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Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Geography

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  1. Geography • Peninsula just south/east of China • 70%= Low, steep mountains • Western coastal regions = major farming • Coastline- 5400 miles, hundreds of good harbors = port cities • Location near China = Korea is influenced by China

  2. Dynasties • Silla Dynasty (668-935) • Koryo (935-1392) • Choson or Yi ( 1392-1910)

  3. Silla • Korea prospered & the arts flourished; • Buddhism grew to be a powerful force- hundreds of temples were built; • Chinese culture, language & politics- imp. Influences on this dynasty; • Medicine, astronomy, metal casting sculpture & textile manufacturing reached high levels • Set up National Confucian Academy to train high officials

  4. Koryo Dynasty • The modern Korea comes from this dynasty’s name • Confucianism & Buddhism both influential • Woodblock printing = many Buddhist texts • Took the Chinese invention & had moveable type • Learned to make porcelain from China = Celadon ( porcelain w. an unusual blue-green glaze)

  5. Choson or Yi • Last & longest-lived of the 3 dynasties • Reduced Buddhist influence • Set up govt based on Confucian principles • King Sejong- Replaced complicated system of writing w. Hangul (Korean pheonetic alphabet) = led to extremely high literacy rate • Japanese invaded- stole Korean artisans- took them back to Japan to learn Korean art in Japan

  6. Arts & Learning • Arts & Learning from China • Woodblock printing & moveable type • Celadon porcelain • Complex Chinese writing replaced by Hangul • High literacy rate

  7. Government • United w. help of Tang China • Tributary state • Confucian principles of gov’t modified • Restricted role of women • Civil service exams for aristocrats only

  8. Invasions • Han emperor (China) Wudi- 108 BC • Mongols in 1231 • Japanese – 1590s