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LUBRICANTS Overview

LUBRICANTS Overview

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LUBRICANTS Overview

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  1. LUBRICANTS Overview

  2. A Bit About Lubricants…..!!!

  3. How do we get our Product ?

  4. How is a Lubricant made? BASE OIL + ADDITIVES FINISHED LUBRICANT

  5. BASE OILS • Transformer Oil Base Stocks • Solvent Neutrals : 75 SM, 100 N,150 N, 500N, 1300 N • Bright Stocks : 150 BS • Turbine Oil Base Stocks : 150 T & 500 T • Pale Oils : 100 IO, 500 IO, 1600 IO • Axle Oils • Cylinder Oil Base Stocks • Naphthenic Base Oils: VG 12 & VG 100

  6. Anti Oxidants Anti Wear Agents Detergents Dispersants De-foamers Pour Point Depressants VI Improvers Demulsifiers Extreme Pressure Agents Rust Inhibitor Emulsifier Metal Deactivator Gelling Agent Bactericides Additives

  7. Lubricants Greases Automotive Oils Industrial Oils Specialties

  8. Automotive Lubricants Engine Oils Gear & Transmission Oils A.E.G.O Greases Specialties Brake Fluid Shock Absorber Oil Radiator Coolant

  9. PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS • VISCOSITY SAE NUMBER (10W,20W,30,40 etc) ISO VG NUMBER (100,150,220,320,460,680,1000 etc) • HARDNESS NLGI NUMBER (1, 2,3 etc) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS • API AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE • MIL-L U. S MILITARY SPECS • BIS INDIAN STANDARDS • ACEA ASSN DES CONSTRUCTEURS EUROPEENS DE • JASO JAPANESE AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS ORG • AGMA AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSN

  10. SAE J 300 DEC 99 Contd…

  11. SAE J 300 DEC 99

  12. Viscosity / Temperature Relationship Too Thick when cold Thick SAE 40 SAE10W40 Increasing Viscosity SAE 10W Too Thin when hot Thin Winter starting temperature Engine operating temperature 0oc 100oc

  13. WHY USE MULTI-GRADES ? • To Avoid Seasonal Oil Changes • To Help in Reducing Exhaust Emissions • To Reduce Oil Consumption • To Help in Cold Starting • To Reduce Drain of Battery at Start • Possible Savings in Fuel Consumption Upto 2~5% • Reduced Engine Wear at Start.

  14. "S" Service Station Classifications

  15. "S" Service Station Classifications

  16. "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications

  17. "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications

  18. "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications

  19. TYPE Approximate performance level US Military API CCMC E-PL1 E-PL2 E-PL3 E-DL1 E-DL2 E-DL3 E-DL4 MIL-L-2104B* SC - MIL-L-46152B* SF - MIL-L-46152D SG - MIL-L-2104B* CC - MIL-L-45199B CD - - CD Plus - - - D5 IS 13656 : 1993

  20. SAE Viscosity Grade Maximum Temp. (oC) for a Viscosity of 1,50,000 cP Kinematic Viscosity at 100 oC. in cSt. min. max. 70W (-) 55 4.1 - 75W (-) 40 4.1 - 80W (-) 26 7.0 - 85W (-) 12 11.0 - 90 - 13.5 < 24.0 140 - 24.0 < 41.0 250 - 41.0 - Viscosity Classification for Automotive Gear Oils (SAE J 306 MARCH '85)

  21. Engine Oils Petrol Engine Oils Diesel Engine Oils Petrol Engine Oils for 2 Stroke Engines Petrol Engine Oils for 4 Stroke Engines* Petrol Engine Oils for Cars Petrol Engine Oils for 4 Stroke Bikes

  22. TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF AN ENGINE OIL % >70 0 to 7 0 to 3 0 to 2 0 to 3 0.2 0.001 5 to 15 100% • Components • Base oils • Dispersants • Detergents • Anti-wear • Anti-oxidant • Pour point depressant • Anti-foam • Viscosity Improver • Quality oil (2 to 4) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (1 to 3) (1) (1) (1)

