ENGLAND. Absolutism in England. Fall of the ROMAN Empire. Kingdom of England falls in and out of power between several and kings for a period of several hundred years. ANGLO-SAXON. DANISH. NORMAN CONQUEST. - Duke of Normandy
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Absolutism in England
and kings for a period of several
crossed the English Channel & invaded
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
4. - 1295 King
called together representatives from around England to meet to raise taxes for war
*included not just nobles, but knights & citizens
Became standard practice with two houses:
- becomes King of England
- not having male to throne, asked Catholic Church to
his marriage to his wife after years of marriage, she was & could not longer have children.
Henry wanted a ; the Pope his request
He secretly married Ann Boleyn & was
Henry disregarded the & forced to legalize his divorce & break away from the Catholic Church in . After the other churches had been
Boleyn was crowned
Boleyn gave birth to a daughter & had the same problem as Catherine; no male
Henry had Anne
and her and her brother were
Henry married Jane Seymour and she gave birth to a in 1537 & died two weeks later
Henry VIII married more times after the death of Jane Seymour.
produced any children
1547 – Henry died – his only son
became King at only
years old – in ill health, he died at
Henry’s daughter from his marriage became Queen – she was Catholic & returned England to Catholic control under the
Mary died in 1558 at the age of she had no children. She was succeeded by Elizabeth, Henry’s daughter from his wife. She was - 1559 England left the Catholic Church – created the Church of England or
Ruled from to (45 yrs)
Her rule was known as the
The Spanish fleet of ships with men set sail to invade England
They were defeated by the English and very bad . The victory tremendously
She died in -
she is considered by
many to be England’s
Elizabeth was never
and had children. Her cousin James Stuart, King of became King in . The Stuart rulers believed in -
no limit on power; this conflicted with
King James died in and his son became King;
Charles was in constant with Parliament – usually for them and levying high to fight wars. When he needed Parliament – they
to cooperate and forced him to sign the of in 1628. He had to agree to:
Finally in a war broke out between the supporters of King Charles & the supporters of Parliament – the war would last
Years and become known as the
ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
- supporters of Charles
- supporters of Parliament
The led by the “New Model Army” headed by
- King Charles was arrested in 1647, put on trial for
and in 1649
House of and the Church
1660 – Charles I son
restored the monarchy
- passed in -
an arrested person has the right to
know charges against him – and
defend themselves in front of a judge
1685 – Charles II died & had no
King James II upset because he was
*He would be England’s last
James II was forced to the throne because of his religion and fled to
Parliament wanted a ruler in England
James II’s oldest from his first marriage was Protestant; Mary & her husband William became the new rulers
Not as rulers but as a monarch
Were forced by Parliament to accept the English Bill of Rights (1689). They could not:
William I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/77028/media?assemblyId=120754>.
Magna Carta: John signing the Magna Carta. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/50003/media?assemblyId=87844>.
John: John signing the Magna Carta. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/50003/media?assemblyId=110755>.
parliament: Elizabethan Parliament. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/58522/media?assemblyId=89858>.
Holbein, Hans, the Younger: portrait of Henry VIII . Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/40026/media?assemblyId=119984>.
Maclise, Daniel. Daniel Maclise Henry VIIIs First Interview with Anne Boleyn.jpg. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 9 Feb. 2013. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Daniel_Maclise_Henry_VIIIs_first_interview_with_Anne_Boleyn.jpg>.
Anne Boleyn. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/7683/media?assemblyId=8484>.
Edward VI. IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://media3.school.eb.com/eb-media/67/167-004-E330D174.jpg>.
Elizabeth I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106028/media?assemblyId=10392>.
Royal Navy, the: English navy and the Spanish Armada, 1588. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/9497/media?assemblyId=117456>.
Charles I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/22559/media?assemblyId=9308>.
Charles I. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/22559/media?assemblyId=139099>.
Cromwell, Oliver. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/109638/media?assemblyId=1280>.
Cromwell, Oliver. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/109638/media?assemblyId=110131>.
Mary II: William III and Mary II. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/68046/media?assemblyId=122533>.