Current Uses of Computers in UK Business and Industry Kevin J Needham Met Office 20th November 2001
The Talk • Who am I • What is the Met Office? • The Weather Machine! • Some IT Challenges • The Future • Summary • Questions
I.e. a Bit of..... • History - what done/learned • Now - what doing • Future - where going
I was asked to • Show how computers enhance the performance of business users. • You will see that "The Met Office needs IT like a fish needs water.” • CAN YOU READ THIS OK???
Who am I? - why should I be here talking to you? • Kevin J Needham • Project and Programme Management and IT Training Programme Manager at the Met Office College in Reading • Been with Met. Office 21 Years from Research, Training, Strategy, Y2K etc
My Experience • Most recent past - Project 2000 - • Deputy Project Manager Stage 1-3 • Testing & Technical Information Manager • Y2K Business Continuity Manager for Government Departments (PMS, DHSS, DETR, Home Office etc) • Future - IT?/Met?/????
What can we do today? • Barely scratch the surface • It will be “fast and furious” • Give you a flavour • Leave you wanting to know more? • Tell you where to find it!!
Rules if engagement • We have a lot to get through, so Please leave questions to the end • In the unlikely event of you going to sleep - PLEASE DON’T SNORE zzzzzz • WARNING Laugh at the “Jokes” or they get worse!!!!
The Met Office - what do we do? • TV forecasts?? BBC & ITV • Newspapers?? • CEEFAX • The Weather programme • BUT WHAT ELSE? The above is less than 1% of our business
A few vital Statistics • As of March 2001..... • 147 years old • Trading Fund
History of Met Office • 1854 - Established Meteorological Dept. Of the Board of Trade. • 1867 - Became Meteorological Office • 1914 - Separate Met. For each armed force. • 1920 - Part of Air Ministry • 1964 - Became MOD
History of Met Office • 1990 (April 2) Next Steps Executive Agency • 1993 First Charter • 1996(April 1) Trading Fund • Met Office run as a business.
A Business? • Continued and proven improvements in Quality of service • Greater flexibility • Sustained improvement for less money • Reduction in staff - increased use automation
What’s in a Brand? • When you see this logo - what do you associate with us? • November 2000 “The Met.Office became
Why? • The Odyssey Project (1998) examined scenarios of our future. • Key outcome - to widen our horizons - moving the ‘Met Office’ to becoming the nation’s key provider in the wider field of natural environmental services such as hydrology and oceanography, not just ‘weather’.
Why? • To become a key player in development of European meteorological collaboration. • Fully embrace internet, its emerging technologies and the huge potential of e-commerce. • Did our old Brand say all this??? • Does our new one???
Brand & IT • New templates for fax, letter, web, etc • Machine ready brand, logo etc • Revamped Web site • All products re-badged • All customer systems rebadged • All on a single day to maintain the impact…..
Competitors - do we have them? • YES!!! - lots of them • In 1999 - Strategic “arms length” business unit - to compete on a level playing field • “Buy” services from the Met. Office • Same services provided to competitors - same charges
DPDS • Data & Products Distribution Service • Set up 4 years ago to provide our competitors with “push” or “pull” data and products via internet • European and world wide • Ahead of its time • Continually improved
A few vital Statistics • As of March 2001..... • 147 years old • Trading Fund • Staff - 2213 • Directors 10 (plus CE) • 7 Executive, 3(4) non executive
Our Management Board Peter Ewins - CE Paul Mason - Chief Scientist Colin Flood - Operations Director Roger Hunt - PS Business Director Jim Caughey - Technical Director Philip Mabe - Finance Director Martin Sands - Company Secretary Stephen Lawrenson - Commercial MD MO Board above + 3/4 Non Exec But what about IT?
