had been

formed; Henry

became the

head of

England’s

Boleyn was crowned

1534

REFORMATION

OFFICIAL

CHURCH

QUEEN

slide9

HENRY VIII

Boleyn gave birth to a daughter & had the same problem as Catherine; no male

Henry had Anne

and her and her brother were

in 1536

Henry married Jane Seymour and she gave birth to a in 1537 & died two weeks later

HEIR

ARRESTED

BEHEADED

SON

slide10

ENGLAND BECOMES PROTESTANT

3

Henry VIII married more times after the death of Jane Seymour.

produced any children

1547 – Henry died – his only son

became King at only

years old – in ill health, he died at

Henry’s daughter from his marriage became Queen – she was Catholic & returned England to Catholic control under the

NONE

EDWARD VI

9

15

1st

POPE

slide11

ENGLAND BECOMES PROTESTANT

42

Mary died in 1558 at the age of she had no children. She was succeeded by Elizabeth, Henry’s daughter from his wife. She was - 1559 England left the Catholic Church – created the Church of England or

Church

  • Allowed to marry
  • Conducted services in

rather than

2nd

PROTESTANT

ANGLICAN

PRIESTS

ENGLISH

LATIN

slide12

QUEEN ELIZABETH I

http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/elizabeth-the-first-before-she-was-queen/

1603

1558

Ruled from to (45 yrs)

Her rule was known as the

Era

  • - famous playwright
  • - 1st Englishman to circumnavigate the globe
  • - led colonization of America

ELIZABETHAN

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

FRANCIS DRAKE

WALTER RALEIGH

slide13

CONFLICT WITH SPAIN

ARMADA

130

30,000

The Spanish fleet of ships with men set sail to invade England

They were defeated by the English and very bad . The victory tremendously

Elizabeth’s popularity.

She died in -

she is considered by

many to be England’s

NAVY

INCREASED

WEATHER

1603

GREATEST

MONARCH

slide14

STUARTS ABSOLUTISM

MARRIED

Elizabeth was never

and had children. Her cousin James Stuart, King of became King in . The Stuart rulers believed in -

no limit on power; this conflicted with

King James died in and his son became King;

NO

SCOTLAND

1603

DIVINE RIGHT

PARLIAMENT

1625

CHARLES I

slide15

STUARTS ABSOLUTISM

CONFLICT

IGNORING

TAXES

Charles was in constant with Parliament – usually for them and levying high to fight wars. When he needed Parliament – they

to cooperate and forced him to sign the of in 1628. He had to agree to:

  • Not anyone without just cause
  • Could not without Parliament’s consent
  • Could not force anyone to house
  • Could not impose law

REFUSED

PETITION

RIGHT

IMPRISON

TAX

SOLDIERS

MARTIAL

http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/rival-queens-mary-stuart-and-elizabeth-i/

slide16

MORE TROUBLE FOR CHARLES

  • Ignored much of Petition of Right upsetting
  • Appointed special courts (Court of the chamber) to persecute those who disagreed with him
  • Married a
  • Faced rebellion in who feared

PARLIAMENT

STAR

CATHOLIC

SCOTLAND

UNIFICATION

slide17

MORE TROUBLE FOR CHARLES cont.

CIVIL

1642

LOYAL

Finally in a war broke out between the supporters of King Charles & the supporters of Parliament – the war would last

Years and become known as the

PURITAN

ENGLISH CIVIL WAR

slide18

ENGLISH CIVIL WAR

  • CAVALIERS

- supporters of Charles

vs.

- supporters of Parliament

The led by the “New Model Army” headed by

defeated the

- King Charles was arrested in 1647, put on trial for

and in 1649

ROUNDHEADS

ROUNDHEADS

OLIVER CROMWELL

  • CAVALIERS

TREASON

BEHEADED

slide19

OLIVER CROMWELL

  • MONARCHY

LORDS

  • Abolished the ,

House of and the Church

of

  • Set up republic called
  • Persecuted
  • 1653 – dissolved
  • Took title “Lord Protector” & ruled as a
  • Tried to society under Puritan values - promoted

ENGLAND

COMMONWEALTH

  • CATHOLICS

PARLIAMENT

MILITARY DICTATOR

REFORM

MORALITY

slide20

THE RESTORATION

  • CHARLES II

1660 – Charles I son

restored the monarchy

- passed in -

an arrested person has the right to

know charges against him – and

defend themselves in front of a judge

1685 – Charles II died & had no

King James II upset because he was

*He would be England’s last

ruler

1679

HABEAS CORPUS

  • CHILDREN
  • CATHOLIC

ROMAN CATHOLIC

slide21

GLORIOUS REVOLUTION 1688

  • ABDICATE

FRANCE

James II was forced to the throne because of his religion and fled to

Parliament wanted a ruler in England

James II’s oldest from his first marriage was Protestant; Mary & her husband William became the new rulers

PROTESTANT

  • DAUGHTER
slide22

WILLIAM & MARY RULE ENGLAND

  • ABSOLUTE

CONSTITUTIONAL

Not as rulers but as a monarch

Were forced by Parliament to accept the English Bill of Rights (1689). They could not:

  • Parliament’s laws
  • Levy without permission
  • with freedom of speech
  • citizens who question the monarchy
  • SUSPEND

TAXES

INTERFERE

ARREST

slide23

WORKS CITED

William I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/77028/media?assemblyId=120754>.

Magna Carta: John signing the Magna Carta. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/50003/media?assemblyId=87844>.

John: John signing the Magna Carta. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/50003/media?assemblyId=110755>.

parliament: Elizabethan Parliament. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/58522/media?assemblyId=89858>.

Holbein, Hans, the Younger: portrait of Henry VIII . Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/40026/media?assemblyId=119984>.

Maclise, Daniel. Daniel Maclise Henry VIIIs First Interview with Anne Boleyn.jpg. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 9 Feb. 2013. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Daniel_Maclise_Henry_VIIIs_first_interview_with_Anne_Boleyn.jpg>.

Anne Boleyn. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/7683/media?assemblyId=8484>.

slide24

WORKS CITED cont.

Edward VI. IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://media3.school.eb.com/eb-media/67/167-004-E330D174.jpg>.

Elizabeth I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106028/media?assemblyId=10392>.

Royal Navy, the: English navy and the Spanish Armada, 1588. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/9497/media?assemblyId=117456>.

Charles I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/22559/media?assemblyId=9308>.

Charles I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/22559/media?assemblyId=139099>.

Cromwell, Oliver. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/109638/media?assemblyId=1280>.

Cromwell, Oliver. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/109638/media?assemblyId=110131>.

slide25

WORKS CITED cont.

Mary II: William III and Mary II. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/68046/media?assemblyId=122533>.