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Present time. Я читаю ( щовечора ) . I read every evening . – Present Simple Я читаю ( зараз ) . I am reading now. – Present Continuous Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку). I have been reading for three hours / since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous. Present time ( Я ЧИТАЮ ).

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present time1

Я читаю (щовечора).

I readevery evening. – Present Simple

  • Я читаю (зараз).

I am reading now. – Present Continuous

  • Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку).

Ihave been reading for three hours / since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous

Present time (Я ЧИТАЮ)
present simple formation
Present simple (formation)

(+) We likeEnglish.

1st form of the verb

He likes English.

1st form +s/es

(-) We don’t like English.

do + not + 1st form of the verb

He doesn’t like English.

does + not + 1st form of the verb

(?) Do you like English?

Whydo you like English?

Does he like English?

Whydoes he like English?

  • Pronunciation of –(e)s
    • [z]

ends, plays, plans, fills, does

    • [s]

asks, puts, stops

    • [iz]

passes, washes, teaches

    • Spelling
    • -ch, -sh, -s, -x +escatches, wishes, passes, fixes
    • A conconant +-y +es = ies

carries, studies

present simple use
Present simple (use)
  • Regular repeated / routine action

never seldom sometimes often usually always

every Sunday morning, three times a week

  • Permanent situations
  • Scientific facts
  • With stative verbs (instead of continuous forms)
  • Future (in timetables, regulations, programmes)
  • Time clauses with future meaning (as soon as, when, after, before, till, until, if)
  • We go swimming every Saturday.
  • He never gets home after 10 p.m.
  • They don’t often travel abroad.
  • He comes from Canada.
  • Water melts at 00 C.
  • Does she hear?
  • I’m sorry, but I strongly disagree.
  • The train leaves at 9.05.
  • When do the lessons begin?
  • I’ll see him as soon as/when I am free.
  • Give this to Jane if you can.
present continuous formation
Present continuous (formation)

(+) I am sitting in class.

He is sitting in class.

We are sitting in class.

be+ Ving

(-) I am not chewing.

He is not chewing now.

We are not chewing now.

be+ not + Ving

(?) Are you sleeping?

Whereare you going?

Is she sleeping?

Whereis she going?

  • Spelling –ingform
  • A consonant + -e = drop –e and add –ing

smile – smiling

  • One vowel + one consonant = double the consonant and add –ing

run - running

  • -ie + -ing = ying

die + ing = dying

  • Contracted forms
present continuous use
Present continuous (use)

With action verbs to talk about

  • actions happening now/ around now
  • changing / developing situations
  • temporary situations
  • annoying habits with always
  • arrangements and plans in future
  • I think he is watching a hockey match.
  • She’scarrying out an experiment.
  • The weather is getting better.
  • He is staying in the hotel.
  • He’s always buying her presents.
  • Are you leaving tomorrow?
present perfect continuous formation
Present perfect continuous (formation)

(+) I’vebeen cleaning the house.

He’sbeen cleaning the house.

have/has + been + Ving

(-) I haven’t been living inthe hotel.

Shehasn’t been living in the hotel.

have/has + not + been + Ving

(?) How long have you beenreading the book?

  • Contractions

(+) have = ’ve

has = ’s

(-) have + not = haven’t

has + not = hasn’t

present perfect continuous use
Present perfect continuous (use)
  • An action is not complete
  • An activity is temporary
  • A recent activity (effects are seen)
  • To emphasize how long an action has been going on
  • I’vebeen studying English.
  • I’vebeen living here for a year but I’m going to move.
  • I’vebeen running. I’ll take a shower.
  • He’sbeen replying to e-mails all morning.