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The Present Perfect

The Present Perfect

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The Present Perfect

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  1. The Present Perfect

  2. The Present Perfect • In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they haven’t eaten.

  3. The Present Perfect • To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs.

  4. The Present Perfect • To form the present perfect tense, we combine this past participle with the present tense of the verb haber.

  5. The Present Perfect • We generally use the Spanish present perfect in the same way we use its English equivalent.

  6. I have rented You have rented He, She It has rented We have rented They have rented The Present Perfect

  7. he alquilado has alquilado ha alquilado hemos alquilado habéis alquilado han alquilado The Present Perfect

  8. I have chosen You have chosen He, She It has chosen We have chosen They have chosen The Present Perfect

  9. he escogido has escogido ha escogido hemos escogido habéis escogido han escogido The Present Perfect

  10. I have decided You have decided He, She It has decided We have decided They have decided The Present Perfect

  11. he decidido has decidido ha decidido hemos decidido habéis decidido han decidido The Present Perfect

  12. The Present Perfect • No he reparado la bicicleta todavía. • I haven’t repaired the bicycle yet.

  13. The Present Perfect • ¿Qué trabajos has tenido? • What jobs have you had?

  14. The Present Perfect • Notice that when the past participle is used with forms of haber, the final -o never changes.

  15. The Present Perfect • Ricardo ha grabado su película favorita. • Sus hermanos han grabado una telenovela.

  16. The Present Perfect • Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the infinitive form (except those with the double vowel ui ) require an accent mark on the i in the past participle.

  17. The Present Perfect caído • Caer • Leer • Oír • Creer • Traer • Reír leído oído creído traído reído

  18. The Present Perfect • Notice that we place no and other negative words, object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly in front of the form of the verb haber.

  19. The Present Perfect • Has alquilado esa película alguna vez? • No, no la he alquilado nunca.

  20. The Present Perfect • Some verbs have irregular past participles. • Memorize this acronym: • REVV MAC PHDD

  21. R roto E escrito V visto V vuelto M muerto A abierto C cubierto P puesto H hecho D dicho D devuelto Romper Escribir Ver Volver Morir Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Devolver