“Divisional Structure” - “Matrix work” moving towards a Process Based structure
Staff • MOD Civil servants & contractors • Split 50/50 between R&D/support/sales and forecasting • Scientists & Admin - single grade structure • Competency based assessment of posts, skills and achievement
Staff 1970 3500 1980 2750 1990 2500 1996 2138 1998 2204 2000 2219 2001 ???? Computers 1970 2 1980 300 1990 6000 1996 10000 1998 15000 2000 ????? Staff vs Computers
A few vital Statistics • As of March 2001..... • 147 years old • Trading Fund • Staff - 2213 • Directors 11 (inc CE) • 100 UK Sites( + Overseas)
Bracknell Sites • HQ - NMC, Ops. Centre, Admin • Development, Library • Sutton -Business • Johnson -Business Systems • Hadley -Climate Research • Scott -Marine & Archives • P Duffryn-Relocation, HR & Services • Beaufort Park - Experimental Site • Simpson - Stores & Contracts
Other Sites • Met O College - Reading • Met Research Unit - Cardington • Met Research Flight - Farnborough • JCMM - Reading University • RSI - Farnborough • regional Weather Centres in main cities - inc London, Cardiff, Manchester…..
also • Port Met Offices • ADAS • MAFF • Lighthouses • RAF - UK • Navy, ARMY RANGES, Airports • Local Councils, Auxilliaries etc And that’s just the UK!
Overseas • All RAF bases overseas • All military operations overseas • Mobile unit • Other bases • Cyprus, Falklands • Dependent on ALL other met services in ALL other countries in peace and war.
Defence outstations Lossiemouth Key: South Uist Kinloss Subsidiary Forecast Office MAIN MET. OFFICE Leuchars Observing Office Principal Forecast Office West Freugh Leeming Eskmeals Dishforth Linton-on-Ouse Valley WADDINGTON Coningsby Cranwell Cottesmore Coltishall Shawbury Marham Wittering Aberporth Wattisham HQSTC Northolt BRIZE NORTON Shoeburyness Lyneham Benson Manston Larkhill Odiham Boscombe Down Boscombe Down Middle Wallop St. Mawgan 1 March 1997
Gütersloh Gibraltar Akrotiri Laarbruch Brüggen HQ 2 GP (RAF) Germany Ascension Island Main Met. Office Area Met. Office Subsidiary Forecasting Office Falkland Islands Defence outstations overseas
With all the tech, pilots still trust the Forecaster with their lives!!!
A few vital Statistics • As of March 2001..... • 147 years old • Trading Fund • Staff - 2213 • Directors 11 (inc CE) • 100 UK Sites( + Overseas) • Turnover ?
Money? • Turnover: - £154M • Expenditure:- £150M • Operating Profit:- £4M • ROCE 2.8% = In profit
The Met. Office • Multi-functional organisation • MOD owned • Responsible to Government • Has diverse responsibilities • Is a world-wide and world-class organisation • 24 hour, 365/6 days operation
Met Office • Our Vision: Through unrivalled know-how, to enable individuals, society and enterprises everywhere to make the most of the weather and the natural environment.
Met Office • Our Goals: To lead the world in advice on weather and the natural environment. To make the Met. Office a source of pride to our staff, our owner, and the public. This all requires VERY effective use of IT
The Met. Office is: • Accountable • TARGETS set and measured by NAO • eg 84% accuracy general forecast • Chartered • Investor in People
The Talk - where are we? • Who am I • What is the Met Office? • The Weather Machine! • Some IT Challenges • The Future • Summary • Questions
The Weather machine Verification R&D Transmission Support & Infrastructure Observations Prepare and give Product to Customer Input to Model Interpret Forecast
Observations • Many types • Surface, Upper air, satellite, Buoys, Ships, Aircraft, Radar, spherics • Methods • Manual - Met & auxilliary • automatic • Semi Automatic • Second, event, hourly… Yearly… • World-wide -co-operation • Future!! Why need observers? Why not fully automate???
Observations • Coded - alpha/numeric • World wide agreed standard (WMO) • achievement in itself!! • Language independent • World wide recognition!! • Continually changing - software changing!!!! WMO At GMT worldwide - 365/6 days - 24 hours Surface, Upper air, satellite, radar… War and peace