  23. Functions of Engine Oils • Permit Easier Starting • Lubricate and Prevent Wear • Reduce Friction • Protect Against Rust and Corrosion • Keep Engine Interiors Clean • Cool Engine Parts • Seal Combustion Products • Be Non-Foaming • Aid Fuel Economy

  24. Petrol Engine Oils 4 Stroke Engines* 2 Stroke Engines • Petrol Engine Oils for • Cars • HP Extra Super Motor Oil 20W-40 • HP Extra Super Motor Oil 20W-50 • HP Cruise 15W-40 • HP SJX 15W-40 • Petrol Engine Oils for • 2 Stroke Bikes/Scooters/Auto • HP Racer 2 • HP Sundari • Petrol Engine Oils for • 4 Stroke Bikes • HP Racer 4

  25. PETROL ENGINE OILS 1

  26. ENGINE OIL FOR CARS 1

  27. HP EXTRA SUPER MOTOR OIL 20W-40 • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: • Outstanding engine cleanliness • Excellent oxidation stability • Improved wear protection • Extended engine life • Improved fuel economy • All the year round protection • Compatible with catalytic converter • APPLICATION AREAS • Engine oil for all passenger cars SPECIFICATION API SF/CC, MIL-L-46152B & E-PL2/E-DL1 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  28. HP Cruise 15W-40 SPECIFICATIONS: API SG/CD, MIL-L-46152D, E-PL3/E-DL 2 OF IS:13656:1993 APPLICATIONS: ENGINE OIL FOR ALL NEW GENERATION AS WELL AS ALL EXISTING CARS 1

  29. DIESEL ENGINE OILS

  30. Diesel Engine Oils • HP Milcy Power • HYLUBE LL 15W-40 • HP Milcy Toofan • HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40 • HP Milcy Super • HP Milcy 30, 40 • Hylube X-3 10W, 30, 40 • Hylube HDX Multi Grade 20W-40 • HP Supertrak 20W-40 • HP Tractor Oil • HP Pump Set Oil

  31. MAJOR DRIVING FORCES API CC-HYLUBE HDX MULTIGRADE 20W-40API CD-HYLUBE MILCY 30, 40, 50, 20W-40-HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40, MILCY SUPER- HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40API CE/CF-4- HP MILCY POWER, HP MILCY TOOFAN- HYLUBE LL 15W-40MB 228.3-HYLUBE SHP 15W-40API CH-4-HP DIESELINO LOW OIL CONSUMPTION LONG DRAIN PERIOD LONGER ENGINE DURABILITY LOW EMISSION

  32. HYLUBE HDX MULTIGRADE 20W-40 • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : • Excellent engine protection under high temperature operation • Good engine start up under cold conditions • Better all-round performance APPLICATION AREAS All four stroke diesel engines for round the year operation SPECIFICATION API CC/SC, MIL-L-2104B & E-DL1/E-PL1 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  33. HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40 • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: • Maintain excellent engine cleanliness • Provides sufficient control on sludge & corrosive wear • Possess excellent oxidation stability APPLICATION AREAS Super charged diesel engines service typical in earthmoving and construction equipment, X-3 10W can be used as an hydraulic fluid in Caterpillar transmissions SPECIFICATION API CD & MIL-L-45199B & E-DL2 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  34. HYLUBE MILCY PUNCH LINES • IDEAL DIESEL ENGINE OIL TAILORED ACCORDING TO INDIAN CONDITIONS • LESS OIL THICKENING • EXCELLENT TBN RETENTION • LONGER DRAIN MACK T-7 1

  35. ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGES OF MULTIGRADES • TO AVOID SEASONAL OIL CHANGES • TO HELP IN REDUCING EXHAUST EMISSIONS • TO REDUCE OIL CONSUMPTION • TO HELP IN COLD STARTING • TO REDUCE DRAIN OF BATTERY AT START • POSSIBLE SAVINGS IN FUEL CONSUMPTION UPTO 2~5% • REDUCED ENGINE WEAR AT START. HYLUBE MILCY HP MILCY SUPER 1

  36. HYLUBE MILCY 30, 40 & HP MILCY SUPER • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : • Extended TBN Quality reserves • Prevents oil thickening and enhances oil life • Possess absolute control of corrosive wear. • Excellent thermal & oxidation stability • Superior diesel engine Protection for prolonged engine life • Enhanced drain period • Outstanding engine cleanliness APPLICATION AREAS Heavy duty diesel engine oil for both naturally aspirated & supercharged engines SPECIFICATION API CD/SF & MIL-L-2104C+Mack T-7 EDL-3 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  37. HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40 • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : • Extended TBN Quality reserves • Prevents oil thickening and enhances oil life • Possess absolute control of corrosive wear. • Excellent thermal & oxidation stability • Superior diesel engine Protection for prolonged engine life • Enhanced drain period • Outstanding engine cleanliness APPLICATION AREAS Heavy duty diesel engine oil for both naturally aspirated & supercharged engines SPECIFICATION API CD/SF & MIL-L-2104C+Mack T-7 EDL-3 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  38. HP MILCY POWER • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: • Superior engine deposit control • Minimize ring sticking & liner wear. • Extended TBN quality reserves. • Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economy • Prolonged engine life. • Suitable for wide temperatures range. • Minimum insoluble build up • Excellent soot & sludge control APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, MIL-L 2104E,MB 228.1,CCMC D4 & E-DL3 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  39. HP MILCY TOOFAN PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:Superior engine deposit controlMinimize ring sticking & liner wear.Extended TBN quality reserves.Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economyProlonged engine life.Suitable for wide temperatures range.Minimum insoluble build upExcellent soot & sludge control APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, E-DL3 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  40. HYLUBE LL 15W-40 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:Superior engine deposit controlMinimize ring sticking & liner wear.Extended TBN quality reserves.Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economyProlonged engine life.Suitable for wide temperatures range.Minimum insoluble build upExcellent soot & sludge control APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, E-DL3 of IS: 13656-1993 1

  41. HYLUBE SHP 15W-40 • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:Excellent Thermal & Oxidation Stability • Outstanding Viscosity Related Performance • Longer Drain Period APPLICATIONS: All types of Heavy Duty Diesel Powered Engines, High Speed DG Sets Specially meant for Volvo Penta DG Sets SPECIFICATIONS: MB 228.3, CCMC D5, E-DL4 of IS:13656:1993 1

  42. Rail Road Engine Oils 1

  43. Rail Road Engine Oils • No generally accepted tests exists • Each Engine Builders has its own preferences based on Field Experiences • Approval requires proven quality in extensive road trials • Common Rail Road Engine Oils are API CD type or better with mono/ multi-grade visco-matrix. Zinc content in oil may be limited to avoid engine component damage 1

  44. Rail Road Engine OilsLMOA Classification 1

  45. Rail Road Engine Oils 1

  46. HP RAIL ROAD OIL 813M • SPECIAL FEATURES • Generation 5 Zinc-free (less tha 10 ppm)Multigrade crankcase oil for all locomotives including EMD,GE & ALCO • SPECIFICATIONS • Meets API CF & LMOA Generation V • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS • Fuel Economy • Reduced Lube Oil Consumption • Cleaner Engines & Lesser Wear. 1

  47. HP RAIL ROAD OIL 817M • SPECIAL FEATURES • Generation 5 Zincfree (less than 10 ppm) Multi-grade crankcase oil EMD locomotives • SPECIFICATIONS • Meets API CF & LMOA Generation V • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS • Fuel Economy • Reduced Lube Oil Consumption • Cleaner Engines & Lesser Wear. 1

  48. GEAR OILS

  49. AUTOMOTIVE GEAR OILS • Provide Lubrication To the Gear Teeth • Reduce Effects of Friction • Act as a Silencer • Carry Away Frictional Heat

  50. HP GEAR OIL EP 80, 90, 140 • SPECIAL FEATURES • Multipurpose Gear oil containing extreme pressure additives for moderate service conditions • SPECIFICATIONS • API GL-4, MIL-L-2105 & • EP Type GL-4 Level of IS:1118:1992 • APPLICATION AREAS • Hypoid gears & manual transmissions of automobiles requiring this type of extreme pressure oils • PERFORMANCE BENEFITS • Excellent thermal & chemical stability • Protection against rust & corrosion ensuring longer trouble free protection